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Five Native American Tribes SOL USI.3b

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Virginia SOL USI.3b - Native American Tribes
Social Studies

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Five Native American Tribes SOL USI.3b

  1. 1. NativeNative AmericansAmericans SOL’s - USI.3a and 3bSOL’s - USI.3a and 3b
  2. 2. Native AmericansNative Americans  Prior to the arrival ofPrior to the arrival of Europeans, American IndiansEuropeans, American Indians (First Americans) were(First Americans) were dispersed across differentdispersed across different environments in Northenvironments in North America.America.
  3. 3. In which areas did the AmericanIn which areas did the American Indians ( First Americans) live?Indians ( First Americans) live? 1 2 43 5 Inuit Kwakiutl Pueblo Lakota Iroquois
  4. 4. Arctic Tribe:Arctic Tribe: InuitInuit Inhabited present-day AlaskaInhabited present-day Alaska and Northern Canadaand Northern Canada  Lived in Arctic areas whereLived in Arctic areas where the temperature is belowthe temperature is below freezing much of the year.freezing much of the year.  Housing:Housing: SodhouseSodhouse, Igloo, Igloo  Clothing: Animal SkinsClothing: Animal Skins  Food:Food: HuntingHunting andand FishingFishing Sodhouse
  5. 5. Pacific Northwest Tribe:Pacific Northwest Tribe: KwakiutlKwakiutl  The Kwakiutl inhabited theThe Kwakiutl inhabited the Pacific Northwest coast.Pacific Northwest coast.  Their climate consisted ofTheir climate consisted of rainy, mild weatherrainy, mild weather  Food:Food: FishingFishing (salmon)(salmon)  Recreation:Recreation: Totem polesTotem poles andand masksmasks  Values: Potlach CeremonyValues: Potlach Ceremony
  6. 6. SouthwestSouthwest Tribe:Tribe: PuebloPueblo  Inhabited Southwestern UnitedInhabited Southwestern United StatesStates  Lived in the areas now calledLived in the areas now called New Mexico and ArizonaNew Mexico and Arizona  Lived in desert areas, cliffsLived in desert areas, cliffs and mountainsand mountains  Housing:Housing: PueblosPueblos made ofmade of adobe (like apartments)adobe (like apartments)  Food:Food: FarmingFarming ((due todue to irrigationirrigation))  Recreation:Recreation: PotteryPottery,, WovenWoven BasketsBaskets  Values:Values: SnakeSnake andand RainRain CeremoniesCeremonies
  7. 7. Great Plains Tribe:Great Plains Tribe: LakotaLakota  Also sometimes called SiouxAlso sometimes called Sioux  Inhabited the Interior Regions of the United StatesInhabited the Interior Regions of the United States  Lived within the Great Plains where the climate wasLived within the Great Plains where the climate was made up of dry grasslandsmade up of dry grasslands  Housing:Housing: TipiTipi (poles and buffalo skins)(poles and buffalo skins)  Food:Food: HuntingHunting  Values: Dances to honorValues: Dances to honor NatureNature
  8. 8. Northeast Tribe:Northeast Tribe: IroquoisIroquois  Inhabited northeast NorthInhabited northeast North AmericaAmerica  Lived Eastern WoodlandsLived Eastern Woodlands which is heavily forestedwhich is heavily forested  Housing:Housing: LonghouseLonghouse fromfrom woodwood  Food:Food: HuntingHunting,, FishingFishing,, andand FarmingFarming  Values:Values: IroquoisIroquois LeagueLeague
  9. 9. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions 1.1. How Did Geography and Climate affect theHow Did Geography and Climate affect the way American Indian (First American)way American Indian (First American) groups met their basic needs?groups met their basic needs? 2.2. Why do we see such differences in theWhy do we see such differences in the lifestyles of the American Indian (Firstlifestyles of the American Indian (First American) tribes?American) tribes?
  10. 10. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions 1.1. How Did Geography and Climate affect theHow Did Geography and Climate affect the way American Indian (First American)way American Indian (First American) groups met their basic needs?groups met their basic needs? 2.2. Why do we see such differences in theWhy do we see such differences in the lifestyles of the American Indian (Firstlifestyles of the American Indian (First American) tribes?American) tribes?

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