British Accent


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British Accent

  2. 2. PRESENTATION INTRODUCTION • Subject: Stylistics • Topic: British Accent
  4. 4. MANCHESTER ACCENT British English • Form of English used in United Kingdom. • Covers all English dialects in UK. Dialect • Regional or social verity of language. • Distinguished by pronunciation, grammar etc. • Varity differing from standard literary language. Accent • Part of dialect • Way of pronouncing words.
  6. 6. MANCHESTER ACCENT Dialect of Manchester • Mancunian is a dialect of Manchester. • Originally develop from Lancastrain dialect. • Over enunciation of vowel sounds. • None for a glottal reinforcement (/k/, /p/, /t/) • Avoid Ng. Coalescence
  7. 7. MANCHESTER ACCENT Manchester’s Eminent Words or Phrases • Having a buzz. • Our kid (sibling or friend). • Scran (food) • Gafi (house or flat) • “the dibble” (refering to police)
  8. 8. LIVERPOOL ACCENT Scouse • Scouse is an accent and dialect of English found primarily in the Metropolitan county of Merseyside, and closely associated with the city of Liverpool. • Scouse is notable in some circumstances for a fast, highly accented manner of speech, with a range of rising and falling tones not typical of most of northern England. • Irish influences include the pronunciation of the name of the letter "H" as /heɪtʃ/ and the 2nd Person plural (you) as 'youse/yous/use' /juːz/.
  9. 9. LIVERPOOL ACCENT [ɜː] as in 'fur' [ɛː] [ɛə] as in 'square' [ɛː] [riːd] as in 'read' [iːi̯] [sliːp] as in 'sleep' [i] [bʌtə] as in 'butter' [bʊtɛ] [fɔːk] as in 'fork' [fɔːx] [bɑːθ] as in 'bath [baf] [ʊ] as in 'book' [uː] [ʊ] as in 'cook' [uː]
  10. 10. LIVERPOOL ACCENT Scouse is a non-rhotic accent, pronouncing /r/ only at the beginning of a syllable and between vowels, but not at the end of a syllable. • /θ/ becomes /f/ in all environments. [θɪnk] becomes [fɪnk] for "think. [k] pronounced as [x] at the ends of some words. • /ð/ becomes /v/ in all environments except word-initially, in which case it becomes /d/. [dɪðə]becomes [dɪvɛ] for "dither" [flɔːr] as in 'floor' [flɔː] [wɝd] as in 'word' [wɛːd]
  11. 11. LIVERPOOL ACCENT • Other Scouse features include: • The use of 'giz' instead of 'give us'. • The use of the term 'made up' to portray the feeling of happiness or joy in something. For example, 'I'm made up I didn't go out last night'. • The term 'sound' is used in many ways. It is used as a positive adjective such as 'it was sound' meaning it was good. It is used to answer questions of our wellbeing, such as 'I'm sound' in reply to 'How are you?' The term can also be used in negative circumstances to affirm a type of indifference such as 'I'm dumping you'. The reply 'sound' in this case translates to 'yeah fine', 'ok', 'I'm fine about it', 'no problem' etc.
  12. 12. BIRMINGHAM ACCENT • Second largest city of England. • Regional capital of west midlands. • 5.3 million population.
