Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small cells deployments

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We are bringing 1000x closer to reality by demonstrating what we believe is the densest LTE outdoor small cells deployment. The trial took place during the NASCAR Sprint Cup race in Phoenix in March 2014. Cost-effective hyper-densification for 1000x requires more ‘unplanned’ deployments. Qualcomm’s UltraSON™ suite of self-organizing features is a key enabler to support these‘ unplanned’ small cells, provide robust mobility and ensure a reliable user experience. If a deployment equivalent to ~1000 small cell per km2 works at a challenging Nascar venue, it should work everywhere.

For more information please visit www.qualcomm.com/1000x
Download the presentation here: http://www.qualcomm.com/media/documents/bringing-1000x-closer-reality-hyper-dense-small-cells-deployments

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Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small cells deployments

  1. 1. 1 Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small cells deployments June 2014
  2. 2. 2 Mobile data traffic growth— industry preparing for 1000x 1000xdata traffic growth* Industry preparing for More devices everything connected Richer Content more video Cumulative smartphone forecast between 2014-20181 8~ Billion Movie (High Definition) 5.93 GB Movie (Standard Definition) 2.49 GB Game for Android 1.8 GB Soundtrack 0.14 GB Book 0.00091 GB Interconnected device forecast in 20202 25~ Billion 1Gartner,; Mar’14 2Machina Research/GSMA, Dec. ’12. 3Cisco, Feb. ‘13 *1000x would be e.g. reached if mobile data traffic doubled ten times, but Qualcomm does not make predictions when 1000x will happen, Qualcomm and its subsidiaries work on the solutions to enable 1000x of mobile traffic will be video by 201732/3~ Bestseller example, richer content:
  3. 3. 3 Rising to meet the 1000x mobile data challenge More Small Cells Key to 1000x
  4. 4. 4 Cost-effective hyper-densification requires more ‘unplanned’ deployments And all deployment scenarios—residential, neighborhood small cells (NSC), enterprise, Metro/Pico Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small cells 1 Qualcomm technologies’ UltraSON™ is a key enabler to 1000x hyper-densification Solves multiple hyper-dense challenges; ‘unplanned’ small cells, robust mobility, reliable user experience 2 3 World’s densest ‘unplanned’ small cell deployment brings 1000x closer to reality1 If a deployment equivalent to ~1000 small cell per km2 works at a Nascar venue, it should work everywhere 1 World’s densest LTE outdoor small cell network as of 4/2014, based on prior publicly announced deployments. Sprint/Nascar/Airspan/Qualcomm small cell demo took place March 2nd 2014 at the Phoenix international raceway. UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  5. 5. 5 Hyper densification requires new ways of deploying small cells at a lower cost And all deployment scenarios—residential, neighborhood small cells (NSC), Enterprise, Metro/Pico RESIDENTIAL/ NEIGHBORHOO D ENTERPRISE METRO/PICO SMALL BUSINESS
  6. 6. 6 ENTERPRISE METRO/PICO Small cell hyper densification requires more unplanned, ad-hoc deployments ‘UNPLANNED’ —OPERATOR DEPLOYED Indoor/outdoor, lampposts, walls, malls, anywhere… ‘UNPLANNED’ —USER DEPLOYED Indoor also covering outdoor ‘neighborhood small cells’ Viral, ad-hoc, ’unplanned’, e.g. where backhaul exists—more like Wi-Fi Plug & play, self organizing, coordinated small cells Managed by operator in licensed spectrum Note: Unplanned from an RF perspective, there may still be other planning aspects (like permits etc.) RESIDENTIAL/ NEIGHBORHOOD ‘UNPLANNED’ —PARTNER DEPLOYED Such as utility provider, contractor or enterprise IT department SMALL BUSINESS
  7. 7. 7 We need more indoor deployments—also covering the outside Capacity from the outside —to outside/inside users INSIDE-OUT And new deployment models like neighborhood small cells TRADITIONAL OUTSIDE-IN Capacity from the inside – also serving outside users >70% of mobile data traffic is consumed indoors and steadily increasing Power & Backhaul available
  8. 8. 8 ENTERPRISE METRO/PICO RESIDENTIAL/ NEIGHBORHOOD Hyper densification through all small cell deployment scenarios Bringing the benefits of more ’unplanned’, ad-hoc deployments to all scenarios NEIGHBORHOOD Typically user deployed indoor small cells leveraging existing backhaul Open/hybrid access Also indoor to outdoor coverage (NSC) Could also use dedicated spectrum METRO/PICO Mainly outdoor deployments by operator, or contractor/partner Open access Mainly outdoor coverage Share spectrum with macro ENTERPRISE High density indoor cluster deployment by operator, IT department or third party Open/hybrid access Mainly indoor coverage Share spectrum with macro Note: Unplanned from an RF perspective, there may still be other planning aspects (like permits) NSC=Neighborhood Small Cell SMALL BUSINESS
