Konsultatīvie mehānismi - Īrijas piemērs

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Prezentācijas sagatavota projekta „Imigrantu intereses pārstāvošo NVO kapacitātes stiprināšana” ietvaros. Projektu finansē Eiropas Trešo valstu valstspiederīgo integrācijas fonds. Projekta …

Prezentācijas sagatavota projekta „Imigrantu intereses pārstāvošo NVO kapacitātes stiprināšana” ietvaros. Projektu finansē Eiropas Trešo valstu valstspiederīgo integrācijas fonds. Projekta finansēšanas avoti - Fonds 75% un valsts budžeta līdzekļi 25%.

Plašāk par projektu: http://www.providus.lv/public/27717.html

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  • The number of people applying for refugee status in the State increased from 39 in 1992 to 11,598 in the year 2002. The numbers declined to 4,265 in 2004. The people coming to Ireland on employment permits increased from about 3,000 in 1995, peaked at 47,551 in 2003 and declined to 34,067 in 2004 following the expansion of the EU and the restrictions introduced in the low skills labour market. The number of employment permits issued has been declining since. Working visa (issued to migrants from countries with Irish visa requirement) and work authorisations (issued to migrants from countries without visa requirement) are issued to highly skilled migrants. Employment permits are issued to the employer and are valid for 1 year. In year 2000, 991 working visa and 392 work authorisation were issued; in 2004 the figures were 1,003 working visa and 314 work authorisation were issued. The preliminary results of the 2006 census suggest that 10% of the Irish population were born outside the State. Working visa and work authorisations valid for 2 years are issued to the employee and the later has the flexibility of labour movement within the job sector.
  • The people coming to Ireland on employment permits increased from about 3,000 in 1995; 6,262 in 1999; 18,061 in 2000; 36,431 in 2001; 40,321 in 2002; peaked at 47,551 in 2003 and declined to 34,067 following the expansion of the EU and the restrictions introduced in the low skills job market. Working visa and work authorisations are issued to people working in highly skilled areas. Working visa figures from 2000 were as follows: 991 (2000); 2,667 (2001); 1,753 (2002); 791 (2003) and 1,003 (2004). Working authorisation figures from 2000 were as follows: 392 (2000); 1,082 (2001); 857 (2002); 367 (2003) and 314 (2004). Additionally, the number of people applying for refugee status has increased from 39 in 1992 to just over 10,000 in the year 2001. According to the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform (2005), at present there are about 28,000 non-EEA national students registered with the Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB).

