Exercises88.1 Many words in this unit are difficult to pronounce. Check the pronunciation and practise saying the words. pollution survive resources disaster civilian terrorists famine drought flood earthquake soldiers hostage
88.3 If we want to look after the environment, there are certain things we shouldnt do and certain things we should do. Complete these sentences with suitable verbs.• We shouldnt:1 throw away paper, bottles and cans; we should ________ them. recycle2 ________ water and energy; we should waste ____________ them. save / conserve3 cut down / destroy rainforests; we should ____________ ________ them from human damage. protect
88.4 Match words from the left and right to form compound words orphrases.1 peace a resources2 civil b settlement3 natural c warming4 global d war
88.5 Complete these definitions with a word or phrase.1 Global warming is an increase in temperature caused by an increase in _____________ . carbon dioxide2 A disaster is when something _________________________________ . terrible happens (and people often die)3 A famine is a long period of time when people may die because there isnt enough _________ . food4 A flood is the result of too much _______ . rain5 A drought occurs when there is a long period without _____ . rain6 A war is a long period of __________________________________. fighting between two or more groups7 A civil war is a war between two or more groups from _______________. the same country8 To assassinate means to __________________________________ . kill (a famous person, usually for political reasons)9 Soldiers are people who fight in an ________ . army10 Civilians are people who are not in the armed forces (army, navy or air force) _______________________________.
88.6 Complete these sentences with a suitable word.1 Terrorists have hijacked a __________ . plane / bus2 Two men attempted to assassinate the __________________ . President / Prime Minister3 One of the terrorists planted a __________ . bomb4 The terrorists have agreed to release all the ________________ . hostages / prisoners5 During the fighting a number of civilians were _____________________ . killed / injured / wounded6 The two sides have agreed to a peace __________ . settlement