Entrepreneurial dimension of cultural and creative industries Dublin

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Entrepreneurial dimension of cultural and creative industries Dublin

  1. 1. 6/28/2011 Rene KOOYMAN Dublin 30 June 2011 THE ENTREPRENEURIAL DIMENSION OF CULTURAL AND CREATIVE INDUSTRIES ESPECIALLY SMEs UU / HKUThe  cultural  and creative industries ‘Cultural industries’: goods or services that embody cultural expressions, irrespective commercial value: film, DVD, video, television and radio, video games, new media, music,  books and press, performing arts, visual arts. ‘C ‘Creative industries’ : use culture as an input ,  i  i d i ’      l      i    whose outputs are mainly functional:  architecture, advertising, design and fashion.’  1
  2. 2. 6/28/2011 The new SME definitionstaff headcountannual turnover, or l t  annual balance sheet Size of enterprises by sector across CCIs  Eurokleis 2010 2
  3. 3. 6/28/2011Distribution of total turnover per size class  Eurokleis 2010Staff headcount ‐ turnoverCreative industries: o Micro (< 2 milj € / 10 p) 74%  nr of enterprises       27 % turnover o Medium (2 – 10 m € / 50 – 250 p) 3 % enterprises        32 % turnover o Large enterprises (250+): < 1 % nr enterprises       40 % turnover 2006: Cultural Industries BRD o 763.000 taxable employees  o 210.000 Free‐lance workers Fesel/Söndermann BRD 2009 not registered 30 June 2011 rene kooyman 3
  4. 4. 6/28/2011SPECIFICITIES OF CCIs Labour market • Thrives on numerous small initiatives • Non‐conventional forms of employment; part‐time  work, temporary contracts, self employment , free work, temporary contracts, self‐employment , free‐ lancers; career high degree of uncertainty • Multiple job‐holdings; combined sources of income • Heterogeneity of human resources ; higher professional  training, vernacular backgrounds, craft industry, any  other category • No longer fits typical patterns of full‐time professions • New type of employer; the ‘entrepreneurial individual’  or ‘entrepreneurial cultural worker’ 30 June 2011 rene kooymanDIFFERENCES PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS • Creative inputs and products are abundant • Hypercompetitive environment • Knowledge‐based and labour‐intensive input • Not ‘simply merchandise’, but express cultural uniqueness  and identities • Experience goods; production and consumption ‘on the spot’ • Product life‐cycles are short 30 June 2011 rene kooyman 4
  5. 5. 6/28/2011 CCIs AS KEY STRATEGIC FACTOR • CCIs drivers of economical growth (UNCTAD) • Drivers of innovation: driving innovative processes into  realisation • Flexibility; direct producer/client interaction; meet the  clients needs • CCIs stand at the core of cultural and industrial networks • CCIs and Technological change/digitisation two‐way process • CCIs spill‐over: Corporate Identity and Branding  • Cultural and Creative Content as independent economical  factor 30 June 2011 rene kooymanEntrepreneurship Determinants Themes  The OECD/EUROSTAT framework for  Entrepreneurship indicators         2008 5
  6. 6. 6/28/2011Access to Venture Capital Access to finance and income  generation: Cultural Business  Modeling Access to debt financing Business Angels Access to Venture Capital Access to other types of equity Tax incentives Bankruptcy Legislation Lack of  Entrepreneurial capabilities Weaknesses in business skills, training and  experience of entrepreneurs Traditional Business Education Entrepreneurship Education (skills) Entrepreneurship Infrastructure (Public and  Private)  6
  7. 7. 6/28/2011Entrepreneurial CultureRisk attitude in societyEntrepreneurial education (mindset)• Micro businesses: Artisan, Creative Partnership or  Solo• Small‐business:  • Designer and Business Partner • Designer and Licensing Partner • Designer and Manufacturer • Partnership with a formal Investor• SMEs and the Financial Sector•Regulatory frameworkRegulatory frameworkAdministrative Burdens (entry and growth)Bankruptcy Legislation p y gSafety, health, environment and product regulationCourt‐legal frameworkLabour Market RegulationSocial and Health SecurityIncome TaxesBusiness Taxes and Fiscal IncentivesWealth and Bequest Taxation 7
  8. 8. 6/28/2011IRELAND SME PERFORMANCE REVIEW 2008 30 June 2011 rene kooymanSUPPORTTransversal:• Coordinated support shared by several Ministries: Ministry of Culture,  Economic Affairs, Education, financial support (labour)• Recognition of the specific characteristics CCIs: offer specific support  when needed. A general approach will not suffice• Bridging the entrepreneurial skills gap: provide training and support in  entrepreneurial skillsThree specific dimensions:• Urban Area development:  integrate CCIs in urban renewal, use  abandoned (industrial) real estate , create breeding places, networks abandoned (industrial) real estate   create breeding places  networks• The Economical approach:  entrepreneurial support at  local/neighborhood level• The social‐cultural approach:  active and receptive cultural participation,  support festivals, exhibitions, art routes, art education 30 June 2011 rene kooyman 8
  9. 9. 6/28/2011 Rene KOOYMAN Dublin 30 June 2011rkooyman@rkooyman.com UU / HKU 9

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