Dramatic poetry


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Dramatic poetry

  1. 1. Dramatic Poetry
  2. 2. Dramatic Poetry Defined <ul><li>Has elements that closely relate it to drama, either because it is written in some kind of dramatic form, or uses a dramatic technique </li></ul><ul><li>May also suggest a story, but there is more emphasis on character rather than on the narrative </li></ul>
  3. 3. Forms of Dramatic Poetry <ul><li>Dramatic Monologue </li></ul><ul><li>2. Soliloquy </li></ul><ul><li>3. Character Sketch </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Dramatic Monologue <ul><li>a combination of drama and poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Presents the speech of a single character “in a specific situation at a critical moment” </li></ul><ul><li>The speaker addresses one or more persons who are present and who are listening to the speaker, but remain silent </li></ul><ul><li>The speaker’s personality and character, his relationship to others, his sense of values and attitudes towards life are indirectly gleaned from his monologue </li></ul>
  5. 5. Example of a Dramatic Monologue <ul><li>Ferrara: That's my last Duchess painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive. I call That piece a wonder, now: Frà Pandolf's hands Worked busily a day, and there she stands. Will't please you sit and look at her? I said &quot;Frà Pandolf&quot; by design, for never read Strangers like you that pictured countenance, The depth and passion of its earnest glance, But to myself they turned (since none puts by The curtain I have drawn for you, but I) And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst, How such a glance came there; so, not the first Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir, 'twas not Her husband's presence only, called that spot Of joy into the Duchess' cheek: perhaps Frà Pandolf chanced to say &quot;Her mantle laps Over my Lady's wrist too much,&quot; or &quot;Paint Must never hope to reproduce the faint </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. Soliloquy <ul><li>A passage spoken by a speaker in a poem or a character in a play </li></ul><ul><li>No one present to hear the speaker </li></ul><ul><li>The thoughts expressed, the emotions displayed, and the revelations made, freely and without inhibition, give deep insights into the character </li></ul><ul><li>Used in poetic dramas to enrich and vivify characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Inform the audience about other developments in the play </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example of Soliloquy <ul><li>HAMLET: </li></ul><ul><li>To be, or not to be--that is the question: </li></ul><ul><li>Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer </li></ul><ul><li>The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune </li></ul><ul><li>Or to take arms against a sea of troubles </li></ul><ul><li>And by opposing end them. To die, to sleep-- </li></ul><ul><li>No more--and by a sleep to say we end </li></ul><ul><li>The heartache, and the thousand natural shocks </li></ul><ul><li>That flesh is heir to. 'Tis a consummation </li></ul><ul><li>Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep-- </li></ul><ul><li>To sleep--perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub, </li></ul><ul><li>For in that sleep of death what dreams may come </li></ul><ul><li>When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, </li></ul><ul><li>Must give us pause. There's the respect </li></ul><ul><li>That makes calamity of so long life. </li></ul><ul><li>For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, </li></ul><ul><li>Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely </li></ul><ul><li>The pangs of despised love, the law's delay, </li></ul><ul><li>The insolence of office, and the spurns </li></ul><ul><li>That patient merit of th' unworthy takes, </li></ul><ul><li>When he himself might his quietus make </li></ul><ul><li>With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear, </li></ul><ul><li>To grunt and sweat under a weary life, </li></ul><ul><li>But that the dread of something after death, </li></ul><ul><li>The undiscovered country, from whose bourn </li></ul><ul><li>No traveller returns, puzzles the will, </li></ul><ul><li>And makes us rather bear those ills we have </li></ul><ul><li>Than fly to others that we know not of? </li></ul><ul><li>Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, </li></ul><ul><li>And thus the native hue of resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, </li></ul><ul><li>And enterprise of great pitch and moment </li></ul><ul><li>With this regard their currents turn awry </li></ul><ul><li>And lose the name of action. -- Soft you now, </li></ul><ul><li>The fair Ophelia! -- Nymph, in thy orisons </li></ul><ul><li>Be all my sins remembered. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3. Character Sketch <ul><li>A poem in which “the writer is concerned less with matters of story, complete or implied, than he is with arousing sympathy, antagonism, or merely interest for an individual” </li></ul><ul><li>Poet – serves as observer and commentator </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporates the element of suspense, conflict, or tension </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example of Character Sketch <ul><li>&quot;And is mine one?&quot; said Abou. &quot;Nay, not so,&quot; Replied the Angel. Abou spoke more low, But cheerily still; and said, &quot;I pray thee, then, Write me as one who loves his fellow men.&quot; The Angel wrote, and vanished. The next night It came again with a great wakening light, And showed the names whom love of God had blessed, And, lo! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest! </li></ul>Abou Ben Adhem: James Henry Leigh Hunt Abou Ben Adhem (may his tribe increase!) Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace, And saw, within the moonlight in his room, Making it rich, and like a lily in bloom, An Angel writing in a book of gold: Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold, And to the Presence in the room he said, &quot;What writest thou?&quot; The Vision raised its head, And with a look made of all sweet accord Answered, &quot;The names of those who love the Lord.&quot;