Local Undocumented Migration Policy in the Municipality of Utrecht


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Local Undocumented Migration Policy in the Municipality of Utrecht

  1. 1. 1 Jan Braat Niene Oepkes Local Undocumented Migration Policy in the Municipality of Utrecht, The Netherlands Tampere september 10, 2013
  2. 2. 2 Situation Utrecht in the winter • Sleeping rough in the Utrecht forest area
  3. 3. 3 Basic Legal Principles Local Policy • Human Rights Treaties: a. European Convention on Human Rights (art 3) b. International Convention on the Rights of the Child c. EU Return Directive • European Committee of Social Rights: • Shelter for families with children, based on a ruling European Committee of Social Rights (2008) and of the High Court of the Netherlands (2012). First case was won in Utrecht. • Complaint by European Conference of Churches against the Dutch State 2013 (European Committee of Social Rights to Shelter undocumented migrants)
  4. 4. 4 Policy Objectives Utrecht Migrant Policy • Dutch municipalities are obliged to give shelter to vulnerable undocumented migrants by Dutch court decisions • Public Order competence Mayor Objective: To prevent and reduce illegal stay in the Netherlands The result is: • either a residence permit with coaching to education and work • or “reconnection” to the country of origin • Homelessness and rough sleeping on the street is not the solution, but part of the problem
  5. 5. 5 Utrecht Comprehensive Policy Undocumented Migrants Solution oriented and pragmatic coaching: 1. Support Centre Perspective former Unaccompanied Minors (18+) and Support centre Undocumented Migrants 2. Emergency shelter rejected asylum seekers 3. Medical shelter Undocumented Migrants 4. EU migrants successful approach Polish organization Barka reconnection and work
  6. 6. 6 How to handle the politics? • Successfactors: • Combine the solution for social problems and public order • An effective policy is as much non-political as possible • Create a network of simular Cities • Human Rights principles and EU directives are more important then national policies • Needs local politicians with backbone • Use media exposure to influence national policies. • Leaflet “ basic rights for undocumented migrants” in Utrecht • More cooperation of best practices by municipalities on successful local irregular migration policies
  7. 7. 7 Appendix results Utrecht migration policy Support Centre Perspective: • Award most successful social project in Utrecht 2004 • Public Order Award, City of Utrecht 2005 • Nomination Eurocities Award, Gdansk Poland 2007 • Results better then national policy • Experiment 20 municipalities 2009 - 2011 Successfactors of one-stop-shop support centre: 1. Respectful coaching based on trust in a homelike environment 2. Estimating chances on residence permit through excellent legal counselling 3. Increasing perspective of a future in countries of origin
  8. 8. 8 Results outflow national 16% 10% 74% Repatriation Status Unknown destination
  9. 9. 9 Total results Utrecht Perspective Approach (outflow) 19% 53% 9% 19% Repatriation Status Unknown destination Unknown destination after Plexa
  10. 10. 10 Barka-approach homeless EU migrants: • Successfactors local approach: • “leaders” who experienced and overcame homelessness and addiction • Assistant is social worker / psychologist who is the connection to Dutch society • Shelter and/or communities in country of origin • Results • 2012 in 6 Dutch cities (Utrecht, Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam, Eindhoven Arnhem) 325 reconnections • Utrecht 85% less criminal offences concerning Eastern EU migrants. No rough sleeping in the forests around Utrecht anymore • Barka is also working in London (2500 reconnections), Edinburgh, Dublin, Hamburg, Kopenhagen
  11. 11. 11 Barka “Communities“ in Poland