Gardening notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

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notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

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  • 1. Planting a Garden PPT. by, Robin D. Seamon
  • 2. What are things you need to do to start and keep a garden?
  • 3.
    • Layout
    • Protection
    • Soil
    • Weed & Water
    • 5. Fertilizer
    • 6. Harvest
  • 4.
    • Layout:
    • Sun comes up in the East & sets in the West. Plant your garden so that it gets the most sun.
    • Put taller plants towards the back
    • Put those that need the most water together & those who can use less water together
    • Add some herbs & pretty flowers!
  • 5.
    • Protection: Insects & other animals will love your garden too so you need to protect it. Herbivores : animals that eat plants
    • Rabbit, deer, turtle, raccoon, mole, vole, aphids, beetles, weevils, crows,
    • Pesticide : chemical that kills or repels herbivores; dangerous poison
    • Things that ‘smell’ human/dangerous: soap, hair, old hose, marigolds
    • Things that make noise or move: pie tin, hang shiny ribbons
    • Fences: bury a fence, fence around perimeter
    • Scarecrow: looks human!
  • 6.
    • Water Schedule:
    • Plants need plenty of water BUT:
    • Too much water will give the plant root rot & it will die.
    • Too little water will dry out the plant; it can wilt, die, or produce few fruits & vegetables
    • Make a schedule: 2-3 times a week to water during the hot summer
    • Mulch to keep soil from drying out
  • 7.
    • Weed schedule: Weed weekly because weeds grow fast and take your plants’ nutrients, water,& sunlight space.
    • Chemical treatment: using an herbicide to kill unwanted weeds (Round-up); dangerous poisons
    • Organic treatment:
    • hand weed once each week.
    • Spiders, ladybugs, praying mantis, earthworms
  • 8. SOIL: P: Phosphorous (root growth) N: Nitrogen (green) K: Potassium (flower) PH: soil acidity or alkalinity 0------------7--------------14 Acid Neutral Alkaline Acid Acid up down Sulfur calcium Aluminum lime sulfate
  • 9. Color: tell us soil history, fertility, content Horizon profile: layers Infiltration: how well does water flow through? (sand=easy, loam=spongy, clay=hard) Temperature: different seeds need different temperatures to germinate (warm, cool) Structure: what is IN the soil? Texture: tells us the sand, silt, clay ratio
  • 10. CL, o, r, p, t Cl: climate O: organisms living in it (earthworms, fungus, microbes R: relief, slope of the land (think erosion & deposistion) P: parent material (decayed material: plants/animals; compost; rocks) T: time (young, old soils)
  • 11. SOIL COLOR: Red: iron oxides (rust) Grey: elevated water tables & reduced iron Black: organic material, manganese, iron sulfides White: carbonate or salts Yellow: goethite (type of iron) or pure sulfur (rare) SOIL
  • 12.
    • Fertilizer: puts nutrients into the soil for plants
    • Chemical fertilizer: man-made mixture of important nutrients ( like in Miracle Gro)
    • (K) Potassium (helps flowering)
    • (P) Phosphorous (helps growth)
    • (N) Nitrogen (helps plant stay green)
    • Organic fertilizer: using a mixture of decayed plant and animal matter to supply needed nutrients
    • Make a compost pile : pile up plant & food scraps (not milk or meat!!)… all things that decay .
    • Use manure
  • 13.
    • Harvest: gathering of the fruits & vegetables when they are ripe.
    • Different plants are mature at different times of the year. Know when each is ready to harvest:
    • Harvest Schedule LINK
  • 14. LAB Activity: Design a garden using these plants. Remember to think about layout, pest-protection, fertilizer, weed & water schedule, & harvest times. 8 tomato plants (stakes & ties) 16 corn seeds 3 squash plants (mound) 4 cucumber plants (vine) 12 carrot seeds 4 cabbage plants 6 legumes (peas/beans… bush or vine) bean cabbage corn tomato carrot cucumber squash
  • 15.  
  • 16. 1. Chlorophyll absorbs light from the sun 2. Sun’s energy splits water molecule into hydrogen & oxygen 3. Hydrogen joins carbon dioxide to make food (sugar/glucose) 4. Sugar carried through the plant; oxygen is released into the air H 2 O O 2 CO 2 = + + C 6 H 12 O 2 6 6 6