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Elements of a one act play.ppt

A one-act play is a play with only one act that typically runs between 15 minutes to an hour. It introduces characters, the setting, and establishes the central conflict which builds up to a climax. Key elements of a one-act play include characters, setting, theme, plot consisting of exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and resolution, stage directions, and dialogue between characters that moves the story forward.

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Elements of one-act
play
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A one-act play, as the name suggests, is a play that
has only one act in it as opposed to the popular
format involving three or more acts. One-act plays
typically run between 15 minutes to an hour. Any
play that is shorter in duration and lasts around 10
minutes falls under the category of ten-minute
play.
4
Character
 A character is a person, or sometimes an animal, who
takes part in the action of a short story or other literary
work.
 Characters and how we get to know them:
 Through the author’s physical description of them
 Through their actions
 Through their words (dialogue)
 Through their inner thoughts
 Through what other characters say and think about them
5
Setting
 Setting is the time and place
that a story occurs.
 Authors often use
descriptions of landscape,
scenery, buildings, seasons
or weather to provide a
strong sense of setting.
6
Theme
 Theme is the meaning behind events and
characters’ actions in a story.
 The theme is the central idea, message, or
purpose in a short story.
 A theme can be expressed as a general statement
about people or life.
 It is NOT plot summary.
 It can be either directly or indirectly stated by
the author. Most likely indirectly.

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Elements of a one act play.ppt

  • 1. 1
  • 3. 3 A one-act play, as the name suggests, is a play that has only one act in it as opposed to the popular format involving three or more acts. One-act plays typically run between 15 minutes to an hour. Any play that is shorter in duration and lasts around 10 minutes falls under the category of ten-minute play.
  • 4. 4 Character  A character is a person, or sometimes an animal, who takes part in the action of a short story or other literary work.  Characters and how we get to know them:  Through the author’s physical description of them  Through their actions  Through their words (dialogue)  Through their inner thoughts  Through what other characters say and think about them
  • 5. 5 Setting  Setting is the time and place that a story occurs.  Authors often use descriptions of landscape, scenery, buildings, seasons or weather to provide a strong sense of setting.
  • 6. 6 Theme  Theme is the meaning behind events and characters’ actions in a story.  The theme is the central idea, message, or purpose in a short story.  A theme can be expressed as a general statement about people or life.  It is NOT plot summary.  It can be either directly or indirectly stated by the author. Most likely indirectly.
  • 7. 7 Conflict  Conflict is any of the problems that a character encounters in a story.  The conflict is a struggle between two people or things in a short story.  The main character is on one side of the main conflict.  Conflicts can be:  1. External – conflict with others and with nature  2. Internal – conflict within themselves  The main character may struggle:  against another important character  against the forces of nature  against society  against something inside himself or herself (feelings, emotions, illness).
  • 8. 8 Plot  Plot is a pattern of events that develop from the interactions between characters.  A plot is a series of events and character actions that relate to the central conflict.  There are 5 elements of plot:  Exposition  Rising Action  Climax  Falling Action  Conclusion
  • 9. Stage directions  Instructions for the actors and director about movement, gestures, and other actions on stage. These should be clear and concise to help bring the play to life. 9
  • 10. 10 Dialogue The words spoken by the characters. Dialogue should be natural and appropriate for the characters and setting.The conflict is a struggle between two people or things in a short story.
  • 11. 11 Dialogue  It is part of the action/reaction flow between characters. One character says something, the other reacts, moving the drama along in the direction of the spine. Thus, dialogue should relate to the spine, to the character's role and purpose in the overall structure and theme of the play.
  • 13. 13 Exposition  The start or introduction of the story.  The background information that the reader must have in order to understand the story.  This is where characters and setting are introduced.
  • 14. 14 Rising Action  All of the events that take place leading up to the climax.  This is where the reader is introduced to the conflict.
  • 15. 15 Climax  The most exciting part of the story.  The turning point in the story.  Here the story is turned in a different direction, toward the conclusion.
  • 16. 16 Falling Action  The immediate reaction to the climax.  All the actions that occur after the climax and before the conclusion of the story.
  • 17. 17 Resolution  The conclusion of the plot.  Loose ends are tied up.  There might not be a clear resolution. This is called a cliffhanger ending.
  • 18. 18