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Los verbos reflexivos


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Los verbos reflexivos

  1. 1. Reflexive Verbs
  2. 2. When you use reflexive verbs, the subject does the action and also receives it. Example of a Reflexive action: I brush my teeth. This means I brush my teeth myself. It is an action that I am doing to myself. If the sentence is I brush my dog , it is not a reflexive action because I am not receiving the action, the dog is receiving it.
  3. 3. María brushes her hair She is brushing her own hair, so it is a reflexive action. Marta brushes Ana ’s hair She is not brushing her own hair. She is brushing Ana ’s hair, so it is not a reflexive action.
  4. 4. All reflexive verbs in Spanish have ‘se’ attached to it. This helps you identify if the verb is reflexive or not. <ul><li>Some examples of reflexive verbs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>afeitarse – to shave oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ducharse – to shower oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cepillarse – to brush oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lavarse – to wash oneself </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Let ’s review some of the reflexive verbs
  6. 6. (e-ie)
  7. 18. (o-ue)
  8. 19. (o-ue)
  9. 20. (e-ie)
  10. 21. To use the reflexive verbs, it is important to know the reflexive pronouns. ( herself ) ( himself ) ( yourself ) polite ( yourself ) ( myself ) (ourselves) ( yourselves) ( themselves ) masc. ( themselves ) fem.
  11. 22. To conjugate the reflexive verbs, you place the reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb. For example: llamarse (to call oneself)
  12. 23. Cepillarse – to brush oneself Yo me cepillo Nosotros nos cepillamos Tú te cepillas Él Ella se cepilla Usted Ellos Ellas se cepillan Ustedes Maquillarse – to put on make up on oneself Yo me maquillo Nosotros nos maquillamos Tú te maquillas Él Ella se maquilla Usted Ellos Ellas se maquillan Ustedes
  13. 24. Let ’s see some sentences: <ul><li>I brush my teeth every day. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo me cepill o los dientes todos los días. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you wake up early? </li></ul><ul><li>¿ Tú te despiert as temprano? </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo shaves in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo se afeit a por la mañana. </li></ul><ul><li>We sit down. </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros nos sent amos . </li></ul><ul><li>You all go to bed late. </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes se acuest an tarde. </li></ul>
  14. 25. How to use the reflexive pronouns with verbs like necesitar , querer , deber , pensar , tener que , ir a , etc. <ul><li>When you use reflexive verbs, you must make sure that you remove the ‘se’ from the verb and replace it with the correct reflexive pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The reflexive pronoun must match the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>I need to brush my teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo necesito cepillar me los dientes. </li></ul>
  15. 26. Let ’s see some more examples: <ul><li>We must wake up early everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros debemos despertar nos temprano. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to take a shower now? </li></ul><ul><li>¿ Tú vas a duchar te ahora? </li></ul><ul><li>I want to put on makeup today. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo quiero maquillar me hoy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro plans on shaving afterwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro piensa afeitar se después. </li></ul>