Meier and Moorefield-Lang: Integrating iPads and Tablets into Library Services, Part 1


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Meier and Moorefield-Lang: Integrating iPads and Tablets into Library Services, Part 1

  1. 1. Heather Moorefield-Lang, and Carolyn Meier February 13, 2014
  2. 2. Overview of Workshop, Part I February 13, 2014         Welcome and overview of Webex Introductions of presenters Tablets: A History? Why tablets? Tablet comparisons Case studies of Tablets in Practice Questions Preview of next week
  3. 3. Introductions Carolyn Meier Heather Moorefield-Lang
  4. 4. Quick Poll! Why are you participating in today’s workshop? A. B. C. D. E. My library is interested in starting or improving our tablet program Personal interest in tablets I own a tablet—what do I do with it?! My boss made me do this All of the above!
  5. 5. Integrating iPads & Tablets  What types of libraries are integrating iPads and other tablet computers?  This webinar will touch on the use of tablets in academic, public, and school libraries.  Many thanks to our friends in different libraries all over the country who have shared their stories with us!  Follow us and information about our Tablet Projects as a follow up for this webinar at our Tumblr:
  6. 6. Tablets: What Are They? • Tablets are not a new technology • The term ―tablet‖ is a bit loaded, since it evokes recent machines (tablet PC) to bear this name, which were really convertible laptops • In this presentation, we will use the term ―tablet‖ or ―slate‖ to refer to the most recent generation of tablet computers, often exemplified by Apple’s iPad Image shared by Anandbadsu via a CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 license • Let’s review the evolution of tablet computers…
  7. 7. How Far Back do You Want To Go?
  8. 8. Rosetta Stone Image Courtesy of
  9. 9. Okay that may be too old
  10. 10. The Telautograph Patented in 1888, the telautograph, is considered the precursor to the fax machine and to the modern tablet computer. The machine uses an electrical stylus-type device to create handwritten messages that can be sent from one station to another.
  11. 11. The Dynabook Conceptualized by computer scientist Alan Kay in 1968, the Dynabook was intended to be an educational tool to be used by children. Interestingly, Kay, who is involved with One Laptop per Child, has inspired the development of an under$100 OLPC tablet, the XO-3: Image from Visit One Laptop per Child for more information:
  12. 12. The Apple Bashful In 1983, Apple dreamed up the Bashful, an early tablet-like computer that never made it to the market. The photos of these prototypes were only revealed in 2011, after Apple’s actual success with a tablet product! Image from
  13. 13. The GRiDPad In 1988, the GRiDPad was released. The touchscreen worked on a handwritingrecognition system that was used in Palm devices. Palm Computing was later founded by the GRiDPad’s creator, Jeff Hawkins. A GRiDPad cost $2,370, and was mainly used by professionals in healthcare and law enforcement. Image from
  14. 14. The Apple Newton The Apple Newton , although it may look like a precursor to the iPad, was actually one of the first personal digital assistants (PDA) on the market. That term—personal digital assistant—was actually coined by Apple’s CEO (at the time) John Sculley. The Apple Newton was 4.5 X 7 in., and weighed nearly a pound.
  15. 15. The MS Tablet PC The MS Tablet PC, like the one pictured here, started shipping in 2002. This is the image that many think of when they hear the term ―tablet computer.‖ Really, it’s simply a laptop with a swivel screen. These machines ran Windows XP Tablet PC edition, and included penenabled, handwriting-enabled, and speech-enabled applications. This sort of ―tablet‖ computer never gained much of the market share, and
  16. 16. The iPad 2010: Steve Jobs unveils the new ―touchscreen tablet‖ that renews the way that consumers view and use ―tablet‖ computers. Image from While the first generation iPad had a few issues--no camera and no multitasking--the iPad re-envisioned personal computing, and led to the boom in touchscreen tablets that we currently see.
  17. 17. Why Tablets?  Tablets usher in the ―post-PC‖ or ―PC plus‖ era        Flexible Portable Intuitive/easy Range of sizes Touch technology Apps and other content But, is there more? Particularly, for libraries?
  18. 18. Something to Think On Its not about the Device its about… The Teaching/Instruction  The Conversation  The Apps  What you can do with it! 
