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The Metis
 

The Metis

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This lesson will follow the lesson on Aboriginal people in Canada. As usual we will go through it slide by slide together. Your homework is on the last slide.

This lesson will follow the lesson on Aboriginal people in Canada. As usual we will go through it slide by slide together. Your homework is on the last slide.

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    The Metis The Metis Presentation Transcript

    • The Métis and the Red Rebellion Lesson 2
    • Topics to be covered
      • The Métis people
      • The Red River Rebellion
      • Louis Riel
      • The Saskatchewan Rebellion
      • Big Bear
    • Métis
      • Métis are the children of an Aboriginal woman and a French male., mainly in Manitoba.
      • Often times the men would come over from France to work in the fur trade.
      • Being that they built relationships with the native people, they would sometimes marry native women, resulting in their Métis children.
    • The start of the Red Rebellion
      • The Métis who made up most of the Red River settlement were seeing it undergo much change and immigration.
      • The territory that had belonged to the Francophone Roman-Catholics was being taken by Protestants from Ontario as well as Americans, both of which were unwelcoming to the Métis culture.
      • Initially Red River settlement was part of Rupert’s Land, which was owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company.
      • In 1869, Canada bought the territory in order to prevent American expansion, thus the Métis became under the power of the Canadian government.
      • The Canadian government wasted no time in changing things in modern day Manitoba.
      • As the Métis had no clear claim to their land, the government divided the territory based on the townships system.
    • Louis Riel
      • With the townships system in place the Métis feared losing their farms and way of life.
      • The Canadian government then appointed William McDougall as Lieutenant Governor of the territory.
      • McDougall was known to be very anti-French, which caused more unrest among the Métis.
      • The Métis were not opposed to Canadian rule, they however wanted their terms to be heard and met.
      • They stopped McDougall from entering into the territory, forcing him back to Ottawa, leaving them free of Canadian rule.
      • They took Fort Garry and set up a provisional government with Louis Riel as secretary and later as President.
      • Louis Riel was a French Métis with a good education.
      • The rebels remained in control under the power of Riel throughout the winter of 1869-1870, but not without English attempts at seizing Fort Garry.
      • In the spring of 1870, negotiators were sent in. They were able to negotiate a deal that lead to the province of Manitoba.
      • Riel and his followers fled to the States for refuge.
      • The Manitoba Act allowed both French and English to be provincial languages as well as the two different religions.
    • North-West Rebellion
      • Louis Riel was called back to Canada by the Métis in Saskatchewan when they felt threatened by the building of the railroad and influx of English population.
      • On top of it the bison population that the Métis’ had depended on for survival was decreasing due to hunting by the Hudson’s Bay Company and the government.
    • Big Bear
      • It just so happened that the Cree’s of the Prairies were also suffering hardships.
      • They were also affected by the bison population, they also felt that the government was violating the terms of their treaties.
      • It is for this reason Big Bear, Chief of the Plains First Nation, emerged.
      • Big Bear embarked on a campaign hoping to renegotiate the terms of the treaties.
      • He was against using violence and even apologized and expressed his regrets for it, especially during the Frog Lake Massacre.
      • Riel was sentenced to death and hanged, whereas Big Bear was imprisoned after the surrender of both the Cree and Métis.
      • Shortly after the first election took place in the North-West Territory, now Saskatchewan.
    • Homework
      • Please research the many battles that occurred during the North-West Rebellion. Write a few sentences about each battle and what the result of them were. It is to be handed in at the beginning of next class for participation marks.