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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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  • 1. Presentation at SF State University in Prof. George Lee's class on Int'l Business in China Oct 10, 2007
  • 2. One Laptop Per Child Sameer Verma, Ph.D. [email_address]
  • 3. Grown-ups, Take a Number <ul><li>Give 1, Get 1 </li></ul><ul><li>One donated in your name </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 12: + 2 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>25,000 units only </li></ul><ul><li>$399 </li></ul><ul><li>http://xogiving.org/ </li></ul>
  • 4. Outline Introduction Education Laptop FOSS
  • 5. Disclaimer <ul><li>I do not work for OLPC! </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiast/developer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interests: Translations, UI and networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive technology innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>education (the student-driven learning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware (why your laptop sucks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>software (power of FOSS at work) </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Somebody is finally thinking of the children!
  • 7. Education <ul><li>Its an education project, not a laptop project. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OLPC's Goal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves. </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. a different generation School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
  • 9. a different generation <ul><ul><li>-my compi! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mira Verma </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Building Content <ul><li>Constructionism is a philosophy of education in which children learn by doing and making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chat, record and see, music, write, read... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-toys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Build books with multimedia content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic books created and stored on the school server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Think Lego ® </li></ul>
  • 11. Learning outside the box <ul><li>With sufficient self-confidence, teachers can learn from children without risk of unraveling the fabric of education—quite the contrary, improving it. </li></ul><ul><li>Children must not only own the laptop, but take it home. In so doing the whole family will benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>The child is not the object of change but the agent of change. </li></ul>
  • 12. Sugar, because its sweet!
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Sugar <ul><li>Focus on activities, not applications </li></ul><ul><li>Interface – Sugar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GNOME based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Borders + center wheel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheel is also a metaphor for available resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Run your own Sugar environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/LiveCD </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Activities <ul><li>Write </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, but does it run Word? No! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XMPP (open standard) based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Browse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox/gecko + flash + AJAX </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stills and video </li></ul></ul>More activities... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Activities
  • 17. the XO laptop
  • 18. Laptop <ul><li>7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900 (200 dpi) </li></ul><ul><li>800x600 in grayscale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunlight readable! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wi-fi, USB(x3), mic, speakers, camera, SD </li></ul><ul><li>Screen rotates to tablet mode </li></ul><ul><li>Water resistant keyboard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>walk in the rain with it! </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. More laptop <ul><li>Laptop, turned on its head </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All electronics are in the upper section, except the keyboard. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to replace either component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry handle also acts as base stabilizer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wi-fi rabbit ears double up as latches and increase range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any 5 to 15 volt power supply will do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plugin charger, car battery, crank/yoyo power, solar panel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 20. Charge!
  • 21. Green <ul><li>Looks green, works green </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully recyclable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 year life span </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idle power consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop – 80 watts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laptop – 20 watts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OLPC – 1 watt </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 22. More green <ul><li>Power consumption at about 10% of typical laptop </li></ul><ul><li>The laptop lifetime is 5 years or 2.5 times longer than a typical laptop </li></ul><ul><li>Half the size and weight of a typical laptop </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: not a single XO laptop should end up in a landfill </li></ul>
  • 23. Power innovations <ul><li>Batteries that last 4x longer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO 4 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~10 hrs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Display refresh possible with board powered off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0.1 watt in grayscale (sunlight readable) mode </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. Mesh Networking <ul><li>Mesh does not require central hub-like infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless mesh works even when board powers off </li></ul>
  • 25. Look Ma! No moving parts! <ul><li>No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USB storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SD slot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only thing that moves is the screen when it swivels over to tablet mode. </li></ul><ul><li>AMD Geode processor runs cool. </li></ul>
  • 26. Linux in the box <ul><li>Custom Fedora based distro </li></ul><ul><li>GNOME-based </li></ul><ul><li>Ported applications must follow OLPC HCI guidelines </li></ul>
  • 27. Collaboration <ul><li>One of the tenets is to be as open as possible </li></ul><ul><li>World wide forum for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept, user requirements, ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design of hardware, software, networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development done in a “fish bowl” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing, debugging, pilot studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anybody can participate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meritocracy rules! </li></ul></ul>
  • 28. Economy of scale <ul><li>Mass production will reduce cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target $ 100, current $188 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sell directly to governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multiple of hundred thousands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure investment by governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>continued evolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the cost will go below $100 </li></ul>
  • 29. Economy of scope <ul><li>XO units for the US market </li></ul><ul><li>Run Sugar on a cheap PC </li></ul><ul><li>Other vendors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial naysayers: Intel, Microsoft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classmate PC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>small form factor (children), runs Windows XP, Linux </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$400? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eee pc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>small form factor (business), runs Linux </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$ 199? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 30. Free and Open Source <ul><li>FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project </li></ul><ul><li>No vendor lock-in on formats </li></ul><ul><li>No royalties on redistribution </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the first example of a software project that has forced hardware manufacturers to modify their way of business. </li></ul>
  • 31. FOSS: What does it mean? <ul><li>OLPC manifesto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_on_open_source_software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman's Four freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>The Open Source Definition </li></ul>
  • 32. Richard Stallman's Four Freedoms <ul><li>Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom 1: The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom 2: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits. </li></ul>
  • 33. The Open Source Definition <ul><li>1. Free Redistribution </li></ul><ul><li>2. Source Code </li></ul><ul><li>3. Derived Works </li></ul><ul><li>4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code </li></ul><ul><li>5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups </li></ul><ul><li>6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor </li></ul><ul><li>7. Distribution of License </li></ul><ul><li>8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product </li></ul><ul><li>9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software </li></ul><ul><li>10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral </li></ul>
  • 34. How can you help? <ul><li>Educators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Translators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Localization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Developer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Getting involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Getting_involved_in_OLPC </li></ul></ul>
  • 35. http://xogiving.org/

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