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  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/

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  • 1. The $5 Textbook David WileyBrigham Young University Digital Promise
  • 2. Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  • 3. <1>
  • 4. Education Is Sharing the context
  • 5. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  • 6. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  • 7. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  • 8. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  • 9. Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  • 10. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  • 11. Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  • 12. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  • 13. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  • 14. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without giving away
  • 15. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  • 16. Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  • 17. What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  • 18. Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  • 19. Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  • 20. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  • 21. Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  • 22. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  • 23. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  • 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  • 25. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  • 26. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  • 27. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  • 28. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  • 29. Use copyright to enforce sharing
  • 30. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  • 31. Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  • 32. The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  • 33. Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  • 34. </1>
  • 35. <2>
  • 36. $80average HS science textbook cost
  • 37. 7 Yearsaverage life of HS textbook in UT
  • 38. Absolutely Nohighlighting, underlining, note taking
  • 39. Classroom Sets 1 laptop per child?< 1 textbook per child
  • 40. “Open” Textbooks free 4R permissions
  • 41. 4Rsreuse, revise, remix, redistribute
  • 42. Digital or Printwhatever local infrastructure supports
  • 43. Direct Engagementhighlighting, underlining, note taking
  • 44. Take It Homein fact, just keep it
  • 45. Free, Right?what does it cost?
  • 46. You Get What You Pay For, Right? will students learn less?
  • 47. UOT Pilot, Year 17 teachers, 1200 students
  • 48. 4Rs PD2 days with teachers
  • 49. 20%250 / 1250 pages
  • 50. What Not To Doignore 4Rs, use 3 ring binders, print booklets, print small #s
  • 51. Learning Impacts?
  • 52. Statisticsmean = +3%median = -1%
  • 53. UOT Pilot, Year 222 teachers, 2700 students
  • 54. 20%250 / 1250 pages
  • 55. $5.35$14,400 / 2690
  • 56. 7 Year Cycle Open Biology $10.57 $5.16 Chemistry $10.86 $4.89Earth Systems $10 $4.61 Physics $11.43 N/A
  • 57. 53%savings in year 2
  • 58. From Lulu to CreateSpace price for year 3 will drop $1+
  • 59. Calculatorhttp://opencontent.org/calculator/
  • 60. USOE Stewardship statewide strategy winter 2012
  • 61. Grades 6-12 = 278,000 language arts math science
  • 62. Cost of Traditional Books Over Cycle $61,875,000Cost of Open Books Over Cycle $28,875,000Potential Savings Over Entire Cycle $33,000,000Potential Savings Per Year (at 53%) $4,714,286
  • 63. </2>
  • 64. <3>
  • 65. Some Related Items not just UT, of course
  • 66. WA HB 2337“provide professional development programs that offer support,guidance, and instruction regarding the creation, use, and continuousimprovement of open courseware”
  • 67. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150+ per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  • 68. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150 per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  • 69. Project Kaleidoscope (NGLC) Preliminary research results
  • 70. “How would you rate the quality of the texts used for this course?”Answer Response %WORSE than… 4 3%About the SAME AS… 67 56%BETTER than… 49 41%
  • 71. “How do you feel about the online format of the texts used…?”Answer Response %I like it MORE than … 65 52%I have no preference 38 31%I like it LESS than… 21 17%
  • 72. “Imagine a future course you are required to take. If two different sections were offered…”Answer Response %I would enroll in the section with 17 13%TRADITIONAL PUBLISHED TEXTSI would enroll in the section with 93 74%TEXTS LIKE THOSE OFFERED INTHIS COURSEI would have no preference 16 13%
  • 73. </3>
  • 74. <4>
  • 75. What Does It All Mean? future implications
  • 76. Transition to DigitalChairman Genachowski and Secretary Duncan how do open textbooks support?
  • 77. Digitaldiagnostic and adaptive (interactive)
  • 78. Open freefull local control (4Rs)
  • 79. What If?what would a digital + open future look like?
  • 80. </4>
  • 81. Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent