Management Devlopment
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Management Devlopment






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Management Devlopment Management Devlopment Presentation Transcript

  • Management Development Jun 7, 2009
  • Managerial Skills vs. developmental tool
    • Six important managerial skills
      • Observation
      • Monitor employee performance
      • Implementation of professional development programs
      • Demonstrate working knowledge and expertise
      • Good decision making
      • Ability to conduct and evaluate research
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Managerial skills framework Jun 7, 2009
  • Managerial Skills vs. developmental tool
    • How does development tool help
      • Involves converting abstract generalizations to behavior tailored to specific situations
      • It enhances behavioral and inter personal skills (moves up from cognitive learning to actually incorporating it)
      • Stresses on conceptual and general knowledge
      • Decision making under conditions of ambiguity(Mintzberg)
      • Structured practice skills workshop raises the ability of the learners to describe in detail their own and other’s behavior in a work context
      • It is a long term exercise and thus changes are not overnight
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Career Planning & Development
    • Career Planning
    • It’s a process through which a person:
    • evaluates his or her own abilities and interests,
    • considers alternative career opportunities,
    • establishes career goals and
    • plans practical developmental activities.
    • Career planning is important because it would help the individual to explore, choose and strive to derive satisfaction with one’s career objective.
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Development
    • Career development results from the matching of the individual with the organization.
    • Although organizations should take more responsibility for the development of human resources, they cannot take full responsibility for each individual’s career development.
    • Know yourself by taking a personal skills inventory to determine your strengths and weaknesses.
    • Analyze career opportunities
    • Establish Career goals – short term and long term
    • Review: There should be a continual process of evaluating and modifying career goals and plans over time.
    Jun 7, 2009
    • Improve Manpower Planning and Forecasting Systems
    • Improve Dissemination of Career Option Information
    • Special Assignments and Job Rotation
    • Sabbaticals, Flexible Working Hours
    • Assessment Centre / Development Centre
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Career Anchor
    • what people want most out of a career
    • There are 8 career anchors as defined by Edger Schein
    • You may combine a few of these career anchors, but there should be one at the top of your list
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 1. Autonomy/independence
    • wanting to be self reliant - useful with today's contracting out. These people have a primary need to work under their own rules and steam. They avoid standards and prefer to work alone
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 2. Security/stability
    • wanting to remain with one employer for life - not so likely any more.
    • Security-focused people seek stability and continuity as a primary factor of their lives. They avoid risks and are generally 'lifers' in their job.
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 3. Technical/functional competence
    • to identify with a professional discipline.
    • This kind of person likes being good at something and will work to become a guru or expert. They like to be challenged and then use their skill to meet the challenge, doing the job properly and better than almost anyone else
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 4. General management
    • having a broad, overview, facilitating role, not a specialist.
    • Unlike technical/functional people, these folks want to be managers (and not just to get more money, although this may be used as a metric of success). They like problem-solving and dealing with other people. They thrive on responsibility. To be successful, they also need emotional competence
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 5. Entrepreneurial creativity
    • a premium wherever innovation drives competitiveness
    • These folks like to invent things, be creative and, most of all, to run their own businesses. They differ from those who seek autonomy in that they will share the workload. They find ownership very important. They easily get bored. Wealth, for them, is a sign of success.
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 6. Service
    • dedication to worthwhile causes ranging from the environment to poverty. Service-oriented people are driven by how they can help other people more than using their talents (which may fall in other areas). They may well work in public services or in HR.
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 7. Pure challenge
    • just solving difficult problems - no pattern necessary
    • People driven by challenge seek constant stimulation and difficult problems that they can tackle. Such people will change jobs when the current one gets boring and their career can be very varied
    Jun 7, 2009
  • 8. Life style
    • disinclination to sacrifice life style solely for career advancement.
    • Those who are focused first on lifestyle look at their whole pattern of living. They not so much balance work and life as integrate it. They may even take long periods off work in which to indulge in passions such as sailing or traveling
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Career anchor as a tool
    • Further work required I am working on it
    • Rahul
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Career Stages – A simplified model Jun 7, 2009
  • Career Stages – A simplified model Jun 7, 2009
  • When to switch organization Jun 7, 2009
  • How to switch organization
    • Individuals focusing on themselves
    • Try to leave at your convenience and not the organization’s
    • Leave the org in good terms
    • Don’t leave your current job until you’ve landed with another one
    • Role of the organization
    • Org should also think and plan in terms of shorter relationships
    • Given the mobility among workers, org should spend time and energy in job design and equipment
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Dual Career Ladder
    • Compatibility
    Jun 7, 2009 Career Orientation Present Job setting A job is compatible with a career orientation when it involves job duties and assignments that the employee finds interesting, when it requires abilities that the employee possesses and values, and when it provides rewards that the employee finds desirable.
  • Career lines Jun 7, 2009 Senior level Mid-Level Developmental Supervisory (Managerial) Non- Supervisory (Technical) EG 4 EG 3 EG 2 EG 1 TM 5 TM 4 TM 3 TM 2 TM 1 ST 2 ST 1 EG 4 EG 3 EG 2 EG 1 TM 5 TM 4 TM 3 TM 2 TM 1 ST 2 ST 1
  • Dual career path system
    • Recognizes the diversity of career orientations and provides incentives that are consistent with employees' underlying career values.
      • Higher job satisfaction
      • Stronger commitment towards organisation
      • Lesser attrition
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Dual Career ladder Implications
    • All persons are governed by same set of values and goals is incorrect
    • Organizations need to understand diversity in employee population
    • Supervisor have a role of career developer
    • Coaching is important element of a manager’s job
    • Rewards may not be common across all groups of employees
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Dual Career Ladder
    • Branching point:
    • A person chooses (or is chosen for) either the managerial ladder or the technical ladder.
    • The titles are different in each ladder, but pay and perquisites same
    • Managerial ladder extends into the executive ranks, while the technical ladder stops far short of this.
      • Managerial ladder appear more desirable to ambitious young employees.
    • Switch back and forth: Between the managerial and technical ladders.
    • A good career strategy !
    • But switching between ladders is difficult and not done by very many employees.
    • Eg TML
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Succession Planning
    • Why ?
    • The continued existence of an organization over time require a succession of persons to fill key position .
    • When ?
    • Identify and develop people to replace current incumbents in key position for a variety of reasons.
    • Superannuation: Employees retiring because they reach a certain age.
    • Resignation: Employees leaving their current job to join a new job
    • Promotion: Employees moving upward in the hierarchy of the organization.
    • Diversification: Employees being redeployed to new activities.
    • Creation of New Position: Employees getting placed in new positions at the
    • same level.
    Jun 7, 2009
  • Jun 7, 2009
    • How ?
    • Within the organization :
    • Organizations should look inward to identify potential and make effort to groom people to higher and varied responsibilities.
    • Succession by people from within gives a shared feeling among employee that they can grow as the organization grows.
    • Outside the organization
    • When qualified and competent people are not available internally or when planning to launch a major expansion or diversification programmes requiring new ideas etc.., company’s may look outside the org.
    • Complete dependence on internal source may cause stagnation for the organization.
    • Succession planning is pro-active and future focused, and enables managers and supervisors to assess, evaluate, and develop a talent pool of individuals who are willing and able to fill positions when needed.
  • ThankYou Jun 7, 2009