- stories orally pass from one generation to another.
- originally sung.
- topics includes love affairs.
- has stanzas with four lines each.
- popular during 18th and 19th centuries
imitates the form and structure of the folk ballad
- Tell a story
- Use imagery
- Put to music
The word Epic has been derived a Greek word epikos,
which means a word, song or speech.
Long narrative poem of heroism and grandeur.
portray adventure of gods, princes, kings, knight, ect.
Epic is classified in to two
original epic – originally in oral form. From an age when
a nation was conquering and expanding
literary epic – usually known as art epic which imitate
or influenced by the original epic
Virgil’s Aeneid Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey
John Milton’s Ramayana and
Paradise Lost Mahabharata (India)
Beowulf The Divine Comedy
(Old English) (Dante Alighieri)
- A medieval story of about 1,000 lines rhyming
couplets of generally 8-10 syllables per line
- Accompanied by harp or rote
mysterious fairy-tale atmosphere
elements of love, romance, and knighthood
Most popular collection of Lays
“ The Lays of Marie de France”
- written in the 12th century
Now I’ve taken up the making of the lais,
I won’t lay it down, though heavy it weighs.
Adventures I’ve known in my time,
I will retell them all in rhyme.
I’ve been thinking, and wanting too
To tell the tale of Yonec to you:
Whence his birht, how his father
First came visiting his mother—
His name who begot Yonec
Was, properly, Muldumarec.
Marie de France’s Lay of Yonec
Depict the fictitious, supernatural, and idealized adventure of
Popular during the 12th and 15th centuries
Teach Christian morals and courtly love
Three sources of Medieval Romance
the matter of Greece – relates legends about Troy
the matter of France - portrays the adventures of
the matter of Britain - narrates the legends of King
Arthur and the knights of the
Awit and Korido
Medieval romances and spanish ballads influenced the
development of the awit and korido during colonial period
Awit – originally sung in a slow tempo and is divided into
stanzas of four lines with 12 syllables.
Korido – from the spanish word ocuridos meaning event.
“The pinagdaanang buhay ni Florante at Laura sa
Cahariang Albania” by Francisco Balagtas
“Florante at Laura” – by francisco balagtas
“Bernardo Carpio”- Jose dela Cruz