  9. 9. 9 ENTERPRISE METRO/PICO RESIDENTIAL/ NEIGHBORHOOD Qualcomm Technologies Inc.’s small cell solutions for all venues Complete 3G/4G chipsets (multimode baseband, RF, power) Wi-Fi hosting Software solutions enabling UltraSONTM, eICIC and HotSpot™ 2.0 Wireless backhaul HomePlug®, PLC,PON, Ethernet backhaul UltraSON, FSM and DAN are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. FSM92xx FSM92xx FSM92xx FSM98xx FSM98xx FSM98xx FSM99xx DAN3xxx DAN3xxx DAN3xxx FSM99xx FSM99xx eICIC=enhanced Inter Cell Interference Coordination PLC=Power-line communications, PON=Passive Optical Networks. Neighborhood Small Business Enterprise Metro Pico SMALL BUSINESS
  10. 10. 10 Qualcomm Technologies’ UltraSON is a key enabler to small cell hyper densification Solves multiple challenges; ‘unplanned’ small cells, robust mobility, reliable user experience Self- Configuration Mobility‘Unplanned’ Coordination Reliable coverage Backhaul Aware
  11. 11. 11 Key technology enablers to small cells everywhere 1 Using e.g. 3GPPs ICIC (Inter Cell Interference Coordination) between small cells primarily in the frequency domain. In addition, FeICIC interference management in the time-domain between small cell and macro with advanced receiver devices provides small cell range expansion and more capacity Qualcomm Technologies’ UltraSON solves multiple challenges: Self Organizing Networks (SON) Interference Management Backhaul—drives Small Cell Solution Highly Compact, Low-cost Small Cells Taking plug and play to the next level So that capacity scales with small cells added Operator Provided: fixed, wireless, relays Enables hyper-dense small cell deployments Best with device and network features such as range expansion FeICIC/IC User Provided enables user installed small cells SON for all small cell deployment scenarios Inter-small cell resource management (ICIC)1 Backhaul prioritization/ management Tight integration with Qualcomm Technologies’ FSM platform UltraSON and FSM are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  12. 12. 12 Enables ‘unplanned’ deployments, robust mobility and reliable user experience By providing solutions for self-configuration, mobility management, resource and transmit power management, backhaul aware operation Includes 3GPP defined SON Implements algorithms for 3GPP features such as ANR, MLB, MRO1 Self- Configuration ‘Unplanned’ UltraSON enables hyper-dense small cell deployments Supports all deployment scenarios Residential/NSC, Enterprise, Metro/Pico Distributed/hybrid SON Co-channel with macro or dedicated spectrum 1 ANR - Automatic Neighbor Relations, MLB - Mobility Load Balancing, MRO - Mobility Robustness Optimization MobilityReliable coverage Coordination Qualcomm Technologies’ UltraSON Backhaul aware UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  13. 13. 13 Over-the-air hyper-dense network for all deployment scenarios All deployment scenarios at our campus work as one seamless network with UltraSON Outdoor metro/pico Only ~15m between small cells Primarily outdoor coverage Indoor Neighborhood Small Cells Indoor deployed also for outdoor coverage Full campus coverage and mobility Indoor enterprise Primarily for indoor coverage— typically limit coverage leakage to outdoor UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  14. 14. 14 Excellent outdoor performance with indoor small cell <3 Mbps 3 to 5 Mbps 5 to 7 Mbps 7 to 10 Mbps 10 to 15 Mbps 15 to 20 Mbps > 20 Mbps DL Throughput • All indoor NSCs, 23dBm each, • LTE-TDD, 20 MHz @ 2.6 GHz, 60:40 DL:UL ratio Low power indoor small cells (23dBm/200mw) Serving also outdoor users from the inside with a median outdoor user throughput of ~15 Mbps Shows the potential of the neighborhood small cell model and inside-out deployments
  15. 15. 15 World’s densest LTE small cells deployment brings 1000x closer to reality1 If an ‘unplanned’ deployment works at a Nascar venue—it should work everywhere! 1 World’s densest LTE outdoor small cell network as of 4/2014, based on prior publicly announced deployments 0 40m20
  16. 16. 16 Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small calls If ‘unplanned’ hyper-dense deployments work at NASCAR venue—it should work everywhere 0 40m20 World’s densest LTE outdoor network1 Extreme localized data demand, challenging RF conditions 40x more capacity than alt. solutions Compared to traditional portable macro solution2 Enabled by UltraSONTM Unplanned deployment, robust mobility, reliable user experience 31 small cells equivalent to 1000 cells/km2 in the garage area— 22m average site-to-site distance, and as little as 7m Dedicated spectrum (LTE TDD band 41) 1 World’s densest LTE outdoor small cell network as of 4/2014, based on prior publicly announced deployments. 2Compared to a Portable ‘cell on wheels’ site. Sprint/Nascar/Airspan/Qualcomm small cell demo took place March 2nd 2014 at the Phoenix international raceway UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. ~7m
