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Relative Clauses

                                    Relative Particles
               Defining                          ...
Relative clauses
 1) Defining Relative Clauses

 2) Non-defining Relative Clauses


 3) Relative Particles
Relative Particles




               Relative Pronouns                     Relative Adverbs




Who (for people)
Whom (fo...
Main
                                           Menu
1) Defining Relative Clauses
     The relative clause is essential to...
Main
                                                       Menu


     1) Defining Relative Clauses

a)        The Relati...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person.

I.   The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence.
             Who, (...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person.

II.     The relative pronoun is the object of the
        sentence.       0, ...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person


III.     The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence
         and it t...
Main
                                                   Menu


1) Defining Relative Clauses

b)        The Relative pronou...
b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things.

  I.   The relative pronoun is the subject of
       the sentence.  ...
b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things


II.   The relative pronoun is the object of
      the sentence.     ...
b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things.

III.   The relative pronoun is the object of
       the sentence and...
Main
                                           Menu
2) Non-defining Relative Clauses
        The relative clause is just ...
Main
                                                         Menu


2) Non-defining Relative Clauses

  a)        The rel...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person.


I.   The relative pronoun is the subject of the
     sentence         Who

 ...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person.

II.   The relative pronoun is the object of the
      sentence.       Who / W...
a) The relative pronoun refers to a person.
  III.        The relative pronoun is the object of the
              sentence...
Main
                                                        Menu


2) Non-defining Relative Clauses

 b)        The relat...
b)   The relative pronoun refers to a thing or
                    an animal.
I.   The relative pronoun is the subject of
...
b)          The relative pronoun refers to a thing
                        or an animal.
 II.        The relative pronoun ...
b)           The relative pronoun refers to a thing
                         or an animal.

III.        The relative prono...
Whose              (1)

a.   In Defining Relative Clauses.

      i.     The mother whose child is in hospital came
      ...
Relative
                                                        Particles


Whose (2)

b.   In Non-defining Relative Clau...
Relative
                                                Particles

Relative adverbs:
Where.
  The house where I live has ...
Relative
                                                 Particles


Which (Connector)

 In Non-defining Relative Clauses...
Relative
                                          Particles


What (the thing that)

  Give me an example of the things
 ...
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Relative Clauses

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Transcript of "Relative Clauses"

