ICT development in Malaysia

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Malaysia’s importance came into existence due to its central location in the ASEAN countries. The international trade has made great jumps in using ICT as a driving factor to reduce cost in global trade. The enhancement of Information and Communication Technology made an impressive transformation of economic environment. Malaysia is considered one of the key points for import and export in the region; thus the government has made large investments in building advanced and high tech infrastructure to meet the increasingly demand for higher speeds and advanced communication facilities.

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ICT development in Malaysia

  1. 1. ICT Development in Malaysian ICT Infrastructure & Services ijkjkjPrepared by:Taufiq Hail Ghilan Al-MadhagyTowfeeq2k5@yahoo.com
  2. 2. ICT Development in MalaysiaInfrastructure and ServicesContentsi. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 3ii. Importance and Effects of ICT.............................................................................................................. 3iii. ICT background in Malaysia............................................................................................................. 3iv. Government Encouragement for ICT ............................................................................................... 4v. ICT Infrastructure and services ongoing development ......................................................................... 4vi. Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................ 5Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................. 5 2
  3. 3. ICT Development in MalaysiaInfrastructure and ServicesIT development in Malaysia i. IntroductionMalaysia’s importance came into existence due to its central location in the ASEAN countries. Theinternational trade has made great jumps in using ICT as a driving factor to reduce cost in global trade.The enhancement of Information and Communication Technology made an impressive transformation ofeconomic environment. Malaysia is considered one of the key points for import and export in the region;thus the government has made large investments in building advanced and high tech infrastructure tomeet the increasingly demand for higher speeds and advanced communication facilities. ii. Importance and Effects of ICTThe wider adoption of ICT in different mainstream of life, e.g. in education, industrial and commercialsectors, as well as in health sector has made ICT to be pervasive and imperative element in Malaysiansociety.During the fifth plan, the Government has promoted the expansion of the communication infrastructureincluding the fixed-lines telephony, internet access services, and public payphones for the underservedareas especially the rural and remote areas.These developments with the clear vision of the governments lead to rapid changes in ICT literacy andconsequently the society became more and more aware of ICT importance. In addition, several initiativeshas emerged and changed the market trend in widely usage of ICT services.Many software companies has developed software packages and developed systems that created a lot ofjob vacancies to encompass the local manpower. On the other hand, this development created new trendsto open new markets in China and the Middle East. iii. ICT background in Malaysia1996, Malaysia has invested heavily to develop Multimedia Super Corridor, MSC, which assisted as thehigh speed backbone in the country that connects Malaysia to Japan, USA and Europe, and ASEANcountries.1The MSC has set the platform to build a competitive cluster of local ICT companies and ICT industry.The primary focus of these companies is software development for general enterprise solutions, datawarehousing, high-end specialized applications, and e-commerce.The second phase of MSC involved the conferring of MSC Cybercity status to Bayan Lepas in PulauPinang and the Kulim Hi-Tech Park in Kedah.One of the concentrated focuses of the Government to build ICT infrastructure for the future investment isthe Cyberjaya. It is a town with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia SuperCorridor in Malaysia.1 (www.epu.gov.m) 3