  19. 19. Tablets in 2014  Tablets are evolving nearly faster than we can keep up with!  In the third quarter of 2012, 25% of all computers sold were tablets. The same market research firm (IDC) also confirmed a 75.3% increase in tablet sales compared with the same time period of 2011.  Pew Internet & American Life Project keeps tabs on gadget ownership growth…
  20. 20. Retrieved from:
  21. 21. Quick poll! What do you own or use? iPad B. Android Tablet C. Microsoft Tablet D. Dedicated E-reader E. Tablet AND dedicated E-reader F. None of the above A.
  22. 22. 2011 vs 2014 Comparison Retrieved from:
  23. 23. Who Owns Tablets Retrieved from:
  24. 24. E-readers and Tablets Retrieved from:
  25. 25. 2013 Tablet Market Retrieved from:
  26. 26. Glimpse of the Future Retrieved from:
  27. 27. Investing in a Tablet  New technologies are big investments in money, time, and other resources  Before deciding to make this investment, ask a few questions:  What can the tablet(s) do that other technologies (e.g., e     readers, netbooks) cannot? Who will be using the tablet(s)? How will users be using the tablet(s)? Where will users be using the tablet(s)? Who will support and maintain the tablet(s)? Is there an interest in continuing to explore the possibilities of tablets? Who will stay up to date on updates, etc.?
  28. 28. Why and how do people use tablets? Retrieved from:
  29. 29. Comparisons
  30. 30. Operating Systems Currently, three main (competing) operating systems: • iOS 7.1 (update released February 2014) • Android 4.4 (Kit Kat, update released February 2014) • Windows 8.1 (release March, 2014)
  31. 31. Range of Specs Display: 7‖ – 12.2‖  Price: $150 - $1000  Connectivity: Wi-Fi only, Wi-Fi + cellular (3G/4G)  Features: Cameras, microphones, USB ports, accessories  Storage: 8GB - 128 GB  Apps: App Store, Google Play, Windows Store 
  32. 32. Current Brands           Acer Amazon Apple Archos Asus Barnes & Noble Blackberry Coby Google Lenovo • • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Motorola Pandigital Pantech Samsung Sony T-Mobile Toshiba Velocity Micro ZTE
  33. 33. iPad Images from
  34. 34. Samsung Galaxy Tab Galaxy Tab 3 8.0 Inch Galaxy Tab 2 10.1 inch Galaxy Tab 2 7.0 inch Images from:
  35. 35. Microsoft Surface Pro Surface Surface 2 Images from: Surface Pro 2
  36. 36. Google Nexus Nexus 7 Nexus 10 Image from:
  37. 37. Kindle Fire HDX Image from: S/ref=fs_ta
  38. 38. Tablet Price Display/ weight Storage Connectivity Battery Life Features Apps iPad $399$529 9.5 in. / 1.33 lbs. 16/GB Wi-Fi 9/10 hrs. Cameras (2) Video Rec. Speaker/Mic Over 475,000 des. apps for iPad in Apple App Store 9/10 hrs. Cameras (2) Video Rec. Audio/Mic Apple App Store 9/10 hrs. Cameras (2) Video Rec. Audio/Mic Retina Display Apple App Store 9 hrs. Cameras Video Rec. Audio/Mic. 700,000+ in Google Play Wi-Fi 9.5 hrs. Google Play Wi-Fi + mobile 9 hrs. Camera Micropphone Gyroscope Wi-Fi + cellular iPad Mini $299$829 7.9 in./ 0.68 lbs. 16/32/64/128 GB Wi-Fi Wi-Fi + cellular iPad Air $499-929 9.5 in./1 pound 16/32/64/128 GB Wi-Fi Wi-Fi + cellular Samsung Galaxy Tab $199$800 7.0 in./ 0.85 lbs. 16/32/64 GB Wi-Fi Wi-Fi + cellular 10.1 in./ 1.25 lbs. Google Nexus $199$499 7.0 in./0.75 lbs. 16/32 GB 10.0 in./1.3 lbs. Windows Surface (RT and Pro) Tablet $499$999 10.6 in./1.5 and 2.0 lbs. 32/64/128 GB Wi-Fi only 10 hrs USB ports Cameras Video/audio 30,000+ apps in Windows Store Kindle Fire HDX $229$379 7.3 in./0.87 lbs 16/32/64 GB Wi-Fi only 11 hrs. USB ports Audio Google Play
  39. 39. Quick Poll! What sort of trends do you see in your library? A. B. C. D. More patrons or students with tablets More patrons or students with ereaders Patrons seem to use tablets and ereaders about equally I’m not sure yet
  40. 40. Practical Applications/Case Studies
  41. 41. The Way it Was Courtesy of
  42. 42. The Way it Is Image courtesy of Montlieu Academy of Technology
  43. 43. The Way it Could Be Google Glass Hologram Projector Flexible Tablet Large Interactive Touch Screen
  44. 44. L.E. Phillips Memorial Public Library Eau Claire, Wisconsin
