One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)




                     Presenter: José de Leon
     K Linux User Group (K-LUG), Rochester, M...
One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)
● OLPC was founded 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte
  with a core of veterans from MIT Media Lab
● ...
Long-term Goal
●   “It's an education project, not a laptop project.” —
    Nicholas Negroponte
●   “To provide children a...
Where The OLPC Contributes
●   Most of the nearly two billion children in the
    developing world are inadequately educat...
OLPC Requirements
●   Low-cost
    –   Affordable final cost for educators in developing
        nations
    –   Facilitat...
OLPC Features
●   Specifications:
    –   AMD Geode LX-700 CPU, 433 MHz
    –   256 MB RAM, 1 GB flash for mass storage
● ...
OLPC Features
●   Built-in USB, SD card ports, microphone and
    headphone jacks
●   Rotating swivel screen so that the u...
OLPC Features
●   Low power consumption makes the unit the
    current “Greenest PC in the world”
●   Rugged plastic case ...
Most Frequently Asked Question
               “Where's the Crank?”




●   Part of early prototypes
●   Found that it was ...
OLPC Features (Software)
●   Built upon open-source software
●   Linux 2.6.22 Kernel
●   Sugar User environment (the GUI r...
OLPC Applications
●   Mozilla Gecko-based web browser (Javascript,
    Java VM, Flash (via Gnash))
●   Supports applicatio...
OLPC Applications
●   Simple word-processor, RSS reader, peer-to-peer
    chat, Frequency Analyzer (Measure, thru the mic
...
Next Steps of Action
●   Ways To Give:
    http://www.laptopfoundation.org/en/participate/
    –   Contributing cash direc...
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One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) KLUG Presentation

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One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) Presentation for Rochester (Minnesota) "K" Linux User Group (KLUG)

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One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) KLUG Presentation

  1. 1. One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) Presenter: José de Leon K Linux User Group (K-LUG), Rochester, Minnesota, USA 8 April, 2008
  2. 2. One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) ● OLPC was founded 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte with a core of veterans from MIT Media Lab ● Expanded to include a wide range of people from academia, industry, the arts, business, and the open-source community ● Board of directors includes corporate partners AMD, eBay, Google, Nortel, News Corp., Red Hat ● Grown out of earlier projects providing computers to schoolchildren in developing nations (laptops in Cambodia, 2002; Apple IIs in Senegal, 1982)
  3. 3. Long-term Goal ● “It's an education project, not a laptop project.” — Nicholas Negroponte ● “To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves.”
  4. 4. Where The OLPC Contributes ● Most of the nearly two billion children in the developing world are inadequately educated, or receive no education at all ● Many resources allocated to basic infrastructure: building schools, hiring teachers, buying books and equipment ● Lacks the tools to compete in a rapidly evolving, global information economy ● OLPC proposes to bring computers into the scope of infrastructure
  5. 5. OLPC Requirements ● Low-cost – Affordable final cost for educators in developing nations – Facilitate large-scale production and inexpensive maintenance of the devices ● Design for the World – To be handled by children, often with limited language skills – Remote environments with limited connectivity options – Low-power environments
  6. 6. OLPC Features ● Specifications: – AMD Geode LX-700 CPU, 433 MHz – 256 MB RAM, 1 GB flash for mass storage ● Extremely low power architecture – 7.5 in. LCD display, two viewing modes: ● grayscale for outdoor use (1200x900, 200 DPI resolution, 0.1-0.2 W consumption) ● color backlight for indoor use (800x600, 0.2-1.0 W) – No rotating media ● Networking – Integrated wireless 802.11b/g; 802.11s (peer-to-peer Mesh)
  7. 7. OLPC Features ● Built-in USB, SD card ports, microphone and headphone jacks ● Rotating swivel screen so that the unit can be used as an e-book reader ● Few moving parts and low number of low-cost components to make replacement and repair easier
  8. 8. OLPC Features ● Low power consumption makes the unit the current “Greenest PC in the world” ● Rugged plastic case designed to be handled by children ● Keyboard designed for the smaller hands of a child – Overlay replaceable for different languages ● “Toy” design intended to discourage theft
  9. 9. Most Frequently Asked Question “Where's the Crank?” ● Part of early prototypes ● Found that it was easy to break off ● Alternative powering schemes are being explored, including solar power
  10. 10. OLPC Features (Software) ● Built upon open-source software ● Linux 2.6.22 Kernel ● Sugar User environment (the GUI re-conceived) – written in Python, on top of X and Matchbox WM – “Zooming” interface to network connectivity “spheres” (local, collaborators, neighborhood) – Journal interface to storage of events, activities, objects (files)
  11. 11. OLPC Applications ● Mozilla Gecko-based web browser (Javascript, Java VM, Flash (via Gnash)) ● Supports application programming in multiple languages (Python, Squeak Smalltalk) – Applications are called “Activities” ● Multimedia playback including MPEG, MP3, OGG
  12. 12. OLPC Applications ● Simple word-processor, RSS reader, peer-to-peer chat, Frequency Analyzer (Measure, thru the mic port), simple Python IDE (Pippy) ● Content Creation Activities: – TamTam music composition, Record (video/audio), Etoys (Smalltalk based applications/presentations) ● The OS is Linux – Traditional Linux apps can run on the OLPC: ● Apache, Drupal, MySQL
  13. 13. Next Steps of Action ● Ways To Give: http://www.laptopfoundation.org/en/participate/ – Contributing cash directly (501c3 charity) – Giving a laptop to a child in the developing world – Volunteering in the project (http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Participate) ● Find Out More: ● http://wiki.laptop.org/ ● http://wiki.laptop.org/ ● http://www.olpcnews.com/

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