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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business
 

OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business

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    OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business OLPC presentation to a course on Int'l Business Presentation Transcript

    • Presentation at SF State University in Prof. George Lee's class on Int'l Business in China Oct 10, 2007
    • One Laptop Per Child Sameer Verma, Ph.D. [email_address]
    • Grown-ups, Take a Number
      • Give 1, Get 1
      • One donated in your name
      • Nov 12: + 2 weeks
      • 25,000 units only
      • $399
      • http://xogiving.org/
    • Outline Introduction Education Laptop FOSS
    • Disclaimer
      • I do not work for OLPC!
      • Enthusiast/developer
        • Interests: Translations, UI and networking
      • OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive technology innovation
        • education (the student-driven learning)
        • hardware (why your laptop sucks)
        • software (power of FOSS at work)
    • Somebody is finally thinking of the children!
    • Education
      • Its an education project, not a laptop project.
        • Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC
      • OLPC's Goal:
        • To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves.
    • a different generation School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
    • a different generation
        • -my compi!
        • Mira Verma
    • Building Content
      • Constructionism is a philosophy of education in which children learn by doing and making
        • Collaborative activities
          • chat, record and see, music, write, read...
        • E-toys
          • Build books with multimedia content
        • Electronic books created and stored on the school server
      • Think Lego ®
    • Learning outside the box
      • With sufficient self-confidence, teachers can learn from children without risk of unraveling the fabric of education—quite the contrary, improving it.
      • Children must not only own the laptop, but take it home. In so doing the whole family will benefit.
      • The child is not the object of change but the agent of change.
    • Sugar, because its sweet!
    •  
    •  
    • Sugar
      • Focus on activities, not applications
      • Interface – Sugar
        • GNOME based
      • Borders + center wheel
        • Wheel is also a metaphor for available resources
      • Run your own Sugar environment
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/LiveCD
    • Activities
      • Write
        • Yes, but does it run Word? No!
      • Chat
        • XMPP (open standard) based
      • Browse
        • Firefox/gecko + flash + AJAX
      • Record
        • stills and video
      More activities... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Activities
    • the XO laptop
    • Laptop
      • 7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900 (200 dpi)
      • 800x600 in grayscale
        • Sunlight readable!
      • Wi-fi, USB(x3), mic, speakers, camera, SD
      • Screen rotates to tablet mode
      • Water resistant keyboard
        • walk in the rain with it!
    • More laptop
      • Laptop, turned on its head
        • All electronics are in the upper section, except the keyboard.
        • Easy to replace either component
        • Carry handle also acts as base stabilizer
        • Wi-fi rabbit ears double up as latches and increase range
        • Any 5 to 15 volt power supply will do
          • plugin charger, car battery, crank/yoyo power, solar panel
    • Charge!
    • Green
      • Looks green, works green
        • Fully recyclable
          • 5 year life span
        • Idle power consumption
          • Desktop – 80 watts
          • Laptop – 20 watts
          • OLPC – 1 watt
    • More green
      • Power consumption at about 10% of typical laptop
      • The laptop lifetime is 5 years or 2.5 times longer than a typical laptop
      • Half the size and weight of a typical laptop
      • Goal: not a single XO laptop should end up in a landfill
    • Power innovations
      • Batteries that last 4x longer
        • Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO 4 )
        • Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~10 hrs
      • Display refresh possible with board powered off
        • 0.1 watt in grayscale (sunlight readable) mode
    • Mesh Networking
      • Mesh does not require central hub-like infrastructure
      • Wireless mesh works even when board powers off
    • Look Ma! No moving parts!
      • No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins.
        • 1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM
        • USB storage
        • SD slot
      • Only thing that moves is the screen when it swivels over to tablet mode.
      • AMD Geode processor runs cool.
    • Linux in the box
      • Custom Fedora based distro
      • GNOME-based
      • Ported applications must follow OLPC HCI guidelines
    • Collaboration
      • One of the tenets is to be as open as possible
      • World wide forum for:
        • Concept, user requirements, ideas
        • Design of hardware, software, networks
        • Development done in a “fish bowl”
        • Testing, debugging, pilot studies
      • Anybody can participate
        • Meritocracy rules!
    • Economy of scale
      • Mass production will reduce cost
        • Target $ 100, current $188
      • Sell directly to governments
        • multiple of hundred thousands
      • Infrastructure investment by governments
        • commitment
        • continued evolution
      • Perhaps the cost will go below $100
    • Economy of scope
      • XO units for the US market
      • Run Sugar on a cheap PC
      • Other vendors
        • Initial naysayers: Intel, Microsoft
          • Classmate PC
            • small form factor (children), runs Windows XP, Linux
            • $400?
        • ASUS
          • Eee pc
            • small form factor (business), runs Linux
            • $ 199?
    • Free and Open Source
      • FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project
      • No vendor lock-in on formats
      • No royalties on redistribution
      • Perhaps the first example of a software project that has forced hardware manufacturers to modify their way of business.
    • FOSS: What does it mean?
      • OLPC manifesto
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_on_open_source_software
      • Richard Stallman's Four freedoms
      • The Open Source Definition
    • Richard Stallman's Four Freedoms
      • Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.
      • Freedom 1: The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs.
      • Freedom 2: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
      • Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
    • The Open Source Definition
      • 1. Free Redistribution
      • 2. Source Code
      • 3. Derived Works
      • 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
      • 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
      • 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor
      • 7. Distribution of License
      • 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
      • 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
      • 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
    • How can you help?
      • Educators
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators
      • Translators
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Localization
      • Developers
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Developer
      • Getting involved
        • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Getting_involved_in_OLPC
    • http://xogiving.org/