Flax

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Flax

  1. 1. FLAX SUBMITTED TO MS. RUCHIKA SUBMITTED BY RIDDHI MALVIYA B.F.TECH I
  2. 2. Introduction to flax fiber History of flax fiber Structure of flax cells Description of flax fabric Benefits and limitation of flax fabric Processes of harvesting the flax fiber Effects on environment , performance of fabric Uses of the fabric
  3. 3. Widely cultivated plant Pale blue flowers Slender stems-textile fiber
  4. 4. Made into thread Woven into linen fabric Called common flax or linseed
  5. 5. Oldest fiber crops Use of flax for the production of linen goes back 5000 years Used in Ancient Egypt to wrap their dead!
  6. 6. 100% natural flax fibres Colour: cream to brown crisp and starchy Appearance: matte to lustrous. cool to touch renewable and abundant
  7. 7. Natural antibacterial antifungal properties Does not attract or trap dust particles. Quick drying material. Protection from UV rays.
  8. 8. Acid is known to disintegrate flax fibres. Easily ignitable and burn quickly due to the cellulose content. Heat resistant, natural oils deteriorate when exposed to steam
  9. 9. 5 times less use of fertilisers and pesticides Entire flax crop is used - no waste is created Flax farming does not damage the earth beneath Processing does not use as much energy or chemicals
  10. 10. PERFORMANCE OF FLAX FABRIC The strongest, most solid textile fabric known Similar tensile strength qualities as some types of steel Strength increases when damp or wet. Excellent resistance to pilling.
  11. 11. Swathing then combining Direct combining Harvesting
  12. 12. Swathing Crop is cut , allowed to dry , then harvested using a special pick up attachment Done when approximately 90% of leaves have fallen off, and the seeds have turned dark brown Results in drier seed than direct combining
  13. 13. Direct Combine HarvestingDirect Combine Harvesting Machine harvesting with a single harvesting operation Flax is free of weeds and has ripened uniformly Cheapest method
  14. 14. curtains bed linen upholstery table dressings
  15. 15. Health Benefits of flaxseed Prevent cancer and reduce tumour growth Decrease the risks of developing heart disease Help improve blood glucose control in diabetics
  16. 16. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flax www.flaxcouncil.ca/english/pdf/FlxPrmr_4ed_Chpt 1.pdf www.webmd.com/diet/features/benefits- of-flaxseed

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