Pedagogical Technique - form used to present material to be learned e.g. lecture, panel, and group discussion. (Boyle)
TECHNIQUES ACCORDING TO STUDENTINTERACTION WITH LEARNING RESOURCESone-alone techniquesone-to-one techniquesone-to-many techniquesmany-to-many techniques
ONE-ALONE: characterized by retrieval of information fromonline resources and the fact that a student can perform thelearning task without communication with the teacher or otherstudents.ONE-TO-ONE: can be conducted via e-mail applicationsONE-TO-MANY: will typically be conducted via bulletinboards or distribution lists for e-mail.MANY-TO-MANY: can be organized within computerconferencing systems, bulletin board systems, or distributionlists for e-mail.
DebatesSimulations or gamesRole PlaysCase studiesDiscussion groupsTranscript based assignmentsBrainstormingDelphi TechniquesNominal group techniquesForumsProject groups
Three Generations of Flexible Learning Pedagogies Behaviourist/ Cognitive learning - Self Paced, Individual Study Networked Learning - Constructivist using - Group Connectivist learning Pedagogy
…individual participant’s success with onlinecommunication depends on effective use of thetechnical resources available, along with theguidance and leadership provided by a skilledinstructor moderator and tempered by thelearner’s own capabilities and preferences forcollaborative, cooperative, active, and self-directed learning. (Fahy)
Many institutions support learningby taking full advantage of theemerging technologies. Web 2.0tools are a facilitator element ofonline teaching for they provide“both the content of learning, andthe tools to promote learning itself.”(Bawden et al.)
Are you prepared to 21st century e-learning?Look through thelist (3) and tick on the ones youbelieve you have. Share your results and comments.
REFERENCES Bawden, D., et al. (2007). “Towards Curriculum 2.0: library / informationeducation for a Web 2.0 world”. Library and Information Research.http://www.lirg.org.uk/lir/ojs/index.php/lir/article/viewFile/49/74Boyle, P. G. (1981). Planning Better Programs. New York: McGraw-Hill BookCompany.Elias, J. L., & Merriam, S. (1980). Philosophical foundations of adulteducation. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger.Fahy, P. (2008). “Characteristics of interactive online learning media”. Thetheory and practice of online learning. AU Press Athabasca University. 167-200http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/Paulsen, M.(1995) The Online Report on Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication. NKI. Oslo.http://www.nettskolen.com/forskning/19/cmcped.html
Links(1) Three Generations of Distance Education Pedagogy:http://cider.athabascau.ca/CIDERSessions/tanderson/cider%203%20generations%20of%20DE.pdf(2) Anita Rosen ReadyGohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXeV-MhIocM&feature=player_embedded(3) Teachers digital skills tick listhttp://urtak.com/u/1826Paula Silva – E-learning Student at Universidade Aberta.http://percursodeestudoseme-learning.blogspot.com/