OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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  • 1. Presentation at SF State University in Prof. George Lee's class on Int'l Business in China Oct 10, 2007
  • 2. One Laptop Per Child Sameer Verma, Ph.D. [email_address]
  • 3. Grown-ups, Take a Number
    • Give 1, Get 1
    • One donated in your name
    • Nov 12: + 2 weeks
    • 25,000 units only
    • $399
    • http://xogiving.org/
  • 4. Outline Introduction Education Laptop FOSS
  • 5. Disclaimer
    • I do not work for OLPC!
    • Enthusiast/developer
      • Interests: Translations, UI and networking
    • OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive technology innovation
      • education (the student-driven learning)
      • hardware (why your laptop sucks)
      • software (power of FOSS at work)
  • 6. Somebody is finally thinking of the children!
  • 7. Education
    • Its an education project, not a laptop project.
      • Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC
    • OLPC's Goal:
      • To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves.
  • 8. a different generation School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
  • 9. a different generation
      • -my compi!
      • Mira Verma
  • 10. Building Content
    • Constructionism is a philosophy of education in which children learn by doing and making
      • Collaborative activities
        • chat, record and see, music, write, read...
      • E-toys
        • Build books with multimedia content
      • Electronic books created and stored on the school server
    • Think Lego ®
  • 11. Learning outside the box
    • With sufficient self-confidence, teachers can learn from children without risk of unraveling the fabric of education—quite the contrary, improving it.
    • Children must not only own the laptop, but take it home. In so doing the whole family will benefit.
    • The child is not the object of change but the agent of change.
  • 12. Sugar, because its sweet!
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Sugar
    • Focus on activities, not applications
    • Interface – Sugar
      • GNOME based
    • Borders + center wheel
      • Wheel is also a metaphor for available resources
    • Run your own Sugar environment
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/LiveCD
  • 16. Activities
    • Write
      • Yes, but does it run Word? No!
    • Chat
      • XMPP (open standard) based
    • Browse
      • Firefox/gecko + flash + AJAX
    • Record
      • stills and video
    More activities... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Activities
  • 17. the XO laptop
  • 18. Laptop
    • 7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900 (200 dpi)
    • 800x600 in grayscale
      • Sunlight readable!
    • Wi-fi, USB(x3), mic, speakers, camera, SD
    • Screen rotates to tablet mode
    • Water resistant keyboard
      • walk in the rain with it!
  • 19. More laptop
    • Laptop, turned on its head
      • All electronics are in the upper section, except the keyboard.
      • Easy to replace either component
      • Carry handle also acts as base stabilizer
      • Wi-fi rabbit ears double up as latches and increase range
      • Any 5 to 15 volt power supply will do
        • plugin charger, car battery, crank/yoyo power, solar panel
  • 20. Charge!
  • 21. Green
    • Looks green, works green
      • Fully recyclable
        • 5 year life span
      • Idle power consumption
        • Desktop – 80 watts
        • Laptop – 20 watts
        • OLPC – 1 watt
  • 22. More green
    • Power consumption at about 10% of typical laptop
    • The laptop lifetime is 5 years or 2.5 times longer than a typical laptop
    • Half the size and weight of a typical laptop
    • Goal: not a single XO laptop should end up in a landfill
  • 23. Power innovations
    • Batteries that last 4x longer
      • Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO 4 )
      • Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~10 hrs
    • Display refresh possible with board powered off
      • 0.1 watt in grayscale (sunlight readable) mode
  • 24. Mesh Networking
    • Mesh does not require central hub-like infrastructure
    • Wireless mesh works even when board powers off
  • 25. Look Ma! No moving parts!
    • No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins.
      • 1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM
      • USB storage
      • SD slot
    • Only thing that moves is the screen when it swivels over to tablet mode.
    • AMD Geode processor runs cool.
  • 26. Linux in the box
    • Custom Fedora based distro
    • GNOME-based
    • Ported applications must follow OLPC HCI guidelines
  • 27. Collaboration
    • One of the tenets is to be as open as possible
    • World wide forum for:
      • Concept, user requirements, ideas
      • Design of hardware, software, networks
      • Development done in a “fish bowl”
      • Testing, debugging, pilot studies
    • Anybody can participate
      • Meritocracy rules!
  • 28. Economy of scale
    • Mass production will reduce cost
      • Target $ 100, current $188
    • Sell directly to governments
      • multiple of hundred thousands
    • Infrastructure investment by governments
      • commitment
      • continued evolution
    • Perhaps the cost will go below $100
  • 29. Economy of scope
    • XO units for the US market
    • Run Sugar on a cheap PC
    • Other vendors
      • Initial naysayers: Intel, Microsoft
        • Classmate PC
          • small form factor (children), runs Windows XP, Linux
          • $400?
      • ASUS
        • Eee pc
          • small form factor (business), runs Linux
          • $ 199?
  • 30. Free and Open Source
    • FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project
    • No vendor lock-in on formats
    • No royalties on redistribution
    • Perhaps the first example of a software project that has forced hardware manufacturers to modify their way of business.
  • 31. FOSS: What does it mean?
    • OLPC manifesto
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_on_open_source_software
    • Richard Stallman's Four freedoms
    • The Open Source Definition
  • 32. Richard Stallman's Four Freedoms
    • Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.
    • Freedom 1: The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs.
    • Freedom 2: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
    • Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  • 33. The Open Source Definition
    • 1. Free Redistribution
    • 2. Source Code
    • 3. Derived Works
    • 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
    • 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
    • 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor
    • 7. Distribution of License
    • 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
    • 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
    • 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 34. How can you help?
    • Educators
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators
    • Translators
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Localization
    • Developers
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Developer
    • Getting involved
      • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Getting_involved_in_OLPC
  • 35. http://xogiving.org/