James M. Carbone Jr.Presidentjcarbonejr@garb-el.com
• Concerns about overuse of fossil • Today, there is an increasing social fuels and their substantially non- movement towards “sustainability” renewable nature have generated and a pressure to become interest in biological sources and environmentally friendly and “go processes of energy. green.” At Garb-el these are more than just buzzwords. Go “GREEN”!
• Several environmental issues have emerged in the past several years with respect to management of MSW: 1. Generation of renewable and reliable energy 2. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions 3. Loss of green space• What can be done to help alleviate some of the burdens associated with MSW?• What are some ways commercial establishments can participate in organic waste diversion?• What are the benefits of diverting food waste from landfills?
1. Source Reduction: reduce amount of food being generated2. Feed People: donate excess food to food banks, soup kitchens & shelters3. Feed Animals: provide food scraps to farmers4. Industrial Uses: anaerobic digestion5. Composting: recycle food scraps into nutrient rich soil6. Landfill/Incineration
• Produce – trim from fruits and vegetables• Baked goods• Dairy – cheese, yogurt, ice cream• Floral waste – trimmings & plants• Plate scraps and leftover food• Consumable liquid (beer, wine, and juice)• Meat and poultry• Seafood
• Food waste is generated from many sources: food processing plants, supermarkets, restaurants, schools, correctional facilities, etc…• In the US, food waste has increased by 50 percent since 1974• 40 percent of all the food produced in the US is thrown out• For every 1 ton of food scraps separated from the trash before it gets to the landfill, the equivalent of 6 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) is prevented from being released into the atmosphere
• Landfill (34 million tons annually)• Composting (less than 5%)• Incineration/Combustion (approx 8-10%)• Anaerobic Digestion
• In the U.S., more than 250 million tons of MSW was generated in 2008, of which over 135 million tons or 54% was put into landfills• Landfills are single largest source of methane gas in the U.S., which is 23 times more destructive as a greenhouse gas (GHG) than CO2• Landfills are also the most expensive way to dispose of food and other organic waste: dumpster rental, hauling costs, and tipping fees**tipping fees in the U.S. range between $40 – over $120/ton
• Food waste is the 2nd largest category of MSW sent to landfills, over 34 million tons annually
• Landfill space is limited, why waste that space with food waste and continue to harm our environment?• Diverting food waste from landfills not only conserves limited landfill space, but also helps to reduce GHG emissions• By putting food waste into a landfill, we are wasting a valuable resource. When properly processed; food scraps can generate renewable energy, enhance the soil as a fertilizer, and feed animals• Using food scraps as a resource rather than disposing of them in a landfill reflects a cradle-to-cradle closed loop approach
• Sustainable business practice• Reduces carbon footprint• Demonstrates environmental stewardship• Creates marketing value & customer loyalty• Potential Carbon Credits A Carbon Credit is a generic term meaning a value has been assigned to a reduction or offset of greenhouse gas emissions. One carbon credit is equal to one ton of carbon dioxide.
Compost is the product resulting from the controlledbiological decomposition of organic material that has beensanitized through the generation of heat and processed tofurther reduce pathogens
Heat CO2 Water Finished CompostOrganic Waste o2 o2 Compost Pile
• While composting is a nice alternative to sending food and other organic waste to landfills, it is not always practical• The time necessary to make usable, cured compost can vary from weeks to years depending on the method and size• Composting in conjunction with anaerobic digestion is an ideal solution• Composting food waste does not capture the full value of this energy source
Incineration is the thermal destruction of waste. Modernincineration systems use high temperatures, controlledair, and excellent mixing to change the chemical, physical,or biological character or composition of waste materials.
Advantages Disadvantages• Minimum land • Costly & financially risky requirement • Toxic air emissions:• Refuse volume reduced dioxins, furans, heavy by half metals (lead, mercury, etc…)
• More than 90% of materials currently disposed of in an incinerator can be reused• Recycling sustains more than 10 times more jobs per tonnage of waste than incineration and landfilling• Incinerators don’t necessarily eliminate waste, they change the form of it
Anaerobic Digestion: is a process wherebyorganic waste is broken down in a controlled, oxygenfree environment by bacteria naturally occurring inthe waste material. Methane rich biogas is produced,thus facilitating renewable energy generation. As aresult, materials that are currently going to landfillscan be utilized; natural methane emissions arereduced and conventional generation with itsassociated carbon emissions is displaced. Theresidual nutrient rich liquid and digestate is suitablefor use as fertilizer, reducing the need forartificial/synthetic fertilizers.•Another benefit of anaerobic digestion, in addition toenergy production, is that digesters require less spacethan many other large-scale composting methods,making them easier to locate in urban areas.
