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  • 1. Raghunath Patil FIRE FIGHTINGFIRE FIGHTING Presentation ByPresentation By Raghunath PatilRaghunath Patil Chief EngineerChief Engineer
  • 2. Raghunath Patil 1.1. Importance of fire training & HistoryImportance of fire training & History 2.2. Cause of fireCause of fire 3.3. Fire triangle & extinguishing methodFire triangle & extinguishing method 4.4. Success of extinguishing depends onSuccess of extinguishing depends on 5.5. Classifacation of fireClassifacation of fire 6.6. Types of Extinguishers and How to use itTypes of Extinguishers and How to use it 7.7. Action in case of fireAction in case of fire 8.8. You must knowYou must know 9.9. Do’s and Don’tDo’s and Don’t 10.10. Emergency tel. nos.Emergency tel. nos. CONTENTS
  • 3. Raghunath Patil  NEW DELHI: A major fire broke out in a five-star hotel inNEW DELHI: A major fire broke out in a five-star hotel in Vasant Kunj on Saturday 25 Jan 2008 and nearly 250 guests,Vasant Kunj on Saturday 25 Jan 2008 and nearly 250 guests, including foreigners, had to be evacuated. A fire serviceincluding foreigners, had to be evacuated. A fire service official suffered some injuries, while the guests and hotel staffofficial suffered some injuries, while the guests and hotel staff managed to escape unhurt.managed to escape unhurt. The fire, which broke out in a basement kitchen of The GrandThe fire, which broke out in a basement kitchen of The Grand hotel, quickly spread to other floors, requiring 40 fire tendershotel, quickly spread to other floors, requiring 40 fire tenders and three hours to control it. Fire-fighters claimed the blazeand three hours to control it. Fire-fighters claimed the blaze could have been brought under control more swiftly had thecould have been brought under control more swiftly had the hotel authorities alerted the Delhi Fire Service at once.hotel authorities alerted the Delhi Fire Service at once. According to fire officials, the hotel staff first tried to douseAccording to fire officials, the hotel staff first tried to douse the flames themselves and called the fire service only at 12.50the flames themselves and called the fire service only at 12.50 pm when the situation had gone out of hand. Preciouspm when the situation had gone out of hand. Precious moments were also lost when a water pipe burst and the firemoments were also lost when a water pipe burst and the fire safety equipment kept at the hotel reportedly malfunctioned.safety equipment kept at the hotel reportedly malfunctioned.
  • 4. Raghunath Patil  In a similar incident in 1986, 39 people,In a similar incident in 1986, 39 people, including guests, had died while many othersincluding guests, had died while many others were injured in a fire at Siddharth Hotel, nowwere injured in a fire at Siddharth Hotel, now called Vasant Continental in Vasant Vihar.called Vasant Continental in Vasant Vihar.  On June 8 ,2007 , a 31-year-old FrenchOn June 8 ,2007 , a 31-year-old French national died and two others were injurednational died and two others were injured when a fire broke out at Hotel Regalia inwhen a fire broke out at Hotel Regalia in Chittaranjan Park.Chittaranjan Park.
  • 5. Raghunath Patil FIRE FIGHTINGFIRE FIGHTING  FIRE = Fire Inform Response EvacuateFIRE = Fire Inform Response Evacuate  Fire is a good servant but bad master. So we must alwaysFire is a good servant but bad master. So we must always keep fire under our control. And not allow fire to be ourkeep fire under our control. And not allow fire to be our master.master.  Calamities never come with a notice . We must be reasy atCalamities never come with a notice . We must be reasy at all timeall time  If we prevent fire , the loss we going to suffer on account ofIf we prevent fire , the loss we going to suffer on account of fire that would be our gain.fire that would be our gain.  Prevention is better than cure .Prevention is better than cure .
  • 6. Raghunath Patil Fire TriangleFire Triangle  Fire is caused according to the principle of triangle .Fire is caused according to the principle of triangle . 1.1. Heat ( temperature reaching ignition point )Heat ( temperature reaching ignition point ) 2.2. Combusting material( fuel)Combusting material( fuel) 3.3. AirAir ExtinguishingExtinguishing MethodMethod 1. Heat by Cooling i.e. putting water 2. Air by Smothering / Blanketing i.e. covering 3. Fuel by Starving ( Remove burning material) Human brain without oxygen survive only 4 min. Fire extinguishes if oxygen supply stop for 2 Sec.