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  • 1. Consultative Mechanisms on Immigrant Integration Policy Immigrant Council of Ireland Presentation by Jennifer Curtin Email: communications@immigrantcouncil.ie The conference takes place in the framework of the Project „Capacity building of NGOs representing third country nationals” that is financed by the European Fund for Third Country nationals (with 75% of funding coming from the Fund, and 25% from Latvian state budget).
  • 2. ntroduction of the Immigrant Council of Ireland(ICI)  Background  Vision  Mission
  • 3. Immigrant Council of Ireland Established in 2001 to deal with unprecedented rises in immigration. Independent human rights organisation. Advocates for the rights of immigrants and their families, and acts as a catalyst for public debate and policy change. The ICI is also an Independent Law Centre.
  • 4. mmigrant Council of Ireland One of the few independent law centre providing access to justice on immigration mattersrovides direct support to migrants and their families;upports infrastructure of information provision through work with other serviceproviders;as extensive knowledge of immigration system to inform policy developmentand advocacy;ses casework and litigation to effect change. Advocates effectively. Creates public debate and discussion regarding migrants and their families rights. Has an anti-racism service and monitoring mechanism. Provides specialised support to migrant women (anti trafficking work and
  • 5. Strategic GoalInfluence and effect change on immigrant law and policy.  Provide specialist immigration advocacy and support to immigrant groups at particular risk.  Contribute constructively to the public debate around immigration and foster increased participation of immigrants in relation to immigration reform.  Collaborate with, and support other organisations who provide services to immigrants and their families.  Develop our organisation so that it is sustainable, effective, and equitable and reflects Ireland’s diverse society and respects human rights.
  • 6. igration History of Ireland  Traditionally a country of emigration.  Vietnamese refugees – 1970s – 1980s.  Bosnian refugees – 1990s.  1994 onwards, onset of rapid economic growth, very large rise in immigration.  Asylum seekers: 1992 (39) – 2002 (11,598).  Migrant workers: Employment permit, working visa/work authorisation, business permission.  International students: historic, increased substantially by the Chinese.  Programme refugees: 2000 (10 families); 2006 (40 families).  New EU citizens – May 2004.  Bulgarian and Romanian nationals – 2008 (no visa requirement but not allowed to work without a work permit).
  • 7.  2002-2006 saw very fast growth in the number of non- nationals in Ireland, when the number doubled from 224,300 to 419, 733 in 4 years. 2006 Census -10% of foreign descent (nearly 420,000)  UK (103, 500 – 2002 and 112, 500 – 2006);  Other EU 25 (38, 400 – 2002 and 163,200 – 2006);  Rest of Europe (14,700 – 2002 and 24, 400 – 2006);  Africa (21,000 – 2002 and 35,300 – 2006);  Asia (21,800 – 2002 and 47,000 – 2006);  USA (11,400 – 2002 and 12,500 – 2006) and  Other countries (11,200 – 2002 and 22,400 – 2006)
  • 8.  Top Countries of Birth of the Irish Population (2006)  Ireland 3,559,284  England and Wales 204,746  Poland 63,090  Northern Ireland 50,172  USA 25,181  Lithuania 24,808  Scotland 16,863  Nigeria 16,677  Latvia 13,999  China 11,218
  • 9. Between 2006 and 2011 the number ofnon-Irish nationals, increased by 124,624persons, or 29.7 per cent, from 419,733to 544,357.
  • 10. istory of the Irish Consultative Body: MinisterialCouncil on Integrationffice for the Minister of Migrant Integration established.ow has become the Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration. SinceMarch 2011,there is no Minister now responsible for integration.ffice publishes a policy statement in 2008 entitled “Migration Nation”where the Irish government declares a commitment to the establishing ofa Ministerial Council on Integration.o assist and reflect the changed dynamic of migration into Ireland.o give advice to the Minister directly on issues faced by migrants.
  • 11. pplication Process of the Ministerial Council onIntegrationotice inviting expressions of interest from migrants forappointment to the Council.ublished in the National press on the 2nd June 2010 and inthe Regional Press shortly thereafter.ust fewer than 500 valid applications were received in theOffice of the Minister for Integration before the closing dateof the 7th July 2010.
  • 12. Characteristics• Unpaid and voluntary.• Applicants for appointment to the Council were required to have been legally residing in the State for more than two years or to have acquired citizenship.• Asylum seekers or subsidiary protection were not included.• Members of the Council appointed for a period of five years.• In making these appointments, the Minister took into account factors such as the need to have a balance between countries of origin, places of residence in Ireland and the desirability of having an appropriate gender balance.• It was open to individual migrants – didn’t have to be a member of a NGO or a group to apply.• Broad experiences and views of people who come from a broad spectrum of cultural and religious backgrounds and countries of origin were welcomed.• Intending applicants were to forward a Curriculum Vitae (stating country of origin also) and a covering letter outlining their background and the reasons they consider themselves suitable for appointment to the Ministerial Council to the Office of the Minister for Integration.
  • 13. Ministerial Council on Integration• The Council was to meet in regional formation and to consist of 15 to 20 members in each region.• Four regional forums to engage directly with migrants.• A Connacht/ Ulster forum which consisted of 15 members and met on October 7th 2010 for the first time.• A Dublin forum which consisted of 20 members and met on October 14th 2010 for the first time.• A Rest of Leinster forum which consisted of 19 members and convened on November 1st 2010 for the first time.• A Munster forum which consisted of 20 members and convened on November 11th 2010 for the first time.• Meetings of the Regional Forums of the Council were to take place approximately 2/ 3 times a year. A press release would be issued following each regional forum.• The Minister would chair meetings of the Council.
  • 14. ssues discussed/ achieved by the MinisterialCouncilatermarks on Birth Certificatesree Conversation English Classeselp for parents in finding a school where their child’s mother tongue istaught.ccess to Third Level Education
  • 15. Critique• Many migrant activists who were not successful were informed that the Minister was keen on ‘normal’ migrants as opposed to those affiliated with NGOs.• 5 who were unsuccessful told our Integration Manager that that they felt they had been excluded as they were familiar with the system, and civil servants felt they ‘would have been difficult to handle’. In their view, normal meant those who were not likely to ask the hard questions.• Not a transparent system of application. Did not specify that it wanted ‘normal’ applicants and was purely at the discretion of the Minister.• No laws requiring official authorities to respond to the recommendations of the Ministerial Council, it is purely advisory.• Purely advisory for the outset, suggests that the policy makers did not anticipate the Council becoming a space for making policy recommendations. Purely symbolic/ tokenistic?
  • 16. Critique• No clear objectives or mandate.• Names of those involved in running the Ministerial Council was not displayed.• Perhaps more effective if individuals are affiliated to NGOS, the individual is then responsible to their NGO -ensures that particular issues are voiced.• Did not last very long, and only two meetings held. New government took office in March 2011 with no Integration Minister, the council has not met since.• Did not last long enough to ascertain its influence on policy making in the areas of immigration and integration.
  • 17. ho responds to challenges faced by migrants inIrelandivil society has been advocating for political leadership on areas of migrationand integration.ivil society orgs. have been responding to the challenges faced by migrants -providing services including information, advice, support and in some caseslegal information.igrant-led organisations such as New Communities Partnership, AKIDWA,Africa Centre have been active in promoting social, cultural and politicalintegration.ave been commissioning research projects aimed at documenting theexperiences of migrants in Ireland.