Food scraps = 33 million tons Plastics = 28 million tons 2.1 million tons of plates, cups, glasses, hinged containers were landfilled and burned in the US of this, 900,000 tons were plastic, primarily polstyrene by moving toward reusable and compostable food service ware, we can help capture that 33 million tons of food scraps for composting.
Greg will draft
Greg will draft
No one model program. Here are common threads.
PAYT is the most effective way to reduce trash and increase recycling
Close to 70% diversion Special yellow trash bag 15 gal 75 cents 30 gal 1.50 cents In SF, 90% chose 32 gal trash, $23/month 64 gal is $46/month
Presentation for gan ltf 20130126
Moving Anne Arundel County towards Zero Waste Greg Smith Suchitra Balachandran Community Research January 26, 2013
Community Research is a Prince George’s County-basednonprofit that conducts public-interest research,education and advocacy on the environment, publichealth, sustainability, and other issues.We are working with Clean Water Action, the EnergyJustice Network, and the Institute for Local Self-Reliance to build a statewide campaign and alliance forzero firstname.lastname@example.org
What is “Zero Waste”?"Zero Waste is a goal that is ethical, economical, efficient andvisionary, to guide people in changing their lifestyles and practicesto emulate sustainable natural cycles, where all discarded materialsare designed to become resources for others to use.Zero Waste means designing and managing products and processesto systematically avoid and eliminate the volume and toxicity ofwaste and materials, conserve and recover all resources, and notburn or bury them.Implementing Zero Waste will eliminate all discharges to land,water or air that are a threat to planetary, human, animal or planthealth." -- Zero Waste International Alliance, November 2004.
Nuts and Bolts Definition of Zero WasteZero waste means that: For many jurisdictions, the final goal is to reduce landfilling and incineration to less than 10% of the waste produced. The amount of waste generated is systematically reduced. Nothing that can be recycled, reused or composted goes into a landfill or an incinerator. Green businesses are encouraged to mine resources from what would otherwise be wasted and destroyed through landfilling or incineration.
Alameda County Waste Management Authority &Alameda County Source Reduction and Recycling Board
Best Practices Study – Mecklenberg County, NC • Residential Curbside (City and County) • Residential Multi-family • Commercial/Industrial/Institutional • Construction and Demolition Waste • Schools • Event Recycling • Local Government In-house Recycling • Waste Prevention (Reduce, Reuse) • Litter
Which companies are interested?• Manufacture of rotary, in-vessel compost units in a range of sizes for commercial generators of organic wastes including animal manures – 30 jobs• Mattress and carpet materials recovery – 30 jobs• Electronic Scrap, hand dismantling and processing of electronic discards – 20 jobs• Industrial Rubber Compounds – 50-65 jobs• Topsoil and compost – 8 jobs• Anaerobic digestion – 8 jobs• Storage and resale of recovered building materials – 20 jobs• Glass processing, industrial grade glass products, container glass – 3 jobs Direct Jobs 200-300; Indirect Jobs 200-300 Alachua County collects about 200,000 tons of waste annually. It has about 250,000 residents and covers roughly 970 square miles
Safeco Field – Seattle Mariners Recycling rate increased from 17 to 80 percent Stadium has 17 trash cans, 200 recycle bins and 300 compost bins “All that’s left are potato chip bags, condiment containers and wrappers for licorice ropes.” Saved over $100,000 annually in landfill fees. Written up on ESPN websiteUnwasted: The Future of Business on Earth (http://sagebug.com/zerowaste/)
Ohio State Reported Achieving Zero Waste Last FallLast November 3, Ohio State University achieved zero waste at its Ohio Stadium – diverting a record 98.2%of its total generated waste. Total attendance was 105,311.At its, previous home game, on October 20, OSU diverted 94.4%. Thats everything from food scraps tocompostable packaging to recyclables.
