Gardening  notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening:  layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest
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Gardening notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

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notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest

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    Gardening  notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening:  layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest Gardening notes on soil type, pH, and other components of successful gardening: layout, protection, weed & water, fertilizer, & harvest Presentation Transcript

    • Planting a Garden PPT. by, Robin D. Seamon
    • What are things you need to do to start and keep a garden?
      • Layout
      • Protection
      • Soil
      • Weed & Water
      • 5. Fertilizer
      • 6. Harvest
      • Layout:
      • Sun comes up in the East & sets in the West. Plant your garden so that it gets the most sun.
      • Put taller plants towards the back
      • Put those that need the most water together & those who can use less water together
      • Add some herbs & pretty flowers!
      • Protection: Insects & other animals will love your garden too so you need to protect it. Herbivores : animals that eat plants
      • Rabbit, deer, turtle, raccoon, mole, vole, aphids, beetles, weevils, crows,
      • Pesticide : chemical that kills or repels herbivores; dangerous poison
      • Things that ‘smell’ human/dangerous: soap, hair, old hose, marigolds
      • Things that make noise or move: pie tin, hang shiny ribbons
      • Fences: bury a fence, fence around perimeter
      • Scarecrow: looks human!
      • Water Schedule:
      • Plants need plenty of water BUT:
      • Too much water will give the plant root rot & it will die.
      • Too little water will dry out the plant; it can wilt, die, or produce few fruits & vegetables
      • Make a schedule: 2-3 times a week to water during the hot summer
      • Mulch to keep soil from drying out
      • Weed schedule: Weed weekly because weeds grow fast and take your plants’ nutrients, water,& sunlight space.
      • Chemical treatment: using an herbicide to kill unwanted weeds (Round-up); dangerous poisons
      • Organic treatment:
      • hand weed once each week.
      • Spiders, ladybugs, praying mantis, earthworms
    • SOIL: P: Phosphorous (root growth) N: Nitrogen (green) K: Potassium (flower) PH: soil acidity or alkalinity 0------------7--------------14 Acid Neutral Alkaline Acid Acid up down Sulfur calcium Aluminum lime sulfate http://www.biconet.com/testing/GIFs/st-t2.jpg
    • Color: tell us soil history, fertility, content Horizon profile: layers Infiltration: how well does water flow through? (sand=easy, loam=spongy, clay=hard) Temperature: different seeds need different temperatures to germinate (warm, cool) Structure: what is IN the soil? Texture: tells us the sand, silt, clay ratio http://susty.com/image/soil-cross-section-side-by-side-carbon-rich-depleted-eroded-earth-rust-colored-deep-black-grass-photo.jpg
    • CL, o, r, p, t Cl: climate O: organisms living in it (earthworms, fungus, microbes R: relief, slope of the land (think erosion & deposistion) P: parent material (decayed material: plants/animals; compost; rocks) T: time (young, old soils) http://www.hylandseeds.com/images/soil%20photo.jpg
    • SOIL COLOR: Red: iron oxides (rust) Grey: elevated water tables & reduced iron Black: organic material, manganese, iron sulfides White: carbonate or salts Yellow: goethite (type of iron) or pure sulfur (rare) SOIL
      • Fertilizer: puts nutrients into the soil for plants
      • Chemical fertilizer: man-made mixture of important nutrients ( like in Miracle Gro)
      • (K) Potassium (helps flowering)
      • (P) Phosphorous (helps growth)
      • (N) Nitrogen (helps plant stay green)
      • Organic fertilizer: using a mixture of decayed plant and animal matter to supply needed nutrients
      • Make a compost pile : pile up plant & food scraps (not milk or meat!!)… all things that decay .
      • Use manure
      • Harvest: gathering of the fruits & vegetables when they are ripe.
      • Different plants are mature at different times of the year. Know when each is ready to harvest:
      • Harvest Schedule LINK
    • LAB Activity: Design a garden using these plants. Remember to think about layout, pest-protection, fertilizer, weed & water schedule, & harvest times. 8 tomato plants (stakes & ties) 16 corn seeds 3 squash plants (mound) 4 cucumber plants (vine) 12 carrot seeds 4 cabbage plants 6 legumes (peas/beans… bush or vine) bean cabbage corn tomato carrot cucumber squash
    •  
    • 1. Chlorophyll absorbs light from the sun 2. Sun’s energy splits water molecule into hydrogen & oxygen 3. Hydrogen joins carbon dioxide to make food (sugar/glucose) 4. Sugar carried through the plant; oxygen is released into the air H 2 O O 2 CO 2 = + + C 6 H 12 O 2 6 6 6