Methods of teaching english


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Methods of teaching english

  1. 1. Methods of Teaching English By: - Shri. Khodave Dnyaneshwar M.A. (Eng), M. Ed., Shardabai Pawar College of Education For Women, Shardanagar, Baramati, Dist – Pune, Maharashtra, India
  2. 2. Methods and Approaches  Grammar-translation Method  Direct Method  Dr. West’s New Method  Structural Approach  Communicative Approach
  3. 3. Grammar-translation Method  Word is the unit of teaching  Use of mother tongue is important  Formal Grammar is taught by Deductive Method
  4. 4. Grammar translation Method  Merits  Easy for common teacher  No use of A/V aids  Time Saving  Reading is developed  Demerits  No direct bond between thoughts and expressions  Speaking is neglected  TL process dull and dry  Students passive  Exact translation is not possible
  5. 5. Direct Method  English is directly taught in the class room  No use of mother tongue in the class room by the teacher  Natural method follows the natural way of learning a language i. e. L S R W  Situational Approach
  6. 6. Direct Method  Merits  Develops all skills LSRW  Fluency in speech  Use of A/V aid  TL process interesting  Students are active  Demerits  Difficult for common teacher  Creative and expert teachers required  Difficult to explain abstract concepts
  7. 7. Dr. West’s New Method  Principle: - Reading aspect must be such a skill which helps the students to acquire other skills easily  Reading is by far the shortest road to learning to speak and write
  8. 8. Dr. West’s New Method  Merits  Develops reading skill of students  Useful for lower grade teacher to follow in class  Develops comprehension  Interest in reading is increased  Demerits  Over emphasis on reading skill  Neglects oral skills  TL process become dull and monotonous
  9. 9. Structural Approach  Learning a language by getting mastery over various structures  Structures can be taught by creating adequate situations  Practice of structure either in written or in oral form is important  Oral way of teaching is important  Speech practice is important
  10. 10. Communicative Approach  Communication Competence is important  Ability to use the language = Communicative Competence  Fourfold skills of Language learning : Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing are developed  Students are active  TL process is student centered  Teacher is facilitator, guide, assistant, motivator  Pair Work, Group Work is expected in the class  Situational Approach is used