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Verbs in the Present Tense(Los verbos en el tiempo presente)      First conjugation: -ar
The fundamental parts of the         Spanish verb   The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated   form, the one that correspon...
The fundamental parts of the       Spanish verbThe Spanish infinitive always ends in r      hablar           salir      co...
The fundamental parts of the       Spanish verb The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive.      The ending always...
The fundamental parts of the               Spanish verb         The ending always consists of two letters               ha...
The fundamental parts of the       Spanish verb The stem or root: Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infi...
The fundamental parts of the       Spanish verb The infinitive – the ending = the stem     hablar              salir     c...
The fundamental parts                      of the verbThe infinitive: The basic, unconjugatedform of the verb.            ...
Verb ConjugationTo conjugate: To put a verb in itscorrect person and number so thatwe know who is doing the action. When w...
Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) The following verbs are regular -ar verbs and are conjugated according to the pattern i...
Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar)                    hablar    All persons and numbers are based on the stem.  yo hablo n...
Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar)            trabajar             Its stem?     trab ajo       trabaja mos     traba jas ...
Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar)            buscar             Its stem?      busco         buscamos      buscas        ...
Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar)           estudiar             Its stem?     estudio       estudiamos     estudias     ...
Verb usage   The Spanish present indicative tense has several                 equivalents in English. As in English, it ca...
La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar.                                       Estudio    ¿Qué                       ...
La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar.    ¿Qué                                Estudia   estudia                    ...
FIN
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The present tense of regular -AR verbs

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-AR VERBS

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The present tense of regular -AR verbs

  1. 1. Verbs in the Present Tense(Los verbos en el tiempo presente) First conjugation: -ar
  2. 2. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated form, the one that corresponds to the English “to do” (something). For example, to speak, to work, to sing, etc.The Spanish infinitive always ends in r
  3. 3. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verbThe Spanish infinitive always ends in r hablar salir comer conocer escribir costar cantar correr aprender finalizar leer freír
  4. 4. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive. The ending always consists of two letters.
  5. 5. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The ending always consists of two letters hablar salir comer conocer escribir costar cantar correr aprender finalizar leer freír There are three types or categories of verbs in Spanish:those that end in ar, those that end in er, and those that end in ir
  6. 6. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The stem or root: Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infinitive. The stem can consist of a variable number of letters, depending on the length of the verb in question.
  7. 7. The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb The infinitive – the ending = the stem hablar salir comer conocer escribir costar cantar correr aprender finalizar leer freír
  8. 8. The fundamental parts of the verbThe infinitive: The basic, unconjugatedform of the verb. estudiarThe ending: The last two letters of theinfinitive. arThe stem: What is left after taking the endingfrom the infinitive. estudi
  9. 9. Verb ConjugationTo conjugate: To put a verb in itscorrect person and number so thatwe know who is doing the action. When we conjugate any verb we always begin with its stem.
  10. 10. Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) The following verbs are regular -ar verbs and are conjugated according to the pattern in the following slides.hablar to speak llegar to arriveayudar to help mirar to look atbailar to dance nadar to swimbuscar to look for necesitar to needcaminar to walk preparar to preparecomprar to buy regresar to returnconversar to converse tomar to take orenseñar to teach to drinkescuchar to listen trabajar to workestudiar to study viajar to travel
  11. 11. Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) hablar All persons and numbers are based on the stem. yo hablo nosotros/as hablamos tú hablas vosotros/as habláisUd. habla Uds. hablanél ellosella ellas Notice which vowel gets the emphasis!
  12. 12. Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) trabajar Its stem? trab ajo trabaja mos traba jas trabajáis trabaja trab ajan The emphasis?
  13. 13. Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) buscar Its stem? busco buscamos buscas buscáis bu sca bu scan The emphasis?
  14. 14. Verbs of the 1st conjugation (-ar) estudiar Its stem? estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian The emphasis?
  15. 15. Verb usage The Spanish present indicative tense has several equivalents in English. As in English, it can express present habitual actions: Estudiamos español en la universidad. We study Spanish at the university.But, unlike English, it can also express ongoing actions: En este momento estudiamos en la biblioteca. Right now we’re studying in the library. It can even express future actions: Esta noche estudiamos para el examen. Tonight we will study for the exam.
  16. 16. La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. Estudio ¿Qué matemáticas estudias? .Verb forms that refer to people that are within the conversationflip to their “opposite” form. estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian ¿Qué estudias tú?
  17. 17. La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. ¿Qué Estudia estudia filosofía. Juan?Verb forms that refer to people that are outside the conversationdo not change. estudio estudiamos estudias estudiáis estudia estudian
  18. 18. FIN

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