Local Initiatives Not everything innovative and inspirational is happening somewhere else• Cheverly - household composting• University Park - food scrap collection• College Park - bulk waste pickup for reuse• Laurel – mandates residential recycling• University of Maryland - Sustainability Initiative• Community Forklift, Eco City Farms
U.S. municipal waste “disposed” 160.9 million tons in 2009 Source: US EPA, 2009 data (http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/msw99.htm)
What is in the waste that is landfilled?Prince George’s County tonnages based on Montgomery County’s 2008-2009 sort
Resources and Dollars LandfilledRecyclable Paper + Metals + Plastics = 192,000 tonsAt $6/ton MRF + $59/ton landfill cost = $12 millionCommodity Prices: $100/ton for paper $60-80/ton for metals $10-15/ton for plasticsFood Waste + Non-recyclable paper + yard waste = 145,000 tonsAt $20/ton for compost assuming 2:1 ratio of waste to compost and$59/ton landfill cost saved = $10 million
Problems with Burning and Burying• Both destroy valuable resources.• Both pollute air, land, water, people and other living things…. upstream and downstream.• Both destroy jobs and often export money from communities• Both increase emissions of greenhouse gases.• Both are subsidized at the expense of recycling, composting and clean renewable energy.• Both tend to be sited in communities with lower incomes, higher percentages of minorities or rural areas.
Even More Problems with Burning• Ton for ton, incineration is the most expensive waste “disposal” option.• Watt for watt, incineration is the most expensive way to generate electricity.• Watt for watt, burning trash emits more greenhouse gases and more of certain toxic air pollutants than burning coal.
Costs to Build, Operate and Maintain a 1500 Ton Per Day Trash Incinerator• Construction costs can exceed $1 billion to build, including interest on 30-year capital debt.• Gross operating and maintenance costs can approach $2 billion over 30 years.• Retrofits to meet new standards or simply to deal with wear and tear can be very expensive.
1,500 TPD recycling facility = $8 million investment Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Job Creation: Reclamation vs. Disposal Type of Operation Jobs/10,000 TPY Computer Reuse 296 Textile Reclamation 85 Misc. Durables Reuse 62 Wooden Pallet Repair 28 Recycling-Based Manufacturers 25 Conventional MRFs 10 Composting 4 Landfills and Incinerators 1MRF = materials recovery facility Institute for Local Self-RelianceTPY = tons per year
Key Steps to Zero Waste• Inform, Inspire, and Involve• Implement Pay-As-You-Throw trash fees• Accept many materials for recycling• Compost• Mandate recycling• Target all sectors• Augment curbside with drop-off• Market materials• Create green jobs by welcoming business that reuse, refurbish, upcycle, recycle and compost Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Policy Framework• Landfill bans of certain materials, e.g., yard waste• Recycling goals and requirements• Beverage container deposits• Recycled-content laws• Creative funding mechanisms• Buy recycled programs• Pay-as-you-throw trash fees• Product bans• Product fees• Extended producer responsibility (EPR) Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Prince George’s County’s Current Fee Structure Sends No Clear SignalCharges the same rate to all “single-family” households:Base Charge $33.52Recycling Charge $58.16Bulky Trash $20.94Garbage $234.33Typical Total $346.96Municipalities – solid waste charges are not broken out
EPA advocates PAYT for Environmental and Economic Sustainability and for Equity
Unit-based Pricing Sends a Clear Message Worcester, MA San Francisco, CA Population 173,000 Population 775,000 Unit based pricing (and better) is just a different way of paying for wasteSource: Kristen Brown, Green Waste Solutions, www.thewastesolution.com
Composting & Recycling Collection System Designed for High Diversion Recycled Paper Food Scraps 21% 20% Yard Trimmings 5%Glass and Plastic BottlesAluminum and Steel Cans 5% Compostable Paper 10% Construction and Demolition Waste 25% OtherCourtesy of City of San Francisco 15%
"If it cant be reduced, reused, repaired, rebuilt,refurbished, refinished, resold, recycled orcomposted, then it should be restricted,redesigned or removed from production." -- Berkeley Ecology Center