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Dramatic poetry

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  • 1. Dramatic Poetry
  • 2. Dramatic Poetry Defined
    • Has elements that closely relate it to drama, either because it is written in some kind of dramatic form, or uses a dramatic technique
    • May also suggest a story, but there is more emphasis on character rather than on the narrative
  • 3. Forms of Dramatic Poetry
    • Dramatic Monologue
    • 2. Soliloquy
    • 3. Character Sketch
  • 4. 1. Dramatic Monologue
    • a combination of drama and poetry
    • Presents the speech of a single character “in a specific situation at a critical moment”
    • The speaker addresses one or more persons who are present and who are listening to the speaker, but remain silent
    • The speaker’s personality and character, his relationship to others, his sense of values and attitudes towards life are indirectly gleaned from his monologue
  • 5. Example of a Dramatic Monologue
    • Ferrara: That's my last Duchess painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive. I call That piece a wonder, now: Frà Pandolf's hands Worked busily a day, and there she stands. Will't please you sit and look at her? I said "Frà Pandolf" by design, for never read Strangers like you that pictured countenance, The depth and passion of its earnest glance, But to myself they turned (since none puts by The curtain I have drawn for you, but I) And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst, How such a glance came there; so, not the first Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir, 'twas not Her husband's presence only, called that spot Of joy into the Duchess' cheek: perhaps Frà Pandolf chanced to say "Her mantle laps Over my Lady's wrist too much," or "Paint Must never hope to reproduce the faint
  • 6. 2. Soliloquy
    • A passage spoken by a speaker in a poem or a character in a play
    • No one present to hear the speaker
    • The thoughts expressed, the emotions displayed, and the revelations made, freely and without inhibition, give deep insights into the character
    • Used in poetic dramas to enrich and vivify characterization
    • Inform the audience about other developments in the play
  • 7. Example of Soliloquy
    • HAMLET:
    • To be, or not to be--that is the question:
    • Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
    • The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
    • Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
    • And by opposing end them. To die, to sleep--
    • No more--and by a sleep to say we end
    • The heartache, and the thousand natural shocks
    • That flesh is heir to. 'Tis a consummation
    • Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep--
    • To sleep--perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub,
    • For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
    • When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
    • Must give us pause. There's the respect
    • That makes calamity of so long life.
    • For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
    • Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely
    • The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
    • The insolence of office, and the spurns
    • That patient merit of th' unworthy takes,
    • When he himself might his quietus make
    • With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear,
    • To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
    • But that the dread of something after death,
    • The undiscovered country, from whose bourn
    • No traveller returns, puzzles the will,
    • And makes us rather bear those ills we have
    • Than fly to others that we know not of?
    • Thus conscience does make cowards of us all,
    • And thus the native hue of resolution
    • Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
    • And enterprise of great pitch and moment
    • With this regard their currents turn awry
    • And lose the name of action. -- Soft you now,
    • The fair Ophelia! -- Nymph, in thy orisons
    • Be all my sins remembered.
  • 8. 3. Character Sketch
    • A poem in which “the writer is concerned less with matters of story, complete or implied, than he is with arousing sympathy, antagonism, or merely interest for an individual”
    • Poet – serves as observer and commentator
    • Incorporates the element of suspense, conflict, or tension
  • 9. Example of Character Sketch
    • "And is mine one?" said Abou. "Nay, not so," Replied the Angel. Abou spoke more low, But cheerily still; and said, "I pray thee, then, Write me as one who loves his fellow men." The Angel wrote, and vanished. The next night It came again with a great wakening light, And showed the names whom love of God had blessed, And, lo! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest!
    Abou Ben Adhem: James Henry Leigh Hunt Abou Ben Adhem (may his tribe increase!) Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace, And saw, within the moonlight in his room, Making it rich, and like a lily in bloom, An Angel writing in a book of gold: Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold, And to the Presence in the room he said, "What writest thou?" The Vision raised its head, And with a look made of all sweet accord Answered, "The names of those who love the Lord."