<ul><li>Layout: </li></ul><ul><li>Sun comes up in the East & sets in the West. Plant your garden so that it gets the most sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Put taller plants towards the back </li></ul><ul><li>Put those that need the most water together & those who can use less water together </li></ul><ul><li>Add some herbs & pretty flowers! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Protection: Insects & other animals will love your garden too so you need to protect it. Herbivores : animals that eat plants </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbit, deer, turtle, raccoon, mole, vole, aphids, beetles, weevils, crows, </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticide : chemical that kills or repels herbivores; dangerous poison </li></ul><ul><li>Things that ‘smell’ human/dangerous: soap, hair, old hose, marigolds </li></ul><ul><li>Things that make noise or move: pie tin, hang shiny ribbons </li></ul><ul><li>Fences: bury a fence, fence around perimeter </li></ul><ul><li>Scarecrow: looks human! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Water Schedule: </li></ul><ul><li>Plants need plenty of water BUT: </li></ul><ul><li>Too much water will give the plant root rot & it will die. </li></ul><ul><li>Too little water will dry out the plant; it can wilt, die, or produce few fruits & vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Make a schedule: 2-3 times a week to water during the hot summer </li></ul><ul><li>Mulch to keep soil from drying out </li></ul>
<ul><li>Weed schedule: Weed weekly because weeds grow fast and take your plants’ nutrients, water,& sunlight space. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical treatment: using an herbicide to kill unwanted weeds (Round-up); dangerous poisons </li></ul><ul><li>Organic treatment: </li></ul><ul><li>hand weed once each week. </li></ul><ul><li>Spiders, ladybugs, praying mantis, earthworms </li></ul>
Color: tell us soil history, fertility, content Horizon profile: layers Infiltration: how well does water flow through? (sand=easy, loam=spongy, clay=hard) Temperature: different seeds need different temperatures to germinate (warm, cool) Structure: what is IN the soil? Texture: tells us the sand, silt, clay ratio http://susty.com/image/soil-cross-section-side-by-side-carbon-rich-depleted-eroded-earth-rust-colored-deep-black-grass-photo.jpg
CL, o, r, p, t Cl: climate O: organisms living in it (earthworms, fungus, microbes R: relief, slope of the land (think erosion & deposistion) P: parent material (decayed material: plants/animals; compost; rocks) T: time (young, old soils) http://www.hylandseeds.com/images/soil%20photo.jpg
SOIL COLOR: Red: iron oxides (rust) Grey: elevated water tables & reduced iron Black: organic material, manganese, iron sulfides White: carbonate or salts Yellow: goethite (type of iron) or pure sulfur (rare) SOIL
<ul><li>Fertilizer: puts nutrients into the soil for plants </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical fertilizer: man-made mixture of important nutrients ( like in Miracle Gro) </li></ul><ul><li>(K) Potassium (helps flowering) </li></ul><ul><li>(P) Phosphorous (helps growth) </li></ul><ul><li>(N) Nitrogen (helps plant stay green) </li></ul><ul><li>Organic fertilizer: using a mixture of decayed plant and animal matter to supply needed nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Make a compost pile : pile up plant & food scraps (not milk or meat!!)… all things that decay . </li></ul><ul><li>Use manure </li></ul>
<ul><li>Harvest: gathering of the fruits & vegetables when they are ripe. </li></ul><ul><li>Different plants are mature at different times of the year. Know when each is ready to harvest: </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest Schedule LINK </li></ul>
LAB Activity: Design a garden using these plants. Remember to think about layout, pest-protection, fertilizer, weed & water schedule, & harvest times. 8 tomato plants (stakes & ties) 16 corn seeds 3 squash plants (mound) 4 cucumber plants (vine) 12 carrot seeds 4 cabbage plants 6 legumes (peas/beans… bush or vine) bean cabbage corn tomato carrot cucumber squash
1. Chlorophyll absorbs light from the sun 2. Sun’s energy splits water molecule into hydrogen & oxygen 3. Hydrogen joins carbon dioxide to make food (sugar/glucose) 4. Sugar carried through the plant; oxygen is released into the air H 2 O O 2 CO 2 = + + C 6 H 12 O 2 6 6 6
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