Colonial Town Project


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Colonial Town Project

  1. 1. Long Live QUEEN McCAFFREY!
  2. 2. Sunny & Warm High: 84 Low 73 Chance of Rain Overnight
  3. 3. Aerial view of Jamestown Island
  4. 4. The Queen requests that you carefully plan the layout of your colony.
  5. 5. 1215: Magna Carta <ul><li>Right to trial by jury </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch can not tax the people without consulting them </li></ul>
  6. 6. Signed June 15, 1215 Runnymeade, England Many copies (exemplifications) made and sent to each region. Only 4 original exist today. *British Library (2) *Lincoln Castle (lent to New York World’s Fair In 1930s) *Salisbury Cathedral
  7. 7. 1689: Declaration of Rights <ul><li>British citizens had the right to make their own laws through elected representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaffirmed the rights listed in the Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Petition the Government for Correction of Wrongs (called redress) </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1660-1696: Navigation Acts <ul><li>1. Only British ships could transport imported and exported goods to and from the colonies. 2. Only British citizens were allowed to trade with the colonies. 3. Commodities such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton wool which were produced in the colonies could be exported only to the British. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mild High: 72 Low 65 Clear Skies GROUP LEADERS: Get your materials
  10. 10. 1735: Peter Zenger Trial <ul><li>Zenger arrested for printing newspaper calling governor of New York a “tyrant” (the truth). </li></ul><ul><li>No freedom of press – Zenger arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer Andrew Hamilton, argued that “the truth” should not be considered libel even if it hurts someone's reputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Judges wouldn’t listen, but Hamilton did not give up . </li></ul><ul><li>Convinced jury to acquit Zenger. </li></ul><ul><li>Established FREEDOM of the PRESS </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1756: French and Indian War <ul><li>Colonists moving west for more land </li></ul><ul><li>France also wanted land (controlled Canada) </li></ul><ul><li>French built forts along Lake Erie </li></ul><ul><li>French helped by Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>British sent young George Washington to confront French…defeated near Pittsburgh. </li></ul><ul><li>British sent more troops; pushed French north </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists taxed heavily to pay for war </li></ul><ul><li>Wars also going on in Europe between England </li></ul><ul><li>and France </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treaty of Paris - 1763 <ul><li>French and Indian War End with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*France cedes (gives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada to England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*French forces leave North America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*France surrendered to England almost all of her claims in India </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Town Project Cold and Rainy High: 48 Low: 34
  14. 14. Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763) <ul><li>After British won war, Indians angry (England encouraged people to take Native Am. land). </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa Chief Pontiac called NA leaders to council in Michigan – agreed to drive out British…Pontiac’s Rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned surprise attack on Ft. Detroit </li></ul><ul><li>(failed) but did capture 8 forts in Great Lakes area. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>To keep peace with Native Americans and prevent more violence, king issued royal proclamation. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited colonists from settling west of Appalachian Mountains. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Town Project Possible Flurries High: 37 Low: 26 Wind-chill Warning
  17. 17. <ul><li>Smuggling of sugar to avoid paying duties (duty = taxes on imports) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Writs of assistance” now allow customs officials to enter any building or ship to search for smugglers. </li></ul><ul><li>Accused smugglers will face a panel of British judges (Admiralty Courts) instead of local jury. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut molasses duty in half in hopes that more colonists would pay. </li></ul>Sugar Act -1764
  18. 18. Quartering Act-1765 <ul><li>The British Parliament has declared that colonies must provide living quarters for British Soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, soldiers are now living in your homes with you. Each of you must personally provide food and board for these “guests”. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Town Project Rain and Sleet High: 45 Low: 28 Get Note-Taking Sheets : 2 Slides
  20. 20. <ul><li>Tax on every printed piece of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers, documents, even playing cards had to have stamp showing tax had been paid. </li></ul><ul><li>“ No taxation without representation” </li></ul><ul><li>became slogan. </li></ul>Stamp Act -1765
  21. 21. Townshend Acts-1767 <ul><li>Charles Townshend </li></ul><ul><li>(British Treasury official) </li></ul><ul><li>Imposed duties on imported goods (paint, lead, glass, paper, and tea) </li></ul><ul><li>Duties would then pay salaries of royally appointed officials in colonies </li></ul><ul><li>VERY unpopular! </li></ul>
  22. 22. Town Project Snow Overnight High: 31 Low: 16
  23. 23. Boston Massacre-1770 <ul><li>Very tense in Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Quarrel between young man and British sentry. 7 soldiers come to aid </li></ul><ul><li>5 colonists killed (including Crispus Attucks, First Hero of the Revolution) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament repealed Townshend Act, except for Tea Tax. </li></ul>March 5, 1770
  24. 24. 1772 – Gaspee Burned <ul><li>Gaspee – British ship patrolling waters off Rhode Island. </li></ul><ul><li>Local ship baited Gaspee – </li></ul><ul><li>led to shallow waters. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaspee ran aground. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists attacked, burned, looted Gaspee . </li></ul>
  25. 25. Committees of Correspondence-1772 <ul><li>Created by Samuel Adams to spread news from town to town about British threats to colonist’s rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Intercolonial Information Network </li></ul><ul><li>Post riders – 3 miles/hour </li></ul>
  26. 28. Town Project ***BLIZZARD WATCH *** High: 18 Low: -3
  27. 29. Tea Act-1773 <ul><li>British East India Company – Only company able to sell tea to colonies (company on verge of bankruptcy) </li></ul><ul><li>Townshend Act tax on tea still in effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher tea prices and lost business to those importing tea. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists prevented shipments of tea from being unloaded. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 <ul><li>Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawks (symbol of freedom) empty three ships of tea (342 chests) into Boston harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>King George III states in reaction, “The Colonies must either submit or triumph” </li></ul>
  29. 31. 1773 Boston Tea Party
  30. 32. 1774 Coercive Acts <ul><li>Nicknamed “Intolerable Acts” </li></ul><ul><li>Closed Port of Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Suspended Town Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Military Governors </li></ul><ul><li>Permitted Sending Criminals to England for Trial </li></ul>King George III                                           
  31. 33. Town Project ***BLIZZARD WARNING*** High: -7 Low: -43 18-24 INCHES OF SNOW
  32. 34. 1 st Continental Congress Sept 5 – Oct 26, 1774 <ul><li>55 members – every colony but Georgia – met in Philadelphia. </li></ul><ul><li>Peyton Randolph (VA) elected president. </li></ul><ul><li>Equally split into three groups: conservatives, moderates, and radicals </li></ul><ul><li>Declared Coercive Acts unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Urged colonists to not pay taxes, boycott British goods, form militia </li></ul><ul><li>Sent the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances” to King George III </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(petition requesting redress - correction of wrongs) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 35. Battle of Lexington and Concord <ul><li>*Patriots – wanted independence </li></ul><ul><li>*Loyalists – wanted to stay British subjects </li></ul><ul><li>*Colonists stockpiled cannonballs/gunpowder in Concord (20 miles from Boston) </li></ul><ul><li>*British officers heard about stockpiles, so planned to take them . </li></ul><ul><li>*Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott rode through night to warn colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>*”Minutemen” grab guns. </li></ul><ul><li>*Dispute about who fired first. </li></ul>
  34. 36. April 19 th , 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord <ul><li>“ Shot heard around the world” </li></ul>
  35. 38. Summer of 1775: Olive Branch Petition <ul><li>One last offer by colonists to peacefully resolve disputes . </li></ul><ul><li>King George III refused to read </li></ul>