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Slang and jargon


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Slang and jargon

  1. 1. Slang in Oxford dictionary is: • a type of language consisting of words and phrases that are regarded as very informal, are more common in speech than writing, and are typically restricted to a particular context or group of people. • words and expressions that are informal and not standard English. Different social groups often use a special vocabulary. Sometimes this is fairly widespread and well understood. Some slang is confined to small tightly knit groups who can use it to exclude outsiders. Slang is also often sexual or scatological.
  2. 2. "true slang" • It lowers, if temporarily, "the dignity of formal or serious speech or writing"; in other words, it is likely to be considered in those contexts a "glaring misuse of register." • Its use implies that the user is familiar with whatever is referred to, or with a group of people who are familiar with it and use the term. • "It's a taboo term in ordinary discourse with people of a higher social status or greater responsibility. " • It replaces "a well-known conventional synonym". This is done primarily to avoid discomfort caused by conventional phrases or by further elaboration.
  3. 3. The basis of slang is usually metaphor. • Money - bacon, loot, dough, bucks, and bread. • One’s home - pad, shack, dump, diggings, or hole in the wall. • Failure - blowing it, hitting a foul ball, flunking, or running into a stone wall. • To be discharged from a job - to be sacked, bounced, fired, or axed.
  4. 4. American slang: • ace - with meaning very good (He's an ace reporter); • bad - means intense (Wow, that was really a bad movie); • beemer - means B.M.W car (He just bought a new beemer to drive to work in); • blow - means leave (I am going to blow out of here now); • fox - attractive person (His older sister is a fox). British English : • Adam and Eva –means to believe (I do not Adam and Eva in it); • afty - means Afternoon. (Are you going to watch the game this afty?); • article - means an objectionable person (Come on, go and tidy your bedroom you lazy article); • antwacky - means old fashioned. Possibly from antique or antiquated. (Oh no way! I'm not wearing those shoes, they’re so antwacky.).
  5. 5. Jargon in Oxford dictionary is: • the language, especially the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group: medical jargon; • unintelligible or meaningless talk or writing; gibberish; • any talk or writing that one does not understand; • language that is characterized by uncommon or pretentious vocabulary and convoluted syntax and is often vague in meaning.
  6. 6. Examples of Medical Jargon: • Agonal - Term to signify a major, negative change in a patient’s condition • BP - Medical shorthand for blood pressure • FX - Medical jargon meaning bone fracture • JT - A joint • NPO - A patient should not take anything by mouth • IM – Intramuscular • K - The elemental symbol for potassium
  7. 7. Examples of Political Jargon: • Left wing - Political jargon for liberal, progressive viewpoint • Right wing - Jargon meaning a conservative viewpoint • Getting on a soapbox - Making a speech in public • POTUS - President of the United States • SCOTUS - Supreme Court of the United States
  8. 8. Doublespeak is a form of jargon often used to mislead or confuse listeners. There are two main variations in doublespeak that relate to jargon: persuasive and inflated doublespeak. Both of these types of doublespeak misdirect intentionally, therefore leading to misconception.
  9. 9. It is hard to draw a line between slang and jargon because when jargons becomes common it has passed on a higher step on a ladder of word groups and becomes slang or colloquial.