Teaching Technique - a manner of accomplishing teaching objectives.(Paulsen) Pedagogical Technique - form used to present material to be learned e.g. lecture, panel, and group discussion. (Boyle)
TECHNIQUES ACCORDING TO STUDENT INTERACTION WITH LEARNING RESOURCES one-alone techniques one-to-one techniques one-to-many techniques many-to-many techniques
Framework of classes of pedagogical CMC techniques ONE-ALONE: characterized by retrieval of information from online resources and the fact that a student can perform the learning task without communication with the teacher or other students. ONE-TO-ONE: can be conducted via e-mail applications ONE-TO-MANY: will typically be conducted via bulletin boards or distribution lists for e-mail. MANY-TO-MANY:can be organized within computer conferencing systems, bulletin board systems, or distribution lists for e-mail.
Many-to-many Techniques Debates Simulations or games Role Plays Case studies Discussion groups Transcript based assignments Brainstorming Delphi Techniques Nominal group techniques Forums Project groups
“Theory without practice leads to an empty idealism, and action without philosophical reflection leads to mindless activism.”(Elias & Merriam)
So, have in mind… The three generations of distance education pedagogy (1)
Three Generations of Flexible Learning Pedagogies
…individual participant’s success with online communication depends on effective use of the technical resources available, along with the guidance and leadership provided by a skilled instructor moderator and tempered by the learner’s own capabilities and preferences for collaborative, cooperative, active, and self-directed learning. (Fahy)
Web 2.0 Tools
Many institutions support learning by taking full advantage of the emerging technologies. Web 2.0 tools are a facilitator element of online teaching for they provide “both the content of learning, and the tools to promote learning itself.” (Bawden et al.)
Anita Rosen, president of ReadyGo, talks about e-learning on youtube (2):
Are you prepared to 21st century e-learning?Look through the list(3) and tick on the ones you believe you have. Share your results and comments.
REFERENCES Bawden, D., et al. (2007). “Towards Curriculum 2.0: library / information education for a Web 2.0 world”. Library and Information Research. http://www.lirg.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/viewFile/49/74 Boyle, P. G. (1981). Planning Better Programs. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. Elias, J. L., & Merriam, S. (1980). Philosophicalfoundationsofadulteducation. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger. Fahy, P. (2008). “Characteristics of interactive online learning media”. The theory and practice of online learning. AU Press Athabasca University. 167-200http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/ Paulsen, M.(1995) The Online Report on Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication. NKI. Oslo. http://www.nettskolen.com/forskning/19/cmcped.html
Links(1) Three Generations of Distance Education Pedagogy: http://cider.athabascau.ca/CIDERSessions/tanderson/cider%203%20generations%20of%20DE.pdf(2)Anita RosenReadyGohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXeV-MhIocM&feature=player_embedded(3)Teachers' digital skillsticklisthttp://urtak.com/u/1826Paula Silva – E-learning Student at UniversidadeAberta. http://percursodeestudoseme-learning.blogspot.com/