2008 Sept Censorship An Unsettling History Powerpoint


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Presentation for high school students about the history of censorship and its implications today. Includes list of recently most-challenged titles.

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2008 Sept Censorship An Unsettling History Powerpoint

  1. 1. Censors hip: An Unsettling
  2. 2. Censorship has been practiced since the beginning of the written word.
  3. 3. 1205 Saint Dominic supervised  burning of heretical books
  4. 4. 1559 - 1964  Vaticanpublished index of books that Catholics were forbidden to read.
  5. 5. 1500s – 1700s  Zealous missionaries destroyed Native American writings. This is one of the few remaining examples, now in the British Library
  6. 6. 1500s  Martin Luther’s writings banned by the Pope
  7. 7. 1726  Gulliver’s Travels described as “wicked and obscene” and banned in England, even into the 20th century!
  8. 8. 1800s  New York Society for the Suppression of Vice urged lawmakers to prohibit “offensive” materials
  9. 9. 1929 Candide seized by customs officers in New York. It was an assigned reading text at Harvard!
  10. 10. 1982 Book and record burning in Monticello, Minnesota, organized by fundamentalists ministers
  11. 11. 1987  State-approved textbooks challenged in Alabama
  12. 12. Examples of Specific Challenges  Banned in Mayfield, Kentucky (1986), for quot;offensive and obscene passages referring to abortionquot;; it also quot;uses God's name in vain.quot;
  13. 13. Grapes of Wrath  Since 1939, it has been burned, barred, banned, challenged, and placed on restricted use for quot;vulgar languagequot; and characterization.
  14. 14. Alice in Wonderland  Censoredin China, 1931: quot;Animals should not use human language.quot;
  15. 15. Cinderella  Challenged in court by Hawkins County, Tennessee parents and decreed by a U.S. District Court Judge to quot;indoctrinate students in secular humanist beliefs.quot;
  16. 16. Are You There God, It’s Me, Margaret  Banned from some schools; in many others, restricted to students who present written permission from their parents.
  17. 17. What About Huck?
  18. 18. Lots O’ Controversy…  1885: Banned in Concord, Mass. as quot;trash and suitable only for the slums.quot; 1905: Barred from the Brooklyn Library Children's Room because quot;Huck not only itches but scratches, and says sweat when he should say perspiration.quot; 1957: Dropped from New York City schools list of readings for frequent use of the “n” word. 1969: Removed from Miami-Dade Junior College required reading list because it quot;creates an emotional block for black students that inhibits learning.quot;
  19. 19. And more…  CHALLENGED AS RACIST:  1976: Winnetka, Illinois  1981: Warrington, Pennsylvania  1981: Davenport, Iowa  1982: Fairfax County, Virginia  1982: Houston, Texas  1983: State College, Pennsylvania  1984: Springfield, Illinois  1984: Waukegan, Illinois  1986: Lincoln, Nebraska
  20. 20. (Too) Close to Home… Athletic Shorts Banned in Michigan Grand Rapids, MI In Grand Rapids, MI, after a parent complained, the teacher was suspended and the book was removed from the schools, including the libraries.
  21. 21. Books Most Frequently Challenged - 2007  1) And Tango Makes Three, by Justin Richardson/Peter Parnell Reasons: Anti-Ethnic, Sexism, Homosexuality, Anti- Family, Religious Viewpoint, Unsuited to Age Group  2) The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier Reasons: Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Violence  3) Olive’s Ocean, by Kevin Henkes Reasons: Sexually Explicit and Offensive Language  4) The Golden Compass, by Philip Pullman Reasons: Religious Viewpoint  5) The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain Reasons: Racism
  22. 22.  6) The Color Purple, by Alice Walker Reasons: Homosexuality, Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language,  7) TTYL, by Lauren Myracle Reasons: Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Unsuited to Age Group  8) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou Reasons: Sexually Explicit  9) It’s Perfectly Normal, by Robie Harris Reasons: Sex Education, Sexually Explicit  10) The Perks of Being A Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky Reasons: Homosexuality, Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Unsuited to Age Group
  23. 23. Initiators of Challenges
  24. 24. Challenges by Type
  25. 25. Challenges by Institution
  26. 26. What Do YOU Think?  MySpace Page on Banned Books  FaceBook Page on Banned Books  National Coalition Against Censorship