Efficient and Effective Gardening Made Easy - Concordia College


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Efficient and Effective Gardening Made Easy - Concordia College

  1. 1. + Efficient & Effective Gardening Made Easy Jason Bergstrand All New Square Foot Gardening jebergstrand@gmail.com By Mel Bartholomew Ph: 701-306-5280
  2. 2. +  Improve your families health: Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables is one of the most important things you and your family can do to stay healthy  Save money on groceries: Your grocery bill will shrink as you begin to stock your pantry with fresh produce from your backyard  Reduce food waste: When it’s “yours” you will be less likely to take it for granted and more likely to eat it or preserve it before it goes to waste  Get outdoor exercise: planting, watering, and harvesting add purposeful physical activity to your day
  3. 3. + continued  Stop worrying about food safety: When you responsibly grow your own food you don’t have to worry about contamination that may occur at the farm, manufacturer or during transportation process  Enjoy better tasting food: Fresh food is the best food! If it tastes better, you’ll be more likely to eat the healthy, fresh produce that you know your body needs  Reduce environmental impact: Food grown organically will spare the earth the burden of unnecessary air and water pollution. Less transport of fresh produce from all over the world reduces the use of fossil fuels  Build a sense of pride: Growing your own food is one of the most purposeful and important things a person can do. It’s work that directly helps you thrive, nourish your family and maintain your health
  4. 4. +  Grow more in less space, no tilling, no thinning, very little weeding  Grow your own nutritious foods and save money  Local foods are better for the environment  Encourages family involvement  Source of physical activity
  5. 5. +1. Layout- Arrange your garden in squares, not rows. Lay it out in basic sections of 4’x4’ areas. 4’ wide but any length2. Boxes- Construct boxes to hold soil mix above ground in a raised bed3. Aisles- Space boxes 3’ apart to form walking paths4. Soil- Fill boxes with special soil mix: 1/3 compost. 1/3 peat moss 1/3 coarse vermiculite5. Grids- Construct a square foot grid for the top of each box to organize and space plants
  6. 6. +6. Care- NEVER walk on your garden soil. Tend to your garden by reaching in from the sides7. Select- Plant a different flower, vegetable, or herb crop in each square foot using 1,4,9, or 16 plants per square foot8. Plant- Conserve seeds, plant only a pinch or 2 or 3 seeds per hole9. Water- Water by hand from a bucket of sun-warmed water10. Harvest-When you finish harvesting a square, add compost and replant it with a different crop
  7. 7. + The following mix of soil is ideal for the SFG. It controls weeds, maximizes nutritional value of food and production levels.  1/3 Compost- 5 varieties is best (chicken, sheep, cow manure...)  1/3 Peat Moss  1/3 Vermiculite Mel Bartholomew’s Mix Grids made from wood latheBuild Frame Fill Mix Add Grids Add Trellis
  8. 8. +One 4x4 garden will feed 1 person (salad or dish) for the entire summer AdvantagesEconomical- reduces everything to 1/5 the space Mel Bartholomew, Author of SFGNew Method- easy to understandUser Friendly- all ages can do itLocate Anywhere- close to your houseEfficient- produces up to 2x in much less spaceEarth Friendly- reduce, reuse, recycleVery Productive- just enough as you need
  9. 9. + Spacing Examples For SFG 1 Plant/SF – Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Corn, Okra, Eggplant, Peppers, Tomatoes 4 Plants/SF(6” apart)- Lettuce, Swiss Chard, Marigolds 9 Plants/SF (4” apart) Bush Beans, Beets, Spinach 16 Plants/SF – Carrots, Radishes, Onions
  10. 10. + Square Foot Garden Plot Trellis Trellis Trellis Trellis Tomato Cucumber Cucumber Tomato 1 1 1 1 Pepper Peas Beans Pepper 1 9 9 1 Beans Beets Carrots Peas 9 9 16 9 Radish Onions Lettuce Spinach 16 16 16 9 Number indicates the number of plants or seeds to be spaced in each square foot of your garden. Questions can be directed to: Dale L. Siebert, Extension Agent – 642-7793
  11. 11. Otter Tail Government Service CenterPavers and Ledge 4’ x4’
  12. 12. Tip:Gardens need6-8hrs/sunlight/dayTip:Place trellis onNorth side to notblock southernexposure of sun
  13. 13. Located close to employee entry
  14. 14. Onions
  15. 15. Pole beans-trellis on back side of garage
  16. 16. 4 ‘x12’ Box
  17. 17. Summer squash & Zucchini
  18. 18. +Do Train your plants to grow vertically (use trellis-place it on North side) Keep a diary of your garden’s progress- helps in design from yr to yr Rotate crops each season to reduce disease and improve pest control Practice composting Keep learning new information & techniques- (SFG, internet, library)Don’t Use old tires or treated lumber to make a raised bed vegetable garden  They may leak harmful chemicals into the food Over plant, start small and add to your garden in later years
  19. 19. Let produce climb trellis system Grow vertically+
  20. 20. Tomatoes beingsupported bytrellis systemTip: pinch offtops by August,so energy goesback intoTomatoes notthe vine
  21. 21. +What countryor civilizationwas mostlikely todevelop theidea forcontainergardening?