  • 7. Raghunath Patil CAUSESCAUSES OF FIREOF FIRE:-:-  HousekeepingHousekeeping :- Poor house keeping is a poor fire:- Poor house keeping is a poor fire hazard . Cotton , cloths, papers ,etc are the sourceshazard . Cotton , cloths, papers ,etc are the sources of ignition. They should be kept away fromof ignition. They should be kept away from combusting material like petrol, oil ,etc.combusting material like petrol, oil ,etc.  SmokingSmoking:-:- Careless smoking in non smoking areasCareless smoking in non smoking areas should be stopped . Smoking shall be permitted inshould be stopped . Smoking shall be permitted in smoking zone only.smoking zone only.  Welding / gas cuttingWelding / gas cutting :-:- While doing gas weldingWhile doing gas welding or oxy-acetylene cutting produces flying sparksor oxy-acetylene cutting produces flying sparks which falls on inflammable material and fire takeswhich falls on inflammable material and fire takes place.place.
  • 8. Raghunath Patil  Ignorance about fire hazardsIgnorance about fire hazards:- Lack of knowledge about:- Lack of knowledge about the safe methods of storage of inflammable liquids,the safe methods of storage of inflammable liquids, materials. Correct use of electrical equipments etc.materials. Correct use of electrical equipments etc.  Negligent habitNegligent habit :- Our negligent or careless habits are:- Our negligent or careless habits are responsible for fire out break. A lighted match stick,responsible for fire out break. A lighted match stick, cigarette end carelessly thrown on any combusting material .cigarette end carelessly thrown on any combusting material .  Kitchen:-Kitchen:- Most sensible area to get fire in hotel. KitchenMost sensible area to get fire in hotel. Kitchen staff should take extra care while preparing food. In kitchenstaff should take extra care while preparing food. In kitchen because of carelessness oil fire and gas fire can take place.because of carelessness oil fire and gas fire can take place.  Electrical Panel RoomElectrical Panel Room: No material to be stored in electrical: No material to be stored in electrical panel room. Small short circuit will be converted into bigpanel room. Small short circuit will be converted into big fire.fire.
  • 9. Raghunath Patil The success of fire fighting depends onThe success of fire fighting depends on  Fire fighting equipments in working conditionFire fighting equipments in working condition  Fire warning system and quantity of extinguishersFire warning system and quantity of extinguishers  Fire training ( knowledge )Fire training ( knowledge )  It is essential for everybody to know type of fire and thenIt is essential for everybody to know type of fire and then extinguish it with correct extinguisher in quick and effectiveextinguish it with correct extinguisher in quick and effective manner.manner.
  • 10. Raghunath Patil Classification of fireClassification of fire 1.1. A class(Solid,wood,paper,etc)A class(Solid,wood,paper,etc) 2.2. B class (oil,paint,etc)B class (oil,paint,etc) 3.3. C class,(Gas,carbonmonoxide)C class,(Gas,carbonmonoxide) 4.4. D class ( Metal,zinc,copper,etc)D class ( Metal,zinc,copper,etc) 5.5. Electrical fire.Electrical fire.
  • 11. Raghunath Patil Extinguishers:-Extinguishers:- 1. Water type1. Water type :-:- Removes heat i.e. CoolingRemoves heat i.e. Cooling only for A class fire.only for A class fire. 2. Foam type2. Foam type :-:-Cutting of Oxygen i.e. SmotheringCutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering or Blanketing + cooling)or Blanketing + cooling) Only on A,B fireOnly on A,B fire 3. CO2 type :-3. CO2 type :- Displace Oxygen i.e. smotheringDisplace Oxygen i.e. smothering Use only on B,C,E fireUse only on B,C,E fire 4. DCP type:-4. DCP type:- Cutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering UseCutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering Use only B,C,E fire. If ammonium phosphateonly B,C,E fire. If ammonium phosphate is used then it can be used on A class also.is used then it can be used on A class also.