  4. 4. ICT Development in MalaysiaInfrastructure and ServicesThe official opening ceremony for Cyberjaya was held in May 1997 by then Prime Minister, Mahathirbin Mohammad.Cyberjaya was considered Malaysia’s premier IT hub and has a communication backbone using fiberoptics known as Cyberjaya Metro Fiber Network (CMFN) which facilitates as a straight connectivity tothe building using “Fiber-To-Building” concept with ring topology that ensures full redundancy for thecables.Cyberjaya is planned as an intelligent city with ICT and multimedia industries, R&D centers, aMultimedia University and operational headquarters for multinationals wishing to direct their worldwidemanufacturing and trading activities using multimedia technology.2The number of internet users was negligible in 1996, 1.7 million, and increased dramatically to 13.7millions in 2012(the Ninth Malaysia Plan). 3The ongoing developing process has emerged the need to review ICT regulations and laws in addition tosecurity issues related to Business and public security especially when B-2-B, Business to Business, andB-2-C, Business to Consumer, online service become more popular and a demanding issue for the secureconnectivity.To narrow the digital gap, hundreds of telecenter where established under the USP, Universal ServiceProvision, and Government. Many programs were implemented, e.g. in 2003, to increase ICT literacyamong households like the “One Home One PC”. iv. Government Encouragement for ICTThe gap between the supply of and the demand for practical skill set in industry has created a hugedemand for skills training. The private sector through MSC has offered two programs, namely, the“Undergraduate Skills Program, and MSC internship program.” The government also conducted trainingprograms to enhance ICT knowledge and skill levels of workforce through Human ResourceDevelopment Fund, and reserved RM 176 million for this purpose. This involved the financing of241,359 training places at 227 training centers nationwide.4 v. ICT Infrastructure and services ongoing developmentMalaysia has various terrain and sometimes difficult to implement communication facilities. TheGovernment’s goal is to narrow the gap among the cities and the rural/remote areas in terms of ICTservices which includes e-Government services. The palm oil plantation is covering a wide range of theland. In addition to that, there are islands that are scattered and the forests that have a wide green layer oftrees.Using fiber optics to connect different areas with the heart of the ICT backbone is hard to achieve andimplement without a great loss of the nature, the plants, and sacrifice of the oil palm plantation industry.The only way, as I believe, was the wireless and Wi-Fi technology. Thus, there was an intensified focuson the investment of this technology to cover the different, and sometimes the difficult terrain.2 (Cyberjaya)3 (The Impact of ICT Infrastructure on Malaysian Trade)4 (The Impact of ICT Infrastructure on Malaysian Trade) 4
  5. 5. ICT Development in MalaysiaInfrastructure and ServicesThe government has invested a lot to build e-based services to reach all the citizens in all areas and toembody the Nation unification due to the fact that Malaysia has different races. The government, throughits policies, regulations, and legislations wants to emphasize that everyone is responsible for thedevelopment of this country and has give his/her share to build the Nation’s economy. This responsibilitythe Government is holding also involved the private and industrial sector to share in building strong andknowledgebase economy. A good example of that is the USP, Universal Service Provision.One of the main things that should be mentioned here is that Malaysia is giving the citizen great value andalways emphasize that everyone has the right to benefit from this technology. One example of this is the“One Home One Pc” initiative which covers the low income and household in rural and remote areas.The rising demand for ICT usage pushed the government to think of upgrading to IP version 6. Thus theGovernment setup the National Consultative Counsel to study the implications of such upgrade in termsof regulations, policy, manpower requirements, timeline, and investment.The usage of Radio Frequency Identification technologies will be used to create ubiquitous network thatwill be used to intensify information usage thus generating new value added activities and services withinthe ICT industry. vi. ConclusionWalking through the above mentioned information regarding ICT in Malaysia; it seems clearly that theGovernment is fully focused on making Malaysia a key player in IT and Multimedia industry. Keeping inmind the huge investments in IT, involving populace in using ICT in their daily course of life, especiallyin all Governmental sectors as well as rural and remote areas, international contribution and partnershipwith well-known international institutions and IT companies, all these indicate that the intensified effortsare behind all the current development in ICT infrastructure in Malaysia. The wheels of time areprogressing in line with the efforts of Malaysian to achieve this goal.Bibliography [1]. (n.d.). Retrieved October 4, 2012, from www.epu.gov.m: http://www.epu.gov.my/html/themes/epu/html/rm9/english/Chapter5.pdf [2]. Cyberjaya. (n.d.). Retrieved October 3, 2012, from en.wikipedia.org: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyberjaya#Technological_features [3]. The Impact of ICT Infrastructure on Malaysian Trade. (n.d.). Retrieved October 4, 2012, from UKM Artical1: http://www.ukm.my/fep/perkem/pdf/perkemVI/PERKEM2011-2-5A4.pdf 5

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