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Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education
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Educause 2010 - Openness, Data, and a Sustainable Future for Education

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  • As paper became more affordable, dictations became the common form in early universities, and students hand wrote their own copies of texts.
  • CC By-NC-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelsray/3760100376/in/photostream/
  • With the “lecture text” we get wide margins, so that faculty can now dictate their annotations to students. Though universities temporarily ban dictations, students demand them and they continue.
  • And this is still our primary mode of instruction, 3000 years later.
  • Allan Collins talked about customization, learner control, production – technology enables these, but the law does not allow them.
  • http://wiki.creativecommons.org/File:Metrics_Updated.png
  • http://google.com/
  • http://google.com/
  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • What’s your university’s IP policy with regard to sharing curriculum materials or research products?
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/bogdansuditu/2892806613/
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • http://oercommons.org/
  • http://cnx.org/
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • http://romerocanyon.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Smokey-Bear-Only-You-Posters.jpg
  • Transcript

    • 1. Openness, Data and a Sustainable Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    • 2. Download These Slides http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
    • 3.  
    • 4.  
    • 5.  
    • 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gls-conference/4687537285/
    • 7. If the Book Didn’t Change Schools Can the computer? Can the internet? Can the LMS?
    • 8. Openness, Then Data A brief thought experiment…
    • 9.  
    • 10. Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
    • 11. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
    • 12. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
    • 13. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
    • 14. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    • 15. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
    • 16. Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
    • 17. &nbsp;
    • 18. &nbsp;
    • 19. &nbsp;
    • 20. &nbsp;
    • 21. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
    • 22. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
    • 23. Open, adj . Providing (1) access and (2) local control
    • 24. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
    • 25. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
    • 26. Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Keep it to yourself. Sue your neighbor. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
    • 27. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
    • 28. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
    • 29. Openness is the only means of doing education.
    • 30. If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
    • 31. Education, n . A relationship of sharing
    • 32. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
    • 33. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    • 34. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    • 35. Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
    • 36. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    • 37. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    • 38. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
    • 39. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
    • 40. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
    • 41. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
    • 42. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    • 43. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
    • 44. What Are We Doing? This increased capacity is a stewardship
    • 45. Open Educational Resources Open Course Ware Open Courses Open Textbooks
    • 46. Repository Examples
    • 47. &nbsp;
    • 48. &nbsp;
    • 49. &nbsp;
    • 50. OpenCourseWare Examples
    • 51. &nbsp;
    • 52. &nbsp;
    • 53. &nbsp;
    • 54. &nbsp;
    • 55. &nbsp;
    • 56. &nbsp;
    • 57. &nbsp;
    • 58. &nbsp;
    • 59. &nbsp;
    • 60. &nbsp;
    • 61. Open Courses Examples
    • 62. &nbsp;
    • 63. &nbsp;
    • 64. &nbsp;
    • 65. Open Textbook Examples
    • 66. &nbsp;
    • 67. &nbsp;
    • 68. Organizations
    • 69. &nbsp;
    • 70. &nbsp;
    • 71. &nbsp;
    • 72. Now, On to Data <ul><li>But first a brief joke </li></ul>
    • 73. &nbsp;
    • 74. &nbsp;
    • 75. &nbsp;
    • 76. &nbsp;
    • 77. &nbsp;
    • 78. &nbsp;
    • 79. &nbsp;
    • 80. Each and Every Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis to improve quality of service / experience </li></ul>
    • 81. Continuous Improvement Process <ul><li>(CIP) </li></ul>
    • 82. If Only We Could Get It… <ul><li>Education could engage in continuous quality improvement, too! </li></ul>
    • 83. &nbsp;
    • 84. &nbsp;
    • 85. &nbsp;
    • 86. Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
    • 87. Data Alone Don’t Enable CIP <ul><li>You need Openness + Data </li></ul>
    • 88. A Concrete Example <ul><li>Why you need BOTH </li></ul><ul><li>Openness + Data to CIP </li></ul>
    • 89. &nbsp;
    • 90. Bloom’s 2 Sigma Challenge <ul><li>Bloom, 1984 </li></ul>
    • 91. One-to-One Tutoring <ul><li>And other methods compared to 30 students in the classroom </li></ul>
    • 92. Average Tutored Student +2sd <ul><li>In other words, the average student is capable of much more </li></ul>
    • 93. Tutoring is Expensive <ul><li>So we teach class instead! </li></ul>
    • 94. Bloom, 1984 <ul><li>If the research on the 2 sigma problem yields practiced methods (methods that the average teacher or school faculty can learn in a brief period of time and use with little more cost or time than conventional instruction), it would be an educational contribution of the greatest magnitude . (p. 5) </li></ul>
    • 95. To Tutor Or Not to Tutor? <ul><li>That is the (false) question </li></ul>
    • 96. “ Intelligent” Tutors <ul><li>Have different scalability problems </li></ul><ul><li>Dehumanize learning </li></ul>
    • 97. “ Strategic Tutoring” <ul><li>What if we could do one-on-one tutoring just-in-time and just-on-topic? </li></ul>
    • 98. Would Require Lots of Data <ul><li>Where can we get it all? </li></ul>
    • 99. Would Require New Model <ul><li>Institutional commitment </li></ul>
    • 100. &nbsp;
    • 101. What Kind of Data? <ul><li>When they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>How long they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway information, Item-by-item analytics , </li></ul><ul><li>&amp;c. </li></ul>
    • 102. OHSU Teaching Model <ul><li>Online curriculum teaches as much as possible, teachers do proactive “strategic tutoring” </li></ul>
    • 103. Teacher Becomes Tutor <ul><li>Has the curriculum replaced the teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>As broadcast machinery, yes. </li></ul>
    • 104. Are You Even Allowed to CIP? <ul><li>Data aren’t sufficient – you need permission </li></ul>
    • 105. Open Educational Resources <ul><li>Give OHSU the permissions it needs to engage in continuous improvement </li></ul>
    • 106. “ 4R” Permissions Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    • 107. OHSU Charter Requires OER <ul><li>Founders’ way of “burning the ships” and fully committing to CIP </li></ul>
    • 108. Conjoint CIP <ul><li>Student learning and curriculum effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>grow simultaneously </li></ul>
    • 109. Feedback Loop Curriculum Use Curriculum Redesign Student Performance Data Data Describing Curriculum Performance Data Supporting Strategic Tutoring
    • 110. But Tutoring Data are Out-of-Band! <ul><li>Using customer relationship management </li></ul><ul><li>(CRM) tools </li></ul>
    • 111. &nbsp;
    • 112. Visualizing Educational Data <ul><li>Creating new visualization techniques to support teaching and learning </li></ul>
    • 113. &nbsp;
    • 114. Openness + Data Are Required For Continuous Improvement Processes
    • 115. Openness + Data Are Required For us to stay competitive and relevant in a changing post-secondary ecosystem
    • 116. If the Book Didn’t Change Schools Can openness? Can data? Can openness + data?
    • 117. &nbsp;
    • 118. Reconsider Your Stewardship Please – for yourself, your institution, and your students
    • 119. Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/

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