  • 12. Raghunath Patil Types of ExtinguishersTypes of Extinguishers Co2 AFFF DCP ABC Store Pressure Type DCP BC Cartridge Type
  • 13. Raghunath Patil CO2 EXTINGUISHERCO2 EXTINGUISHER  ContainsContains: Liquefied CO2 , 4.5 Kg at 1.125: Liquefied CO2 , 4.5 Kg at 1.125 PSI and at 16 degree .PSI and at 16 degree .  OperationOperation :-Hold the extinguisher by:-Hold the extinguisher by trigger assembly . Remove safety pintrigger assembly . Remove safety pin Approach base of fire open the valve fullyApproach base of fire open the valve fully & sweep it.& sweep it. By this we are Cutting of Oxygen ofBy this we are Cutting of Oxygen of fire called smotheringfire called smothering  Suitable forSuitable for : B,C and Electrical Fire: B,C and Electrical Fire  NoteNote:- Do not grip the fiber hose or:- Do not grip the fiber hose or cylinder during use or you will get coldcylinder during use or you will get cold burn.burn.  It can not be used against A class of fireIt can not be used against A class of fire because there is no cooling effect CO2because there is no cooling effect CO2 escape in air.escape in air.  It can not be used against D class of fireIt can not be used against D class of fire because reaction takes place.because reaction takes place.
  • 14. Raghunath Patil Co2 ExtinguisherCo2 Extinguisher 4.5 Kg Co2 Gas4.5 Kg Co2 Gas under pressureunder pressure
  • 15. Raghunath Patil AFFF TypeAFFF Type  ContainsContains : 550 ML Aqueous Film Forming: 550 ML Aqueous Film Forming foam Compound mixed with fresh water andfoam Compound mixed with fresh water and one Co2 cartridge of 60-90 gm .one Co2 cartridge of 60-90 gm .  OperationOperation: Open the safety pin . Hold the: Open the safety pin . Hold the hose towards base of fire. Strike the knobhose towards base of fire. Strike the knob with left hand . Co2 cartridge will break andwith left hand . Co2 cartridge will break and AFFF Foam with a pressure of 3.5 Kg /cm2AFFF Foam with a pressure of 3.5 Kg /cm2 will come out. Sweep it on fire. By this wewill come out. Sweep it on fire. By this we are Cutting of Oxygen of fire calledare Cutting of Oxygen of fire called smotheringsmothering  Suitable forSuitable for:- A and B class of fire.:- A and B class of fire.  Location :- (Total = 02)Location :- (Total = 02) Near Gas Bank – 01Near Gas Bank – 01 and DG set -1and DG set -1 Note: Not to use on Electrical and D class fire because of water reaction
  • 16. Raghunath Patil AFFF TypeAFFF Type (Aqueous Film(Aqueous Film Forming Foam)Forming Foam) ExtinguisherExtinguisher 1. AFFF chemical1. AFFF chemical 2. Co2 cartridge2. Co2 cartridge 3. water3. water
  • 17. Raghunath Patil DCP ABC STORE PRESSURE TYPEDCP ABC STORE PRESSURE TYPE  ContainsContains :Contains 5 Kg Mono:Contains 5 Kg Mono Ammonium phosphate with nitrogen gasAmmonium phosphate with nitrogen gas under pressure. It does not have cartridgesunder pressure. It does not have cartridges ..  OperationOperation : Remove the safety pin hold the: Remove the safety pin hold the hose to base of fire, press the handle andhose to base of fire, press the handle and sweep. We can stop at any time in betweensweep. We can stop at any time in between by releasing handle. Nitrogen drives toby releasing handle. Nitrogen drives to jetting powder for extinguishing . By thisjetting powder for extinguishing . By this we are cutting off oxygen of fire calledwe are cutting off oxygen of fire called smotheringsmothering  Suitable ForSuitable For: A, B, C and E class of fire: A, B, C and E class of fire only.only.
  • 18. Raghunath Patil DCP Type (DryDCP Type (Dry chemical Powder )chemical Powder ) ExtinguisherExtinguisher 10 Kg DCP10 Kg DCP ContainsContains 1) Mono1) Mono AmmoniumAmmonium phosphatephosphate 2) Nitrogen2) Nitrogen
  • 19. Raghunath Patil DCP BC CARTREDGE TYPEDCP BC CARTREDGE TYPE  Note:Note: Can not be used against A class of fire.Can not be used against A class of fire.  ContainsContains :Contains Sodium bicarbonate powder 5:Contains Sodium bicarbonate powder 5 Kg and Co2 cartridge 120-150 gmKg and Co2 cartridge 120-150 gm  OperationOperation : Remove the safety pin hold the hose to: Remove the safety pin hold the hose to base of fire, Strike the knob with hand and sweepbase of fire, Strike the knob with hand and sweep the hose on fire. We can not stop till thethe hose on fire. We can not stop till the extinguisher finishes.Co2 drives to jetting powderextinguisher finishes.Co2 drives to jetting powder for extinguishing . By this we are cutting offfor extinguishing . By this we are cutting off oxygen of fire called smotheringoxygen of fire called smothering  Suitable ForSuitable For: B, C and E class of fire only.: B, C and E class of fire only.
  • 20. Raghunath Patil DCP ABC CARTREDGEDCP ABC CARTREDGE TYPETYPE  5 Kg Sodium5 Kg Sodium bicarbonatebicarbonate  Inner containerInner container  Co2 cartridge 120-Co2 cartridge 120- 150gm150gm
  • 21. Raghunath Patil FIRE HYDRANTFIRE HYDRANT
  • 22. Raghunath Patil Fire hydrant hose being connected to fight with fire
  • 23. Raghunath Patil Fire exit doorFire exit door on each flooron each floor
  • 24. Raghunath Patil
  • 25. Raghunath Patil REFUSE AREAREFUSE AREA
  • 26. Raghunath Patil FIRE HYDRANT AND FIRE BUCKETSFIRE HYDRANT AND FIRE BUCKETS  FIRE HYDRANT:- 30 MTR Mtr hose with nozzle are kept onFIRE HYDRANT:- 30 MTR Mtr hose with nozzle are kept on guest staircase each floor one. For operating connect it to theguest staircase each floor one. For operating connect it to the hydrant point ( which is in the duct of each floor) and open thehydrant point ( which is in the duct of each floor) and open the valve. Jet water will go upto 50 to 60 feetvalve. Jet water will go upto 50 to 60 feet  30 Mtr hose reel also connected to the hydrant on each floor.30 Mtr hose reel also connected to the hydrant on each floor. This rubber hose reel of 1 inch width can be unroll and we canThis rubber hose reel of 1 inch width can be unroll and we can use with pressure nozzleuse with pressure nozzle
  • 27. Raghunath Patil Action in case of fireAction in case of fire 1.1. Action should be quick so that small fire can beAction should be quick so that small fire can be extinguish immediately. The delay in action causeextinguish immediately. The delay in action cause fire to grow and may become difficult to befire to grow and may become difficult to be controlled latercontrolled later 2. During break out of fire do not panic , don’t confuse. Don’t be nervousDon’t be nervous 3.3. Inform Reception and security by dialing 9 byInform Reception and security by dialing 9 by nearest Tel. and by breaking nearest MCP which isnearest Tel. and by breaking nearest MCP which is near the lift on each floor.near the lift on each floor. 4.4. Give the your name, exact location and size of fireGive the your name, exact location and size of fire 5.5. Receiption will inform Security, maintenance ,Receiption will inform Security, maintenance , housekeepnig about the location of firehousekeepnig about the location of fire 6.6. If it is major fire Reception will inform Fire brigadeIf it is major fire Reception will inform Fire brigade by dialing 101.and ambulance by dialing 102by dialing 101.and ambulance by dialing 102
  • 28. Raghunath Patil 7.7. If it is major fire Receiption will inform all theIf it is major fire Receiption will inform all the guests to evacuate the hotel using nearest fire exitguests to evacuate the hotel using nearest fire exit /staircase and assemble at main porch .Follow the/staircase and assemble at main porch .Follow the nearest route for escape which is pasted on door innearest route for escape which is pasted on door in room. Close all doors/windows if safe to do soroom. Close all doors/windows if safe to do so before evacuating. Do not waste your time trying tobefore evacuating. Do not waste your time trying to collect your personal belongings.collect your personal belongings. 8.8. Security , maintenance and house keeping willSecurity , maintenance and house keeping will extinguise the fire with the help of fireextinguise the fire with the help of fire extinguishers, Fire hydrant . Other departments willextinguishers, Fire hydrant . Other departments will help guest to evacuate safely and remove any hotelhelp guest to evacuate safely and remove any hotel equipment from gangways that might hamper theequipment from gangways that might hamper the firm fighting effortsfirm fighting efforts 9.9. Staff assembly point is at lower parkingStaff assembly point is at lower parking 10.10. Stay on the fire area if safe to do so. Don’t panicStay on the fire area if safe to do so. Don’t panic .Try to extinguish the fire with extinguishers/fire.Try to extinguish the fire with extinguishers/fire hydrant hose.hydrant hose.
  • 29. Raghunath Patil YOU MUST KNOWYOU MUST KNOW 1.1. The place where the fire fighting extinguishers are kept .The place where the fire fighting extinguishers are kept . 2.2. The place where fire hydrant hoses and fire buckets are kept.The place where fire hydrant hoses and fire buckets are kept. 3.3. Fire hydrant points.Fire hydrant points. 4.4. The telephone numbers of fire brigade , ambulance andThe telephone numbers of fire brigade , ambulance and policepolice 5.5. what is the class of fire and what kind of of fire extinguisherwhat is the class of fire and what kind of of fire extinguisher can be used for this class of firecan be used for this class of fire 6.6. Application of water on liquid fire and electrical fire causesApplication of water on liquid fire and electrical fire causes fire to spreadfire to spread 7.7. The route for escape is marked and pasted on each door inThe route for escape is marked and pasted on each door in roomroom
  • 30. Raghunath Patil DO’s and DONT’sDO’s and DONT’s 1.1. DO NOT allow to use lift. Use only staircase left side.DO NOT allow to use lift. Use only staircase left side. 2.2. Do not run to fire zone without extinguisher.Do not run to fire zone without extinguisher. 3.3. Close window & door as you leave fire zoneClose window & door as you leave fire zone 4.4. Do not shoutDo not shout 5.5. DO NOT open door & not to switch on Exhaust fanDO NOT open door & not to switch on Exhaust fan 6.6. Do not waste time to collect personnel belongings.Do not waste time to collect personnel belongings. 7.7. Use wet towel on your mouth and noseUse wet towel on your mouth and nose 8.8. Crawl at lower level while passing through smoke areCrawl at lower level while passing through smoke are 9.9. Do not break sealed window . Do not open window suddenlyDo not break sealed window . Do not open window suddenly 10.10. Do not jump out of windowDo not jump out of window 11.11. The water buckets and sand buckets should not be removedThe water buckets and sand buckets should not be removed unless required for fighting the fire.unless required for fighting the fire.
  • 31. Raghunath Patil EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERSEMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS  100 -- POLICE100 -- POLICE  101 – FIRE BRIGADE101 – FIRE BRIGADE  102 – AMBULANCE102 – AMBULANCE  103 – TRFFIC POLICE103 – TRFFIC POLICE  108 – NATIONAL EMERGENCY108 – NATIONAL EMERGENCY  ALL THESE ARE TOLL FREE NUMBERSALL THESE ARE TOLL FREE NUMBERS IF 101 LINE NOT AVAILABLEIF 101 LINE NOT AVAILABLE  26451707 – Central Fire Brigade, Pune26451707 – Central Fire Brigade, Pune  26450601 – Central Fire Brigade, Pune26450601 – Central Fire Brigade, Pune  9689931991– Central Fire Brigade, Pune9689931991– Central Fire Brigade, Pune  9689931206– Central Fire Brigade, Pune9689931206– Central Fire Brigade, Pune  26696400 – Yerawada26696400 – Yerawada  26870207 – Hadapsar26870207 – Hadapsar  24578950 – Kasaba peth24578950 – Kasaba peth  25851788 – Aundh25851788 – Aundh  24368887 – Katraj24368887 – Katraj  24345152 - Singhgarh24345152 - Singhgarh
  • 32. Raghunath Patil Some pictures of Fire TrainingSome pictures of Fire Training
  • 33. Raghunath Patil Position of holding fire hosePosition of holding fire hose
  • 34. Raghunath Patil Pressure from fire hydrant hosePressure from fire hydrant hose
  • 35. Raghunath Patil Creating FireCreating Fire
  • 36. Raghunath Patil Blanketing ( covering ) the fire cutting off O2Blanketing ( covering ) the fire cutting off O2
  • 37. Raghunath Patil Hose not holded properly and is the resultHose not holded properly and is the result
  • 38. Raghunath Patil
  • 39. Raghunath Patil Housekeeper Supervisor is on chargeHousekeeper Supervisor is on charge
  • 40. Raghunath Patil Extinguishing fire with extingusherExtinguishing fire with extingusher
  • 41. Raghunath Patil
  • 42. Raghunath Patil
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  • 45. Raghunath Patil
  • 46. Raghunath Patil
  • 47. Raghunath Patil
  • 48. Raghunath Patil
  • 49. Raghunath Patil
  • 50. Raghunath Patil THANKSTHANKS