Garb-el Products Company is a family owned business that began inBuffalo, NY in 1950 manufacturing disposal units for the restaurant industry.While disposers were not a new idea, Garb-el took an innovative approach totheir design, introducing an auger feed disposal unit with a hammermillpulverizer. We have always been a pioneer in the industry and realized ourproduct line was a natural fit for supermarkets. Garb-el is celebrating 60 yearsof manufacturing safe, durable, economically efficient, and reliable equipment. We have established a reputation for quality, product innovation,design and value. Garb-el’s strong brand name and new product developmentcapabilities are unsurpassed in the industry. Our objective has always been toestablish Garb-el as the preeminent manufacturer of commercial organicrecycling equipment and feedstock grinders in the world. Garb-el is excitedabout its future and the challenges of meeting the needs of our customers in the21st century.
• At Garb-el, we offer more than a machine, weoffer a turnkey organic waste solution• Garb-el manufactures equipment capable ofhandling/processing in excess of 150 tons/day• Servicing customers with a network of over350 service agents nationwide
• Manufacturing the most energy efficient and economical equipment available• Collaborating with businesses and communities to reduce their carbon footprint on the environment• Environmental and social responsibility• Transporting/shipping products via alternatively fueled vehicles• Eliminating food scraps from landfills
Fish Cleaning GHV Stations Models 20,000th1950 Bedding Disposer 1972 1987 1994 Introduced Introduced Introduced Machine Sold! Sales Top $1 Service Agents Top 300 Inc. 1967 1985 Plant Expansion 1989 2008 MillionGarb-el Equipment:• Allows for output consistency control• Nema 4 watertight electrical control panel & controls (standard)• Proven hammermill pulverizer• Serviceable• Design allows for bulk disposing/processing• Energy efficient• Variable feed rate control• Ability to control particulate size
• Garb-el equipment is the most economical, efficient, convenient, and ecological means of organic waste processing available• Have a minimal environmental footprint - they are: durable, use minimal water, use energy efficient components, and require nominal maintenance• Garb-el machines are constructed of steel and can be recycled at the end of their life• Help harness a renewable energy source
• Divert food waste • Reduce truck traffic to from landfills landfills• Reduce greenhouse • Improve land use by gas emissions and reducing demand for carbon footprint landfill space• Fight climate change • Eliminate odors
• Connected to sanitary waste line• Connected to a holding/storage tank• Connected directly into anaerobic digestion process
ElectricityFood & Organic Waste Wastewater Treatment Plant Compressed Natural Gas Engine Or Methane & CO2 (Biogas) Waste Line -No particulate larger than approx ¼” in size (can Undigested bacteria free change mill screen size) solids (digestate after -Adjustable water flow anaerobic digestion) control (0 GPM to 10 GPM) -Handles most types of organic waste -Machines range in size from Soil Amendment or ¾ to 20 horsepower Liquid Fertilizer
Electricity HeatFood & Organic Waste Anaerobic Digester Compressed Natural Gas Engine Or Methane & CO2 (Biogas) Undigested bacteria free solids (digestate after Vac Truck anaerobic digestion) Holding/Storage Tank Soil Amendment or Liquid Fertilizer
Electricity Source Separated Compressed Food Waste Natural Gas AlternativeFueled Truck Engine Methane & CO2 (Biogas) Pulverized Waste Garb-el Soil Amendment or Liquid Fertilizer
• Garb-el organic waste grinders are not only environmentally responsible, but also pragmatic• When used in conjunction with anaerobic digestion, can help harness energy• Have a minimal environmental footprint• Additional benefits of food waste reduction include: improved sanitation and public safety and health for both your facility and community. Food waste dumped in standard trash cans and dumpsters in the back alley of a supermarket or restaurant can attract rodents, insects, and omit an offensive odor
Organic Waste Solutions• Waste audit• Site evaluation• Determine most cost effective & environmental organic landfill diversion option• Identify number of stores and territory to determine pickup schedule• Develop organic waste handling protocol• Training Program – one week prior to rollout, then as needed during service period
Continued Customer Support• Web-based tracking program• Reports• Scheduling• Tracks all material removed from site(s)• Shipping documents• Invoicing
James M. Carbone Jr.Garb - el Products Company 240 Michigan Street Lockport, NY 14094 p: (980) 218-9333 f: (716) 434-9148 email@example.com www.garb-el.com
• Environmental Protection Agency www.epa.gov• Institute for Local Self-Reliance, Washington, DC, 1997. www.ilsr.org/recycling• Platt, Brenda et al: Stop Trashing the Climate, ILSR, Eco-cycle & GAIA, June 2008.• Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) www.werf.org• US Composting Council www.compostingcouncil.org• Propane Education & Research Council www.propanecouncil.org/rd