The $5 Textbook
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The $5 Textbook

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The $5 Textbook The $5 Textbook Presentation Transcript

  • The $5 Textbook David WileyBrigham Young University Digital Promise
  • Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  • <1>
  • Education Is Sharing the context
  • Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  • Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  • If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  • Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  • Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  • Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  • Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  • When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  • An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  • Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without giving away
  • Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  • Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  • What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  • Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  • Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  • Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  • Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  • Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  • Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  • Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  • Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  • Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  • © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  • Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  • Use copyright to enforce sharing
  • The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  • Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  • The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  • Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  • </1>
  • <2>
  • $80average HS science textbook cost
  • 7 Yearsaverage life of HS textbook in UT
  • Absolutely Nohighlighting, underlining, note taking
  • Classroom Sets 1 laptop per child?< 1 textbook per child
  • “Open” Textbooks free 4R permissions
  • 4Rsreuse, revise, remix, redistribute
  • Digital or Printwhatever local infrastructure supports
  • Direct Engagementhighlighting, underlining, note taking
  • Take It Homein fact, just keep it
  • Free, Right?what does it cost?
  • You Get What You Pay For, Right? will students learn less?
  • UOT Pilot, Year 17 teachers, 1200 students
  • 4Rs PD2 days with teachers
  • 20%250 / 1250 pages
  • What Not To Doignore 4Rs, use 3 ring binders, print booklets, print small #s
  • Learning Impacts?
  • Statisticsmean = +3%median = -1%
  • UOT Pilot, Year 222 teachers, 2700 students
  • 20%250 / 1250 pages
  • $5.35$14,400 / 2690
  • 7 Year Cycle Open Biology $10.57 $5.16 Chemistry $10.86 $4.89Earth Systems $10 $4.61 Physics $11.43 N/A
  • 53%savings in year 2
  • From Lulu to CreateSpace price for year 3 will drop $1+
  • Calculatorhttp://opencontent.org/calculator/
  • USOE Stewardship statewide strategy winter 2012
  • Grades 6-12 = 278,000 language arts math science
  • Cost of Traditional Books Over Cycle $61,875,000Cost of Open Books Over Cycle $28,875,000Potential Savings Over Entire Cycle $33,000,000Potential Savings Per Year (at 53%) $4,714,286
  • </2>
  • <3>
  • Some Related Items not just UT, of course
  • WA HB 2337“provide professional development programs that offer support,guidance, and instruction regarding the creation, use, and continuousimprovement of open courseware”
  • Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150+ per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  • Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150 per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  • Project Kaleidoscope (NGLC) Preliminary research results
  • “How would you rate the quality of the texts used for this course?”Answer Response %WORSE than… 4 3%About the SAME AS… 67 56%BETTER than… 49 41%
  • “How do you feel about the online format of the texts used…?”Answer Response %I like it MORE than … 65 52%I have no preference 38 31%I like it LESS than… 21 17%
  • “Imagine a future course you are required to take. If two different sections were offered…”Answer Response %I would enroll in the section with 17 13%TRADITIONAL PUBLISHED TEXTSI would enroll in the section with 93 74%TEXTS LIKE THOSE OFFERED INTHIS COURSEI would have no preference 16 13%
  • </3>
  • <4>
  • What Does It All Mean? future implications
  • Transition to DigitalChairman Genachowski and Secretary Duncan how do open textbooks support?
  • Digitaldiagnostic and adaptive (interactive)
  • Open freefull local control (4Rs)
  • What If?what would a digital + open future look like?
  • </4>
  • Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent