Fire fighting

3,319 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Fire fighting

  1. 1. Fire Fighting Management <br />for Petroleum Products<br />Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />
  2. 2. Made By<br />Muzahid Khan(R250207023)<br />Integrated BBA+MBA<br />muzahidkhan123@gmail.com<br />Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />
  3. 3. HIGHLIGHTS<br /><ul><li>Introduction
  4. 4. Petroleum products classification
  5. 5. Fire protection facilities
  6. 6. Communication Systems
  7. 7. Fire safety organisation/Training
  8. 8. Fire emergency manual
  9. 9. Inspection and testing</li></ul>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />
  10. 10. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />INTRODUCTION<br />Petroleum products mostly are liquid hydrocarbons or mixture of<br />hydrocarbons and any Inflammable mixture (liquid, viscous or solid) containing any liquid hydrocarbon.<br /><ul><li>Hazardous nature of petroleum products
  11. 11. Vulnerable petroleum depots, terminals & pipelines,</li></ul> storage facilities, refining Installations.<br /><ul><li>Hydrocarbon fuel properties:-
  12. 12. Flammability Limits
  13. 13. Auto-ignition Temperature
  14. 14. Minimum Ignition Energy
  15. 15. Flash Point</li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>Flammability Limits: The upper (rich) and lower (lean) flammability limits define the range of concentrations of a gas or vapour in air that can be ignited and sustain combustion.
  16. 16. Auto-ignition Temperature: A fuel - air mixture can ignite without the introduction of an ignition source. The minimum auto-ignition temperature is the lowest temperature at which the fuel vapours spontaneously ignite. 
  17. 17. Minimum Ignition Energy: The minimum amount of energy supplied that is needed for combustion is the minimum ignition energy.
  18. 18. Flash Point: It is the lowest temperature at which any petroleum product yields a vapor which will give a momentary flash when Ignited.</li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />GENERAL CLASSIFICATION of petroleum products:<br />flash point<br />Petroleum Class A <23o C<br />Petroleum Class B 23o C – 65o C<br />Petroleum Class C 65o C -- 93o C<br />
  19. 19. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />Hydrocarbon GASES commonly encountered in the upstream oil and gas industry:<br /><ul><li>Natural Gas 
  20. 20. Hydrogen Sulphide ( H2S)
  21. 21. LPG Gases (including Propane and Butane) 
  22. 22. Acetylene 
  23. 23. Hydrogen </li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />Hydrocarbon LIQUIDS commonly encountered in the upstream oil and gas industry:<br /><ul><li>Aerosols 
  24. 24. Crude Oil / Condensates
  25. 25. Hydrocarbon Based Frac Fluids
  26. 26. Gasoline, Diesel & Other Liquid Fuels 
  27. 27. Methanol  </li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE PROTECTION DETERMINANTS<br />Determinants of basic fire protection requirements:<br /><ul><li>Layout of product storage & handling facilities, their location and terrain
  28. 28. Nature of the risk(type of fuel)</li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE PROTECTION FACILITIES<br />(depending on the nature of risk)<br />• Fire Water System.<br />• Foam System<br />• Clean Agent Protection System<br />• First Aid Fire Fighting Equipment<br />• Mobile Fire Fighting Equipment.<br />• Fire Detection, Alarm & Communication System.<br />
  29. 29. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE PROTECTION FACILITIES<br />(depending on the nature of risk)<br /><ul><li>Fire Water System- Water is used for fire extinguishments, fire control, cooling of equipment exposure protection of equipment and personnel from heat radiation.
  30. 30. Foam System - The system may be considered for protection of floating roof tanks of petroleum products.
  31. 31. First Aid Fire Fighting Equipment – </li></ul>Portable Fire Extinguishers<br />Wheeled Fire Fighting Equipment<br />Hoses, nozzles & accessories<br /><ul><li>Mobile Fire Fighting Equipment.</li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS<br />Fire Alarm Systems-<br /><ul><li>For fire Situation, the siren shall be walling sound for 2 minutes
  32. 32. For disaster situation. the siren shall be wailing sound for 2 minutes repeated thrice with a gap of 10 seconds
  33. 33. For all clear situation, the Siren shall be straight run sound for 2 minutes</li></li></ul><li>Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS<br />Communication systems like telephone, Walkie-talkie or VHF set, public address system, etc should be provided in nonhazardous areas of petroleum storage.<br />Wherever possible hot line connection between city fire brigade & nearby industries shall be provided for major storage areas on need basis.<br />Petroleum Installation shall have a 'Mutual Aid‘ arrangement with nearby industries to pool in their resources during emergency.<br />
  34. 34. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION/TRAINING<br />A well defined comprehensive On-site Emergency Plan as per OISO-GDN-168 shall be drawn.<br />The fire fighting training shall be compulsory for all officers, clericals, operators. security, drivers & contract workmen who are likely to be present in the Installation and record maintained.<br />
  35. 35. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION/TRAINING<br />Mock disaster drills shall be conducted periodically as per local statutory requirements.<br />Instructions on the action to be taken in the event fire should be pasted with the petroleum storage facility.<br />
  36. 36. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />FIRE EMERGENCY MANUAL<br />Each petroleum storage installation shall prepare a comprehensive fire emergency manual covering all emergency scenarios detailing the actions to be taken In the event of fire.<br />The key action points of this manual shall be displayed at strategic locations In the Installation for ready reference.<br />
  37. 37. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />INSPECTION AND TESTING<br />The fire protection equipment shall be kept In good working condition all the time.<br />The fire protection system shall be periodically tested for proper functioning and logged for record and corrective actions<br />Inspection & maintenance of fire fighting equipment shall be done in accordance with OISD-STD-142.<br />In addition to routine daily checks/maintenance, the following periodic Inspection/testing of fire fighting equipment shall be ensured.<br />One officer shall be designated and made responsible for Inspection, maintenance & testing office protection system<br />The responsibilities of each officer shall be clearly defined. explained and communicated to all concerned In writing for role clarity.<br />
  38. 38. Fire Fighting Management for Petroleum Products<br />References<br />Fire Protection Facilities For PetroleumDepots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations And Lube Oil Installations - By OISD<br />

×