21 the past participle

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Formation and use of the past participle in Spanish

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  • 08/14/12
  • 08/14/12
  • 08/14/12
  • 21 the past participle

    1. 1. The Past Participle (El participio pasado) Los programas estón instalados y los archivos copiados al disco duro externo.
    2. 2. How the past participle is formed For -ar verbs:Start with the infinitive . . . remove the verb ending . . .and add ado. cerrar ado For -er and -ir verbs:Start with the infinitive . . . remove the verb ending . . .and add ido. vender ido recibir ido
    3. 3. How the past participle is formedThe past participle is used in Spanish and English as anadjective or as part of the perfect tenses. In English, it isusually the -ed or -en form of the verb. tomar comer vivir tomado (taken) comido (eaten) vivido (lived)An accent mark is used when a past participle has thecombination of vowels ai, ei, or oi.creer creído believed oír oído heardleer leído read traer traído brought
    4. 4. How the past participle is formed The following verbs have irregular past participles.abrir abierto opened morir muerto deadcubrir cubierto covered poner puesto putdecir dicho said romper roto brokendescubrir descubierto discovered ver visto seenescribir escrito written volver vuelto returnedhacer hecho done; made
    5. 5. FIN

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