  45. 45. Program specifics   iPad program launched on September 21, 2011 Funding  $50,000 grant from the Presto Foundation  To provide tools to address accessibility issues, and to help the community be able to explore new technologies  Program basics (at the start):  Circulating 32 iPad1 devices, 6 for in-house use  64 GB, Wi-Fi only  7-day loan period  Content:  1000 public domain e-books  10 audiobooks (because of space and restoration time)  Free apps and shortcuts (to avoid legal issues)
  46. 46. L.E. Phillips Memorial iPad Webpage • • Available through grant funding Content loaded onto each device Marketing & Media Help guides User agreements Non-Flash tutorials
  47. 47. iPad Catalog Record (10/2011) 10/3/2011 12 days in, the iPad circulation program is extremely popular
  48. 48. iPad Catalog Record (3/2012) 3/3/2012 5 months later, popularity remains
  49. 49. iPad Catalog Record (3/2013) Popularity waning a bit, for a number of reasons…
  50. 50. iPad Catalog Record (1/2014) Three years later they are still continuously checked out.
  51. 51. User Survey Available:
  52. 52. Media Coverage
  53. 53. Lessons from Phillips Memorial       Be proactive and anticipatory when coming up with policies and help documentation When you have many tablets (e.g., 32), don’t circulate them all at once; instead, allow staff to become familiar with the checkout procedure by releasing a few at a time Lend the devices out to staff first, so the staff can become familiar with them Seriously consider the content that you place on the device—how much space is there? What’s legal? Make sure that the library website, and help documents, are tablet friendly: mobile, and not Flash-based. Assess the entire program from day one!
  54. 54. Charlottesville Schools Charlottesville, VA
  55. 55. Devices Fujitsu 580 Tablets (Lifebook)  Windows 7  Full Computer in a Tablet form  Every student 6-12 grade in the school system  Image courtesy of
  56. 56. Strategic Plan Started planning in 2009  Decided to adopt tablets instead of textbooks.  Had two committees textbook and tablets  Teachers received tablets in Summer, 2011 for training  Students received tablets in December, 2011 
  57. 57. How Are They Used?    Physics: Doing experiments: Probes attached to tablets Library: When French delegation was visiting, students and librarian were researching Government: Polling    Math: Handwriting features Music: All types of music apps. Vocal parts on the tablets. Courses for virtual high school
  58. 58. Challenges Earthquake in Japan set orders back. Always have a back up plan.  Set your deadline out. If you think it will arrive in December tell everyone it will be January just to be safe.  Gain additional funding if you can.  Internet access for all students. 
  59. 59. Montlieu Academy of Technology High Point, NC
  60. 60. Image courtesy of Montlieu Academy of Technolog
  61. 61. Grant Montlieu: Given half a million dollars for all of their students, approximately 430 students, to have an iPad  They stay at school. But next year 4th and 5th will get to take them home  Teachers each got an iPad and a Mac Book Pro as well as cart for charging  Tech Person hired for training 
  62. 62. Image courtesy of Montlieu Academy of Technology
  63. 63. Examples    Facetime to read books from another room Facetime to speak to class when teacher is not at school that day Digital pen pals using Facetime with other schools across the country or world    Letters Learning for Letters Doodle Buddy for letters Take screenshots of work to show parents for parent/teacher conferences
  64. 64. Apps & Content     Rocket Math for math skills Communication by e-mail for parents. Concept mapping tools Puppet Pals for StoryTelling    Cutting and pasting skills Safari/Internet searching skills Parents are learning too from their children
  65. 65. For Teachers Meet every quarter and share apps. Have to ―sell‖ your app. The best apps get purchased for the educators.  Teacher Pal: Seating arrangements, picture of the child, information on each child. Very useful for substitutes.  Differentiated instruction for the children. 21st Century learning skills and Technology skills for the teachers. 
