• Form of English used in United Kingdom.
• Covers all English dialects in UK.
• Regional or social verity of language.
• Distinguished by pronunciation, grammar etc.
• Varity differing from standard literary language.
• Part of dialect
• Way of pronouncing words.
Dialect of Manchester
• Mancunian is a dialect of Manchester.
• Originally develop from Lancastrain dialect.
• Over enunciation of vowel sounds.
• None for a glottal reinforcement (/k/, /p/, /t/)
• Avoid Ng. Coalescence
Manchester’s Eminent Words or Phrases
• Having a buzz.
• Our kid (sibling or friend).
• Scran (food)
• Gafi (house or flat)
• “the dibble” (refering to police)
• Scouse is an accent and dialect of English found primarily in
the Metropolitan county of Merseyside, and closely associated
with the city of Liverpool.
• Scouse is notable in some circumstances for a fast,
highly accented manner of speech, with a range of rising and
falling tones not typical of most of northern England.
• Irish influences include the pronunciation of the name of the
letter "H" as /heɪtʃ/ and the 2nd Person plural (you) as
[ɜː] as in 'fur' [ɛː]
[ɛə] as in 'square' [ɛː]
[riːd] as in 'read' [iːi̯]
[sliːp] as in 'sleep' [i]
[bʌtə] as in 'butter' [bʊtɛ]
[fɔːk] as in 'fork' [fɔːx]
[bɑːθ] as in 'bath [baf]
[ʊ] as in 'book' [uː]
[ʊ] as in 'cook' [uː]
Scouse is a non-rhotic accent, pronouncing /r/ only at the
beginning of a syllable and between vowels, but not at the end
of a syllable.
• /θ/ becomes /f/ in all environments. [θɪnk] becomes [fɪnk] for
[k] pronounced as [x] at the ends of some words.
• /ð/ becomes /v/ in all environments except word-initially, in
which case it becomes /d/. [dɪðə]becomes [dɪvɛ] for "dither"
[flɔːr] as in 'floor' [flɔː]
[wɝd] as in 'word' [wɛːd]
• Other Scouse features include:
• The use of 'giz' instead of 'give us'.
• The use of the term 'made up' to portray the feeling
of happiness or joy in something. For example, 'I'm
made up I didn't go out last night'.
• The term 'sound' is used in many ways. It is used as a
positive adjective such as 'it was sound' meaning it was
good. It is used to answer questions of our wellbeing,
such as 'I'm sound' in reply to 'How are you?' The term
can also be used in negative circumstances to affirm a
type of indifference such as 'I'm dumping you'. The
reply 'sound' in this case translates to 'yeah fine', 'ok',
'I'm fine about it', 'no problem' etc.
• Second largest city of England.
• Regional capital of west midlands.
• 5.3 million population.
• British Accents
Southwest British Accent
Northern England Accent
Comparison between RP and Midlands Accent
• “Oy”,[ɒi] is used instead of ‘i’
• “u” is lengthen to become ‘oo’[ʊ]
• ‘o’ and ‘a’ are lazy and under articulate in some
• ‘i’ in becomes ‘ee’[i:]
• “You” is pronounced ‘yow’
• Diphthong[aʊ] is pronounced ‘æʊ’
• Not every written 'r' is articulated. RP
• The 'g' in an 'ng' formation is over-articulated at the
end of a word, or when followed by a vowel.
• 'H's are dropped ,except when emphasis is required.
• 'T's are occasionally omitted from the end of words.
Gorra cobb on (bad mood)
Mizzley (cold and wet)
Caggy Handed (left
Cake hole (mouth)
Sup (whats up)
Coppit (catch this)
Donnies (hands )
SELECTED CITY - NOTTINGHAM
• Nottingham is a county in the East Midlands of England.
• Centrally located, it is within easy reach of most of the country.
• London is 124 miles away, Manchester 71 miles and Birmingham
• French, Dutch & other communities language was absorbed into the
• Unique accent.
• Nottingham has specific dialect and expressions.
• Variable accent if one moves around the county.
• The Nottingham dialect is alive and well.
• It has almost uncountable accents of sub-divisions.
• It is difficult to assess who has the strongest accent in Nottingham.
COMMON NOTTINGHAM TERMINOLOGY
Standard English Nott’s Accent Standard English Nott’s Accent
DUCK Dook FRIENDLY Friendley
YOUTH Yooerth YELLOW Yella
JULIE Juleh REALLY Realleh
TAKE Tek DIRTY Dotteh
BUS Bos CITY City
MELODY Melodeh JUST Joost
ABOUT Abaaht SHIRT Shot
BATH Baff TO ter
COMMON SENTENCES & PHRASES
• “I was about to have a bath before going to town.”
“I wor joost abaaht ter tek a baff , before gooin’dahn tahn.”
• “My mom says my shirt is dirty.”
“Me mam sez me shot is dottey.”
• Take it home.
Tek it Om.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS DIFFER FROM STANDARD ENGLISH
e.g "It eent theirn; it's ourn!" (It isn't theirs; it's ours!)
Theirs Theirn Ours Ourn
You Yo Yours Yourn
• Bristol is England's sixth & the United Kingdom's
eighth most populous city.
• Bristol is the largest centre of culture, employment
and education in the region.
• Its prosperity has been linked with the sea since its
• A dialect of English is spoken by some Bristol citizen known
colloquially as Bristolian, "Bristolese“.
• There are many dialects of Bristol people.
• Bristol natives speak with a rhotic accent in which the r in
words like car is pronounced.
• Bristol people use “L” when the words end in “a” or “o”sound.
• Area becomes areal and bacteria becomes bacterial etc.
• Strangers feel as if there is an “L” after the vowel, e.g.
• "Africa is a malaria area” but according to Bristolian accent
this sentence is pronounced as "Africa is a malarial areal.“
• Difference in dialect from standard language.
• Bristol Dialect Standard English use
• Where's that to? Where is it?
• Casn't Can't
• Lush Nice/good
• Gert/Gurt Really big
DIALECTS OF LEEDS
• The dialect spoken in Leeds named Yorkshire.
• RP is followed.
• Yorkshire accents are non-rhotic.
• Rhotic consonants are not pronounced.
• Vowel sounds are followed.
• It contains a number of non-standard features.