Register And Style

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  • Titelfolie ist ein Zitat aus Hornby „a long way down“ - S. 31 Einführung register & Style anhand Figurensprache im Roman. Folien 2-6 basieren auf http://www.uwic.ac.uk/ltsu/u_area/studyskills/unit08.html
  • Register And Style

    1. 1. Register & Style <ul><ul><li>Martin: „I'd say there was a certain degree of culpability involved.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jess: „Just because you've swallowed a fucking dictionary, it doesn't mean you've done nothing wrong.“ </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Register You adapt your language to specific contexts or audiences.
    3. 3. Style The way in which you use the language.
    4. 4. Register & Style <ul><li>Refer to choice of </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary, </li></ul><ul><li>idioms, </li></ul><ul><li>syntax, </li></ul><ul><li>Certain grammatical structures. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Spoken vs. written English Spoken English tends to be more informal, more personal, less concise and less organised. Written English, in contrast, tends to be more formal, more impersonal, and more precise and economical in the use of words.
    6. 6. Spoken vs. written English
    7. 7. Levels <ul><li>Roughly: formal – informal – vulgar </li></ul><ul><li>OALD: figurative, formal, humorous, informal, ironic, literary, offensive, slang, taboo, technical, dialect, old-fashioned, old use, saying </li></ul>
    8. 8. Formal English <ul><li>Written language, serious matters </li></ul><ul><li>Impersonal (passive) </li></ul><ul><li>Precise </li></ul><ul><li>Longer, carefully structured sentences </li></ul><ul><li>No contractions ( do not instead of don't ) </li></ul><ul><li>more specialized and complex vocabulary than everyday speech </li></ul><ul><li>Words more often of Latin / French origin </li></ul>
    9. 9. Informal English <ul><li>Spoken </li></ul><ul><li>Simple grammar and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary often from Germanic roots </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Simple punctuation (avoidance of colon and semi-colon) </li></ul><ul><li>Contractions </li></ul><ul><li>Personal (first person) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Vulgar (slang, taboo) <ul><li>Touches upon taboos (sexuality, body functions) </li></ul><ul><li>Not used in writing (except direct speech) </li></ul><ul><li>Taboo character rather strong in UK and US!!!! Caution! </li></ul><ul><li>Can express social / racial / regional ties </li></ul><ul><li>Can change rapidly </li></ul>
    11. 11. Formal / Informal / Vulgar

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