  17. 17. 17 • Highly dynamic Radio Frequency (RF) conditions with reflections due to large trailer trucks, moving race teams, cars, crowds of spectators • Outdoor venue with limited RF isolation between small cells Extremely challenging RF conditions • Extreme data demand, from both teams and general public in a very small geographical area (the garage area)High capacity demand • Network deployed in an unplanned manner • No manual optimization possible ahead of the race since RF conditions change significantly when the trailer trucks and teams arrive Unplanned network • Word’s densest1 LTE small cell outdoor network with full mobility support and excellent user experience • Equivalent to 1000 Small Cells/km2 Densest1 LTE network LTE small cell trial at NASCAR Phoenix international raceway 1 World’s densest LTE outdoor small cell network as of 4/2014, based on prior publicly announced deployments. Sprint/Nascar/Airspan/Qualcomm small cell demo took place March 2nd 2014 at the Phoenix international raceway.
  18. 18. 18 0 40m20 Sprint/Nascar/Airspan/Qualcomm small cell demo took place March 2nd 2014 at the Phoenix international raceway Traditional deployment ‘Cell On Wheels’ Equivalent cell density: 9 cells/km2 Average site-to-site: 519m Spectrum: 5 + 5 MHz, LTE FDD Coverage: 0.11 km2 Measured Efficiency ~16 bps/Hz/km2 More than 40x capacity ‘Unplanned’ small cell deployment Equivalent cell density: 1107 cells/km2 Average site-to-site: 22m Spectrum: 20 MHz, LTE TDD (60%DL/40%UL) Coverage: 0.028 km2 Measured Efficiency ~660bps/Hz/km2 40x more capacity compared to traditional solutions Combined with more spectrum, shows that 1000x is feasible in real world environments
  19. 19. 19 UltraSON features and benefits demonstrated at NASCAR trial Mobility Management Transmit Power and Resource Management Frequent Handover Mitigation (FHM) Detect frequent handovers/ping-pongs and mitigate by adjusting device specific handover parameters Forward handover (FHO) Improved handover performance and reduction in network signaling Power and Resource Management (PM/RM)  Transmit Power Management to reduce Pilot/CRS2 pollution to improve SINR2 and mobility performance.  Resource partitioning between small cells to improve cell edge user performance (ICIC)1. 1 Based on 3GPPs ICIC (Inter Cell Interference Coordination) between small cells primarily in the frequency domain; adjacent small cells are assigned different resource blocks for Cell Edge User 2 CRS=Common Reference Signal, SINRS= Signal to Interference and Noise Ratio. 3 Typical macro experiences with SINR of ~ 6dB based on 3GPP TR 36.814 D1, 500m ISD macro model. 60% signaling load reduction with handover rate reduction FHM minimizes unnecessary handovers of stationary devices PM reduces handover boundaries Reliable user experience similar to typical macro cell Median SINR similar to macro experience3 thanks to ~ 4 dB gain with UltraSON turned on Nascar trial benefit examples UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  20. 20. 20 Cost-effective hyper-densification requires more ‘unplanned’ deployments And all deployment scenarios—residential, neighborhood small cells (NSC), enterprise, Metro/Pico Bringing 1000x closer to reality: hyper-dense small cells 1 Qualcomm technologies’ UltraSON™ is a key enabler to 1000x hyper-densification Solves multiple hyper-dense challenges; ‘unplanned’ small cells, robust mobility, reliable user experience 2 3 World’s densest ‘unplanned’ small cell deployment brings 1000x closer to reality1 If a deployment equivalent to ~1000 small cell per km2 works at a Nascar venue, it should work everywhere 1 World’s densest LTE outdoor small cell network as of 4/2014, based on prior publicly announced deployments. Sprint/Nascar/Airspan/Qualcomm small cell demo took place March 2nd 2014 at the Phoenix international raceway. UltraSON is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  21. 21. 21 Will There Be 1000x Demand? It’s Just a Matter of Time…
  22. 22. 22 Pushing wireless boundaries To learn more about 1000x, go to www.qualcomm.com/1000x To learn more about small cells, go to www.qualcomm.com/smallcells To learn more about small cells research: www.qualcomm.com/research/smallcells
  23. 23. 23 @Qualcomm_tech Questions? - Connect with Us BLOG http://www.qualcomm.com/blog/contributors/prakash-sangam http://www.slideshare.net/qualcommwirelessevolution http://storify.com/qualcomm_tech http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8AD95E4F585237C1&feature=plcp www.qualcomm.com/technology
  24. 24. 24 For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog © 2014 QUALCOMM Incorporated and/or its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Qualcomm, UltraSON, and FSM are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries, used with permission. Other products or brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s engineering, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QCT. Thank you Follow us on:

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