  66. 66. Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA Newman Library
  67. 67. iPad Tours Ten iPads that can be checked out at the library circulation desk for library tours  Screencasts on each section of the library  Numbered QR codes linked to screencasts  QR codes are scannable  iPad scans code and tells student about that part of the library  Beautiful in its simplicity 
  68. 68. Set Up Initial tours done in other universities relied on student’s personal devices to scan the QR codes  When iPad 1 came out we waited for 2 because a camera would be on it.  Tour has become very popular. Students like being able to tour at their convenience 
  69. 69. University of Southern Mississippi Hattiesburg, MS Image courtesy of
  70. 70. “Tablets are like the Swiss Army Knife to academic excellence” --statement from former Chief Information Officer for The University of Southern Mississippi. 700 Samsung Galaxy tablets  1 For every Honors College and McNair Student at Southern Miss  Received as Freshmen/Sophomores continue through college using them for their senior thesis 
  71. 71. Uses Course Projects  Videos (Flipped Classroom)  Access Readings  Distribute Presentations to Students  Student email   Different professors are using them at different levels depending on comfort
  72. 72. Cautionary Tale       University did not have everything planned for tablet project Logistics were determined later Students thought they were getting to keep tablets initially Grant funded project, this was not the case Tablets were not bar coded initially, had to be recalled and catalogued. Have a plan going in
  73. 73. Prepare for Next Week:  If you have questions that we didn’t answer this time, email Heather before next Thursday (2/20):  We will post our app guide before next week:
  74. 74. Next Week, We Will Discuss Your questions  Setting up tablet programs  Roving Reference  Setting up training programs  Recommended apps useful in all library environments  Strategies for staying up to date with technology 
  75. 75. References: Part I           Acer Inc. (2011). Iconia Tab. Retrieved from (2014). Kindle Fire. Retrieved from Apple Inc. (2014). iPad Technical Specifications. Retrieved from Bensinger, G. (2013, January 4). The e-reader revolution: Over just as it has begun? The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Consumer Reports. (2013, January). Hot new tablets: Three recent arrivals are welcome additions to the market. Consumer Reports, 78(1), 20-22 Consume Reports (2013, January). Quick guide: Computers, tablet. Consumer Reports 2013 Buyers Guide, 31-34. Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Cummins, M., Estrada, V., Freeman, A., and Ludgate, H. (2013). Tablet computing. In NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition (p. 15-19). Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. Retrieved from: Johnson, S. (2013, January). Tablet sales hit record in fourth quarter last year. Retrieved from King, Rachel. (2012, February 23). Apple no. 1 in mobile-PC market share worldwide. CNET. Retrieved from
  76. 76. References: Part I         Mitchell, A., Rosenstiel, T., Santhanam, L. H. and Christian, L. (2012, October 1). Future of mobile news. Retrieved from Nielsen News. (2011, May 5). Connected devices: How we use tablets in the U.S. Retrieved from Pew Internet & American Life Project. (2014, January). Tablet and ereader ownership. Retrieved from Samsung Electronics Co. (2011). Samsung Galaxy Tab. Retrieved from Steele, C. (2011, August 7). History of the tablet. Retrieved from Tablet computers (cover story). (2011, December). Consumer Reports, 76(12), 26. Turner, A. (2011, January 28). Houston libraries want preschoolers to check out iPads. Houston Chronicle website. Retrieved from Wang, M. and Tsai, J. (2013, January 23). Apple to see tablet market share dip in 1H13. DigiTimes. Retrieved from
  77. 77. Credits & thanks: Part I         Susan Asselin, Professor & Dept. Chair, Teaching and Learning, Virginia Tech Rick Barrow, Project Associate, VA Assistive Technology System, Virginia Tech Department of Assessment & Library Access Services, University Libraries, Virginia Tech Ross Edmonds, Web Designer & Software Manager, University Libraries, Virginia Tech Neal Henshaw, Classroom Manager, University Libraries, Virginia Tech Lesley Moyo, Director for Library Research & Instructional Services, University Libraries, Virginia Tech Stephen Rechtman, PC Hardware/Software Support Analyst, University Libraries, Virginia Tech John Stoneberg (and staff), Library Director, L.E. Phillips Memorial Public Library