THE APPEAL OF THE
NAZIS
HTTP://WWW.BBC.CO.UK/SCHOOLS/GCSEBITESIZE/H
ISTORY/MWH/GERMANY/NAZIBELIEFSREV2.SHTML
• The crisis of 1923 led to ordinary Germans
supporting more extreme parties such as the
Nazis, which only began in 1919 a...
NAZI IDEOLOGY
• In 1919, Adolf Hitler joined a small right-wing group
called the German Workers' Party. He took over as
it...
NAZI IDEOLOGY
• Lebensraum - the need for 'living space' for the German
nation to expand.
• A strong Germany - the Treaty ...
NAZI IDEOLOGY
• In the 1920s, the Nazis tried to be all things to all people.
The 25-Point Programme had policies that wer...
NAZI IDEOLOGY
The Nazis did not appeal to:
• working men who voted Communist
• intellectuals such as students and universi...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
• Hitler put Josef Goebbels in charge of Nazi propaganda.
Methods of campaigning that the Nazis used in th...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
NAZI PROPAGANDA
Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups
- can you work out who these slo...
REVISION TIP AND ANSWER
PREPARATION
Revision tip
• You are unlikely to be asked to describe what the Nazis
believed. Conce...
CHECK-UP TEST
1. What was the Nazi party first called?
• National Socialists
• German Workers' Party
• German Nationalists...
CHECK-UP TEST
1. What was the Nazi party first called?
• National Socialists
• German Workers' Party
• German Nationalists...
History - the appeal of the nazis (from bbc history)
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History - the appeal of the nazis (from bbc history)

  1. 1. THE APPEAL OF THE NAZIS HTTP://WWW.BBC.CO.UK/SCHOOLS/GCSEBITESIZE/H ISTORY/MWH/GERMANY/NAZIBELIEFSREV2.SHTML
  2. 2. • The crisis of 1923 led to ordinary Germans supporting more extreme parties such as the Nazis, which only began in 1919 as a small political group. The Nazis appeared to offer a better future and something for everyone which gave them widespread appeal.
  3. 3. NAZI IDEOLOGY • In 1919, Adolf Hitler joined a small right-wing group called the German Workers' Party. He took over as its leader, and changed its name to the National Socialists (Nazis). • The party developed a 25-Point Programme, which - after the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1924 - Hitler explained further in his book 'Mein Kampf'.
  4. 4. NAZI IDEOLOGY • Lebensraum - the need for 'living space' for the German nation to expand. • A strong Germany - the Treaty of Versailles should be abolished and all German-speaking people united in one country. • Führer - the idea that there should be a single leader with complete power rather than a democracy. • Social Darwinism - the idea that the Aryan race was superior and Jews were 'subhuman'. • Autarky - the idea that Germany should be economically self-sufficient. • Germany was in danger - from Communists and Jews, who had to be destroyed.
  5. 5. NAZI IDEOLOGY • In the 1920s, the Nazis tried to be all things to all people. The 25-Point Programme had policies that were: • Socialist - eg farmers should be given their land; pensions should improve; and public industries such as electricity and water should be owned by the state. • Nationalist - all German-speaking people should be united in one country; the Treaty of Versailles should be abolished; and there should be special laws for foreigners. • Racist - Jews should not be German citizens and immigration should be stopped. • Fascist - a strong central government and control of the newspapers.
  6. 6. NAZI IDEOLOGY The Nazis did not appeal to: • working men who voted Communist • intellectuals such as students and university professors They were popular with: • nationalists and racists • farmers • lower middle-class people such as plumbers and shopkeepers who were worried about the chaos Germany was in • rich people worried by the threat from Communism
  7. 7. NAZI PROPAGANDA • Hitler put Josef Goebbels in charge of Nazi propaganda. Methods of campaigning that the Nazis used in the 1920s included radio, mass rallies, newspapers (eg 'Der Sturmer'), Hitler's speeches, and posters. • The Nazis used crude slogans to introduce these ideas and to make them appeal to the ordinary people of Germany. *Propaganda: a type of advertising for an idea or cause, produced by supporters or opponents of that idea or cause. It is usually produced to influence how the people of a nation think.
  8. 8. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? Work means bread German women, think of your children! Vote for Hitler!
  9. 9. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? The Jewish Wirepuller Victory or Bolshevism
  10. 10. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? Work means bread • Unemployed German people
  11. 11. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? German women, think of your children! Vote for Hitler! • Mothers and Women
  12. 12. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? The Jewish Wirepuller • Racists • The picture shows a fat Jewish employer controlling the German workers’ lives
  13. 13. NAZI PROPAGANDA Look at the posters above. These slogans were targeted at specific groups - can you work out who these slogans were meant to appeal to? Victory or Bolshevism • Rich German people • Because they feared that the Communists would nationalise their farms and factories
  14. 14. REVISION TIP AND ANSWER PREPARATION Revision tip • You are unlikely to be asked to describe what the Nazis believed. Concentrate more on understanding how the Nazis tried to get their message across (eg by using propaganda). This will help you explain how Hitler came to power. Answer preparation As part of your revision, think about the arguments and facts you would use to explain: • What the Nazis believed. • How the Nazis tried to appeal to different groups of people.
  15. 15. CHECK-UP TEST 1. What was the Nazi party first called? • National Socialists • German Workers' Party • German Nationalists Party 2. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the "Nationalist" element of Nazi beliefs: • The state should control the newspapers. • All German people should be united in one country. • Jews should not be German citizens. 3. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the socialist element of early Nazi beliefs: • There should be special laws for foreigners. • There should be a strong central government. • Public industries should be owned by the state. 4. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the racist element of Nazi beliefs: • Jews should not be German citizens. • Farmers should own their own land. • Immigration should be stopped. 5. What was the book in which Hitler outlined his political ideas after the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923: • Mein Kampf • Mien Kampf • Mien Kapmf 6. What name did Hitler use for the single leader with complete power whom he said should control the German state? • Fürher • Führer • Fürhur 7. What was "lebensraum"? • living space • The desire to expand the German empire. • a "Greater Germany" 8. What is the name for the theory that only the fittest races would survive? • National Darwinism • Social Darwinism • National Socialism 9. Which of these races was "untermensch", according to the Nazis? • Germans • Swedes • Slavs 10. What was the name for the theory that said that Germany should be self-sufficient? • Autarchy • Artarchy • Autarky
  16. 16. CHECK-UP TEST 1. What was the Nazi party first called? • National Socialists • German Workers' Party • German Nationalists Party 2. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the "Nationalist" element of Nazi beliefs: • The state should control the newspapers. • All German people should be united in one country. • Jews should not be German citizens. 3. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the socialist element of early Nazi beliefs: • There should be special laws for foreigners. • There should be a strong central government. • Public industries should be owned by the state. 4. In these points from the Nazis' 25-Point Programme, which is an example of the racist element of Nazi beliefs: • Jews should not be German citizens. • Farmers should own their own land. • Immigration should be stopped. 5. What was the book in which Hitler outlined his political ideas after the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923: • Mein Kampf • Mien Kampf • Mien Kapmf 6. What name did Hitler use for the single leader with complete power whom he said should control the German state? • Fürher • Führer • Fürhur 7. What was "lebensraum"? • living space • The desire to expand the German empire. • a "Greater Germany" 8. What is the name for the theory that only the fittest races would survive? • National Darwinism • Social Darwinism • National Socialism 9. Which of these races was "untermensch", according to the Nazis? • Germans • Swedes • Slavs 10. What was the name for the theory that said that Germany should be self-sufficient? • Autarchy • Artarchy • Autarky

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