Independent Clausea sentence that can stand alone.Example: The sun shines brightly.INDEPENDENTCLAUSE= SUBJECT + VERB
Dependent ClauseA dependent clause is a phrase that cannot stand alone. – dependent upon another clause to form a complete sentence. – has a subject and a verb. Example: The sun shining brightly. – The verb form …a participial phrase… makes this dependent.
Why do we even need commas? Commas are a signal to the reader… – sort of a road map… – tells the reader when to pause… – not a full stop, like a period.
Coordinating Conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions “FANBOYS” – A remedy for comma splices.
Curing Comma SplicesReplace the comma with a semicolonUse a FAN BOYS after the commaReplace the comma with a period.
SemicolonsUse a semicolon to link together independent clauses. – provides a stronger separation than a comma – not a full stop like a period. SEMICOLONINDEPENDENT INDEPENDENTCLAUSE ; CLAUSE
Semicolons and more Semicolons may be used alone or with a conjunctive adverb or transitional phrase. SEMICOLON +INDEPENDENT CONJUNCTIVE INDEPENDENTCLAUSE ADVERB + CLAUSE COMMA
Revise with a semicolon Using commas is fun, using semicolons can be fun, too. = COMMA SPLICE REVISION Using commas is fun; using semicolons can be fun, too. OR Using commas is fun; however, using semicolons can be fun, too. ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Revise with “FANBOYS”I don’t want to completely separate these independent clauses, I can use one of the FANBOYS. = COMMA SPLICEREVISION I don’t want to completely separate these independent clauses, so I can use one of the FANBOYS.
Revise with a period I want this statement to stand out, I will use a period to separate these independent clauses. = COMMA SPLICE REVISION I want this statement to stand out. I will use a period to separate these independent clauses. . . . . . . . . . .
Your Turn No, it is not a crime to commit a comma splice, it is an intellectual infraction. = COMMA SPLICE Revise the above comma splice by using one of the three options: 1) semicolon 2) coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) 3) period
Don’t get caught with comma splicesRemember your options:Join with a semicolon;Connect with a conjunction, orSeparate with a period.
Are committing commasplices a crime?Yes!-4 points!