  13. 13. BIRMINGHAM ACCENT • British Accents  Received pronunciation/RP  Cockney  Estuary  Southwest British Accent  Midlands Accent  Northern England Accent  Geordie  Welsh
  14. 14. BIRMINGHAM ACCENT Comparison between RP and Midlands Accent • Vowel • “Oy”,[ɒi] is used instead of ‘i’ • “u” is lengthen to become ‘oo’[ʊ] • ‘o’ and ‘a’ are lazy and under articulate in some words. • ‘i’ in becomes ‘ee’[i:] • “You” is pronounced ‘yow’ • Diphthong[aʊ] is pronounced ‘æʊ’
  15. 15. BIRMINGHAM ACCENT • Not every written 'r' is articulated. RP • The 'g' in an 'ng' formation is over-articulated at the end of a word, or when followed by a vowel. • 'H's are dropped ,except when emphasis is required. • 'T's are occasionally omitted from the end of words. Dialects Bloke (gentleman) Gob (mouth) Gorra cobb on (bad mood) Bostin (excellent) Mizzley (cold and wet) Caggy Handed (left handed) Blartin (crying) Cake hole (mouth) Morkins (stupid) Cocka (cousin) Sup (whats up) Coppit (catch this) Donnies (hands ) Wench (girl)
  16. 16. NOTTINGHAM ACCENT SELECTED CITY - NOTTINGHAM • Nottingham is a county in the East Midlands of England. • Centrally located, it is within easy reach of most of the country. • London is 124 miles away, Manchester 71 miles and Birmingham 49 miles. • French, Dutch & other communities language was absorbed into the local dialect.
  17. 17. NOTTINGHAM ACCENT • Unique accent. • Nottingham has specific dialect and expressions. • Variable accent if one moves around the county. • The Nottingham dialect is alive and well. • It has almost uncountable accents of sub-divisions. • It is difficult to assess who has the strongest accent in Nottingham.
  18. 18. NOTTINGHAM ACCENT COMMON NOTTINGHAM TERMINOLOGY Standard English Nott’s Accent Standard English Nott’s Accent DUCK Dook FRIENDLY Friendley YOUTH Yooerth YELLOW Yella JULIE Juleh REALLY Realleh TAKE Tek DIRTY Dotteh BUS Bos CITY City MELODY Melodeh JUST Joost ABOUT Abaaht SHIRT Shot BATH Baff TO ter
  19. 19. NOTTINGHAM ACCENT COMMON SENTENCES & PHRASES • “I was about to have a bath before going to town.” “I wor joost abaaht ter tek a baff , before gooin’dahn tahn.” • “My mom says my shirt is dirty.” “Me mam sez me shot is dottey.” • Take it home. Tek it Om.
  20. 20. NOTTINGHAM ACCENT PERSONAL PRONOUNS DIFFER FROM STANDARD ENGLISH e.g "It eent theirn; it's ourn!" (It isn't theirs; it's ours!) Standard English The Notts English Standard English The Notts English Theirs Theirn Ours Ourn You Yo Yours Yourn
  21. 21. BRISTON ACCENT BRISTOL • Bristol is England's sixth & the United Kingdom's eighth most populous city. • Bristol is the largest centre of culture, employment and education in the region. • Its prosperity has been linked with the sea since its earliest days.
  22. 22. BRISTON ACCENT DIALECT • A dialect of English is spoken by some Bristol citizen known colloquially as Bristolian, "Bristolese“. • There are many dialects of Bristol people. • Bristol natives speak with a rhotic accent in which the r in words like car is pronounced. • Bristol people use “L” when the words end in “a” or “o”sound. • Example: • Area becomes areal and bacteria becomes bacterial etc.
  23. 23. BRISTON DIALECT • Strangers feel as if there is an “L” after the vowel, e.g. • "Africa is a malaria area” but according to Bristolian accent this sentence is pronounced as "Africa is a malarial areal.“ • Difference in dialect from standard language. • Bristol Dialect Standard English use • Where's that to? Where is it? • Casn't Can't • Lush Nice/good • Gert/Gurt Really big
  24. 24. LEEDS ACCENT
  25. 25. LEEDS ACCENT
  26. 26. LEEDS ACCENT
  27. 27. LEEDS
  28. 28. LEEDS
  29. 29. LEEDS
  30. 30. LEEDS
  31. 31. LEEDS
  32. 32. LEEDS ACCENT DIALECTS OF LEEDS • The dialect spoken in Leeds named Yorkshire. • RP is followed. • Yorkshire accents are non-rhotic. • Rhotic consonants are not pronounced. • Vowel sounds are followed. • It contains a number of non-standard features.