  22. 22. + Container Gardening Benefits  Allows you to enjoy plants where traditional garden is awkward or impossible  Plants can thrive on rooftops, decks, balconies, or stairs  Grow different plants together that support each other  Oregano repels insects that bother broccoli and oregano enhances the flavor of beans  Plants can easily be moved if necessary  Rain, sun, disease, used as an insect repellant
  23. 23. + Hanging Baskets
  24. 24. Medium sized potTomatowith tomato cageTip:Can be movedaround forconvenience
  25. 25. + Flowers HerbsCucumbers in a container Vegetables
  26. 26. + Grow plants anywhere in just about anything
  27. 27. + Tabletop Square Foot Garden
  28. 28. + Cherry Patio Potato Tomatoes Planter
  29. 29. +Benefits of Composting Growing hardly plants and vegetables Reducing the need for weeding Keeping your yard clean Reducing yard waste in landfills Producing natural soil conditioner
  30. 30. + Plants that Keep Insects and Pests at Bay  Marigolds  Nasturtium  Cosmos  Aster  Rosemary  Basil
  31. 31. +•Eat fresh produce daily from your garden•Store extra foods by canning or freezing•Feel great by giving away food to neighbors,friends, and food pantry
  32. 32. + Ideas to Engage and Sustain Children’s Interest  Let them be a part of the design of the garden- what to plant, how much and where  Let them develop a theme for the garden such as: pizza, salsa, soup or stir fry garden and give it a special name “The Smith’s Spicy Salsa & Soup Garden”  Teach them to propagate seeds and transplant veggies and flowers into the garden in the spring  Give them assignments such as watering, weeding and composting kitchen food scraps  Play counting games with the grids and produce  Have children check on the garden each day and report: insects, damage to plants, and predators
  33. 33. + Resourceswww.squarefootgardening.comwww.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/www.kidsgardening.org Ideas for childrenhttp://childrens.wcroc.cfans.umn.edu/pages/educators/lesson1.php University of Minnesotahttp://www.gardeners.com/Vegetable-Gardening/5069,default,pg.html Shows video of raised beds in a variety of themeswww.organicgardeningguru.com/ Benefits of organic gardening
  34. 34. + (2) 2”x8”x8’ wood- cut boards in half to build 4’x4’ frame Use newspaper or weed barrier for bottom of frame. Use plywood and cut drainage holes for a table top version ½” rebar (2) 4’ sections. Pound 1 ½-2’ into the ground on the ends of the NORTH side of your garden 3/4” conduit (2) 6’ sections and (1) 4’ section. Use elbow brackets to hold the 3 pieces together and slide over the rebar If desired add (2) conduit brackets to secure trellis to bottom part of the garden frame Trellis netting- attach netting to the trellis frame Most importantly the soil mix: 1/3 Compost (5 varieties), 1/3 Peat Moss, and 1/3 Coarse Vermiculite