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Agenda for today 1 2 3 Team introduction Groups and teams Types of teams SCENE 1 Teams aren‘t always the answer What makes a team successfull Turning individuals into team players conclusion 4 7 6 5
Teams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environment.
Teams facilitate employee involvement.
Teams are an effective way to democratize an organization and increase motivation.
Work Group A group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility. Work Team A group whose individual efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs. Team Versus Group: What’s the Difference?
Zach‘s employer, an office furniture manufacturer, recently reorganized around teams. All production in the company‘s factory is now done in teams. And Zach‘s design department has been broken up into three design teams. „ I‘ve worked here for four years. I am very good at what I do. And my performance reviews confirm that. I‘ve scored 96 percent or higher on my evaluation every year I‘ve been here. But now everything is changing. I‘m expected to be part of our modular-office design team. My evaluations and pay raises are going to depend on how well the team does. And, get this, 50 percent of my evaluation will be on how well I facilitate the performance of the team. I‘m really frustrated and demoralized. They hired me for my design skills. The knew I wasn‘t a social type. Now they‘re forcing me to a team player. This doesn‘t play to my strength at all.“ Is it unethical for Zach's employer to force him to be a team player? Is his firm breaking an implied contract that it made with him at the time he was hired? Does this employer have any responsibility to provide Zach with an alternative that would allow him to continue to work independently?
Members are representatives from a small number of often two social entities.
Factional groups process preexisting.
The greater the demographic difference the more conflict will occur. Which lead to a poor performance.
M embers of strong-faultline groups identified socially not with the group as a whole but with their demographically similar subgroups. S imilar people are attract to each other. Members do not function as a collective whole
How to balance heterogeneity? pro Heterogeneity within a group can enhance problem solving ability. against No! Diversity increases conflicts and decreases team performace. If you were asked to choose people from your class right now to make up a team for a class project, list five individuals you would choose. Now that you have your list, consider what the composition of your team would look like. How much diversity would there be?
Conclusion.... Managers should... What makes a team effective? Managers should modify the environment and select team-oriented individuals to increase the chance of developing effective teams Must be sure they have the right blend of mechanistic and organic structure to meet the contingencies they face.
Are small enough.
Are properly trained.
Allocated enough time.
Are given authority
Has a leader
Nowadays, the global business world is fast changing and highly competitive, increased use of decentralization of authority and increased use of teams. Decentralizing authority to lower-level employees and placing them in teams reduces the need for direct, personal supervision by managers, and organization become flatter.