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Ubuntulive Case Studies Panel

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Ubuntulive Case Studies Panel

  1. 1. Ubuntu in the Academic Context <ul><li>Dr. Sameer Verma, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Information Systems Department </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco State University </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco, CA 94132 USA </li></ul>Ubuntu in Education: Case Studies Panel
  2. 2. About Me <ul><ul><li>teach: those of us who can't do... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research: diffusion and adoption (open source, mobility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fun: ubuntu, maemo/nokia770, olpc, mythtv, nocat... </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Courses I Teach <ul><li>ISYS 573 - Managing Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Systems elective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FOSS in general </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative software development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software maturity models </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. FOSS in general <ul><li>Introduction to FOSS on Windows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open CD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Ubuntu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Live CD + voluntary installs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux Lab with Ubuntu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduction to the Open Source “community” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field study: Attend a LUG meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guest Speakers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Courses I Teach <ul><li>ISYS 568 – Multimedia Business Application Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Systems elective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of multimedia applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics, Animation, Desktop Publishing, Audio, Video, Web </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content creation and licensing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business models </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Multimedia Applications <ul><li>The experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software needed for the class: Approx. $200 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will a student at a public university spend $200 on software for a semester? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can FOSS tools adequately fill the need? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Important: Choice of tool should be based on the curriculum and not the other way around. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Applications <ul><ul><li>GIMP – Bitmapped graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blender – 3D rendering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inkscape – Scalable Vector Graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audacity – Audio editing and manipulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scribus – Desktop Publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tux paint – Fun for kids...and grown ups! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kino – Non-linear Digital Video Editor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drupal * – Web 2.0 CMS </li></ul></ul>*Server-side
  8. 8. Examples <ul><ul><li>Elephant's Dream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CG animation made entirely with FOSS </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Assignment <ul><li>ccmixter.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio assignment based on ccmixter.org samples and loops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students download vocals, drum loops, effects, etc. and use Audacity to mix and recreate tracks. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn audio tools and legal aspects via Creative Commons licenses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Lab <ul><li>Communication and Advanced Computing Lab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited/specialty software lab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dual-boot Windows XP and Linux </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows XP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical Analysis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GIMP, Inkscape, Audacity, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Lab <ul><li>Dual boot Ubuntu Edgy (upgraded from Dapper) and Windows XP. </li></ul><ul><li>Installation and upgrades are labor-intensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Actively exploring LTSP on Edubuntu platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiboot environment: PXE boot for Linux with Windows XP on local disk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target date: Fall 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More details at: http://opensource.sfsu.edu/medusa </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Adoption <ul><li>Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1973). Attitudinal and normative variables as predictors of specific behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 41- 57. </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers, Everett M. (1962). Diffusion of Innovation. New York, NY: New York: Free Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Moore, G. C. and I. Benbasat (1991). Development of an instrument to measure the perceptions of adopting an information technology innovation. Information Systems Research Vol 2 No 3 pp 173-191. </li></ul>Adoption & Use Intent Beliefs Perceptions
  13. 13. Perceptions influence Adoption <ul><li>Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1973). Attitudinal and normative variables as predictors of specific behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 41- 57. </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers, Everett M. (1962). Diffusion of Innovation. New York, NY: New York: Free Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Moore, G. C. and I. Benbasat (1991). Development of an instrument to measure the perceptions of adopting an information technology innovation. Information Systems Research Vol 2 No 3 pp 173-191. </li></ul>Perceived Attributes Adoption & Use Perceptions Trialability Observability Compatibility Ease-of-use Relative Advantages Voluntariness
  14. 14. Relative Advantages <ul><li>Virus? What virus? </li></ul><ul><li>Guilt-free is better than just “free”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept of “free as in $0.00” does not sell well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no such thing as “borrowing software”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you steal software? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keeping up with the times. </li></ul><ul><li>New skill set. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves marketability. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Ease-of-Use <ul><li>Live CDs are a boon. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try all you want and install when you are ready. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open CD as an introduction to FOSS on Windows. </li></ul><ul><li>Synaptic rocks!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless does not work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot display via projectors out of the box. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspend/Hibernate not reliable. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Compatibility <ul><li>Yes, but does it run Word ™ ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for different formats in OpenOffice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce the topic of Open Document Format. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homework & assignments may not be compatible with FOSS platforms. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Microsoft Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of tutorial books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets do not support statistical analysis </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Observability <ul><li>Practice what you preach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I use Ubuntu on my laptop for all my presentations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Showcase cool apps/features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beryl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Save as PDF” in OpenOffice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDFCreator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Showcase “linux only” apps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GRAMPS, Kino </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Trialability <ul><li>Live CDs are good, but slow. </li></ul><ul><li>VMware images + player works well. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Downloading via bittorrent became an interesting exercise. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Voluntariness <ul><li>How voluntary is the adoption? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom use can be perceived as mandatory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assignment focuses on concepts, not tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Photoshop or GIMP. Just make sure your copy of Photoshop is legit! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeated use of good FOSS tools improves acceptance. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Assessment <ul><li>Are students really satisfied with a FOSS platform? </li></ul><ul><li>We are conducting a survey using a “user satisfaction” instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>Warning: Our sample is not representative!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SF State > Business > Information Systems > Elective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External validity weak. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat studies with other samples may help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interested? Contact: [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Lessons learned <ul><li>FOSS apps/platform/distros must meet curriculum needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy works. Evangelism does not. Show them yet another option. Let them choose. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate new technology more transparently. </li></ul><ul><li>Study collaborative software development. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine business ethics. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a lot more fun!!! </li></ul>
  22. 22. Contact

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