When you use reflexive verbs, the subject does the action and also receives it. Example of a Reflexive action: I brush my teeth. This means I brush my teeth myself. It is an action that I am doing to myself. If the sentence is I brush my dog , it is not a reflexive action because I am not receiving the action, the dog is receiving it.
María brushes her hair She is brushing her own hair, so it is a reflexive action. Marta brushes Ana ’s hair She is not brushing her own hair. She is brushing Ana ’s hair, so it is not a reflexive action.
All reflexive verbs in Spanish have ‘se’ attached to it. This helps you identify if the verb is reflexive or not.
Some examples of reflexive verbs:
afeitarse – to shave oneself
ducharse – to shower oneself
cepillarse – to brush oneself
lavarse – to wash oneself
Let ’s review some of the reflexive verbs
To use the reflexive verbs, it is important to know the reflexive pronouns. ( herself ) ( himself ) ( yourself ) polite ( yourself ) ( myself ) (ourselves) ( yourselves) ( themselves ) masc. ( themselves ) fem.
To conjugate the reflexive verbs, you place the reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb. For example: llamarse (to call oneself)
Cepillarse – to brush oneself Yo me cepillo Nosotros nos cepillamos Tú te cepillas Él Ella se cepilla Usted Ellos Ellas se cepillan Ustedes Maquillarse – to put on make up on oneself Yo me maquillo Nosotros nos maquillamos Tú te maquillas Él Ella se maquilla Usted Ellos Ellas se maquillan Ustedes
Let ’s see some sentences:
I brush my teeth every day.
Yo me cepill o los dientes todos los días.
Do you wake up early?
¿ Tú te despiert as temprano?
Pablo shaves in the morning.
Pablo se afeit a por la mañana.
We sit down.
Nosotros nos sent amos .
You all go to bed late.
Ustedes se acuest an tarde.
How to use the reflexive pronouns with verbs like necesitar , querer , deber , pensar , tener que , ir a , etc.
When you use reflexive verbs, you must make sure that you remove the ‘se’ from the verb and replace it with the correct reflexive pronoun.