  1. 1. Relative Clauses Relative Particles Defining Non-defining Person Thing Person Thing Subject Object Subject Object Object Subject Object Subject Preposition Preposition who whose Why Which (Con) Where What Esquema When de la that presentación
  2. 2. Relative clauses 1) Defining Relative Clauses 2) Non-defining Relative Clauses 3) Relative Particles
  3. 3. Relative Particles Relative Pronouns Relative Adverbs Who (for people) Whom (for people) Which (Connector) When Which (for things) Where That (for people & things) What (special case) Why Whose (for people & things)
  4. 4. Main Menu 1) Defining Relative Clauses The relative clause is essential to understand the meaning of the main sentence. No commas. a) The Relative pronoun refers to a person. b) The Relative pronoun refers to an animal or a thing.
  5. 5. Main Menu 1) Defining Relative Clauses a) The Relative pronoun refers to a person. I. The Relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. II. The Relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. III. The Relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition.
  6. 6. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. Who, (that). a. The woman who was with me last night is one of the best lawyers in town. b. I fell in love with a man who came to visit my husband. c. The boys who broke the window have been expelled from the school. d. The children who were playing in the street yesterday evening are homeless e. The pupils who learn this will speak English much more fluently.
  7. 7. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. 0, that, (who) a. The boy she met last night is from New York. b. The teacher we had last year left the country in July. c. The man I saw in the street tried to cheat me. d. The person I asked for the name of the street didn’t know where we were.
  8. 8. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition. 0, that, (who / whom) …preposition at the end of the sentence a. The girl I fell in love with left without saying goodbye. b. The boy they were talking to didn’t speak Spanish. c. The boy she was going out with fell in love with another girl. d. The person I went on holiday with was just a friend of mine.
  9. 9. Main Menu 1) Defining Relative Clauses b) The Relative pronoun refers to an animal or a thing. I. The Relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. II. The Relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. III. The Relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition.
  10. 10. b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things. I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. Which, that. a. The house which / that is next to mine belongs to my landlord. b. The car which / that is parked in front of my house is not mine. c. The folder which / that was on the floor belongs to my classmate. d. We couldn’t see properly on the blackboards which / that were replaced last year. e. The park which / that is two blocks from here will be remodelled in the near future..
  11. 11. b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. 0, that, which a. The car I bought last summer is much better than the one I had. b. I don’t think the exam we did the other day was as difficult as you thought. c. The elephant we saw at the zoo had been hunted in Kenya. d. The house my brother has just bought has all mod. cons.
  12. 12. b) The relative pronoun refers to animals or things. III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition. a. The house I live in is much more comfortable than the flat where I used to live. b. The dog they were looking for was eventually found miles away. c. The music she is listening to is far too loud. d. The bus we came on was very old. e. The shop I bought my computer from has disappeared .
  13. 13. Main Menu 2) Non-defining Relative Clauses The relative clause is just an explanation, not necessary to understand the meaning of the main sentence. Between commas. a) The Relative pronoun refers to a person. b) The Relative pronoun refers to an animal or a thing.
  14. 14. Main Menu 2) Non-defining Relative Clauses a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. Who / Whom I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition.
  15. 15. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence Who a. My English teacher, who was born in Salamanca, came here last year. b. My father, who has always been a farmer, is now retired. c. My uncle Tom and my aunt Mary, who got married two years ago, have just had a baby.
  16. 16. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. Who / Whom a. My father’s mother, whom / who I didn’t know, died when she was very young. b. My parents, whom / who I haven’t seen for a few months, live in a country house. c. Mary’s children, whom / who she adores, study economics at the university of Madrid.
  17. 17. a) The relative pronoun refers to a person. III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition. a. My neighbours’ daughter, with whom I went out for a couple of months, doesn’t speak to me any more. b. This is Mr. Roberts, about whom I spoke to you. c. I’ve met her new Geography teacher, to whom she says she pays a lot of attention.
  18. 18. Main Menu 2) Non-defining Relative Clauses b) The relative pronoun refers to a thing or an animal. Which I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition.
  19. 19. b) The relative pronoun refers to a thing or an animal. I. The relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence. a. I live in Bogotá, which is the capital of the Republic of Colombia. b. Don’t forget that last year I bought you this book, which is one of the best I’ve ever read. c. Mosquitoes, which are very small animals, can however become very unpleasant when you visit the Amazon.
  20. 20. b) The relative pronoun refers to a thing or an animal. II. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence. a. My house, which I bought a few years after I got married, needs remodelling. b. My neighbours’ dog, which is very old, can hardly walk. c. Peter’s English-Spanish dictionary, which he bought when he was at university, is out of date.
  21. 21. b) The relative pronoun refers to a thing or an animal. III. The relative pronoun is the object of the sentence and it takes a preposition. a. This city, about which I had read a lot before I came here, is much bigger than I thought. b. I eventually found my old dictionary, for which I had been looking weeks and weeks. c. This music, to which you listen so often, makes me want to scream.
  22. 22. Whose (1) a. In Defining Relative Clauses. i. The mother whose child is in hospital came to see the headteacher yesterday. ii. The cat whose tail is white right at its tip belongs to my next-door neighbour. iii. The house whose windows are painted red was built in the C19th. Next
  23. 23. Relative Particles Whose (2) b. In Non-defining Relative Clauses. i. My neighbours, whose car is beyond repair because of a head-on crash, have just won the lottery. ii. My neighbours’ house, whose roof needs repairing, is exactly the same shape as mine. iii. Mary’s cat, whose tail got burnt as a kitten, has been taken to the vet because of a serious kidney illness.
  24. 24. Relative Particles Relative adverbs: Where. The house where I live has got a cosy garden. The house I live in has got a cosy garden. When. This is the time of the year when flowers appear. Why. He could give no reason why his sister had left home.
  25. 25. Relative Particles Which (Connector) In Non-defining Relative Clauses referring to a complete sentence. He tried to sing at the concert, which was a complete disaster
  26. 26. Relative Particles What (the thing that) Give me an example of the things that you are going to say. Give me an example of what you are going to say. The thing that I don’t understand is how they are going to find all that money. What I don’t understand is how they are going to find all that money.
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