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wool from fibre to fabric
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wool from fibre to fabric

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  • 1. What is wool Its sources Its types Rearing processing USE
  • 2. wool, animal fibre forming the protective covering, or fleece, of sheep or of other hairy mammals, such as goats and camels. Selective sheep breeding eliminated most of the long, coarse hairs forming a protective outer coat, leaving the insulating fleecy undercoat of soft, fine fibre.
  • 3. Sources of WOOL • Wool comes from sheep, goat, yak, camel and some other animals. These wool-yielding animals bear hair on their body.
  • 4. Wool name Fleece Region Characteristics Length Cross- section uses Mohair Angora goat India U.S.A., South Africa, Turkey Long length, softness, Springy nature, excellent luster, very little ability to felt 4-10 inches 25-55µ vast variety of textiles Cashmere Tibetan goat India Tibet Downy handle, fluffy nature, brown or grayish white colour 1.5 – 3 inches 15 µ shawls Alpaca Peruvian goat or llama India Peru, Bolivia Brown, gray or black in colour 10 inch 10– 35 µ lining or men’s wear
  • 5. REARING Rearing means to look after the sheep by providing shelter ,food and health care. The person who look after the sheep is called a Shepherd. Sheep are herbivores which means they only eat grass and leaves . So , shepherds take them to open grass lands for grazing .Apart from grazing grass the sheep are also fed the mixture of pulses , corn , jowar , oil -cakes and minerals. In winters, sheep are kept indoors and fed on leaves, grains and dry fodder .
  • 6. The fleece of sheep along with a thin layer of skin is peeled from the body using large razor or with electrically-driven shearing machine.
  • 7. Wool scouring is the process of washing wool in hot water and detergent to remove the non- wool contaminants
  • 8. Sorting The fleece is sorted into grades by individuals who have developed a keen sense of touch. They sort the fibers according to fineness, length, and color. Each wool product is made from a different type of fiber, and the sorter divides the fleece accordingly. Thick, short fibers are used in tweeds. Thinner fibers are used in fine wool…
  • 9. Combing is straightening and stretching the fibers to obtain maximum spinning capacity.
  • 10. Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics
  • 11. spinning is a process of making or converting fiber materials into yarns
  • 12. •Wool is comparatively stronger than steel. •Wool is fire resistant •Wool can absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture
  • 13. Efforts by Shambhavi vats