The vietnam war
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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Why was Vietnam divided?
    • Why did the United States become involved in the conflict?
    • Why did many Americans oppose the war?
    • How did the youth and counterculture affect government policy?
    • How did the Johnson and Nixon Administrations differ in their war goals?
    • How did this loss change American Cold War policies
  • 3.
    • Nov 1, 1955-Apr 30, 1975
    • Neighbor of Red China
    • Ho Chi Minh the leader of N Vietnam
    • Ngo Dinh Diem was the leader of S Vietnam
    • 17th parallel
  • 4.
    • North Vietnam=Communist
    • South Vietnam=Republic (backed by the U.S.)
    • Vietcong=rebels in South Vietnam that supported communism
  • 5.
    • Stop the spread of communism
    • 16,000 troops in Vietnam by 1963
    • Diem loses his people’s support and he is assassinated in 1963
    • Secretary of defense believed in cutting cost by modernizing the armed forces
  • 6.
    • “ I am not going to lose Vietnam”
    • “ We’re not sending over American boys to do what Asian boys should be doing”
    • Gulf of Tonkin had a major impact on the U.S. involvement in Vietnam
    • By 1965, the Vietcong, had a strong hold in South Vietnam
  • 7.
    • Ho Chi Minh trail allowed supplies to get through Vietnam easily
    • 1965 saw tremendous growth of U.S. presence in Vietnam
    • Jungle warfare with the Vietcong and bombing of North Vietnam
    • Tet offensive by the Vietcong
  • 8.
    • Who is the enemy?
    • U.S. soldiers walked through jungles with 10ft. Tall elephant grass across flooded rice paddies
    • Fought leaches, fever, jungle rot, and snakes
    • U.S. harmed civilians with bombs, agent orange, and napalm
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Village that supposedly housed 250 Vietcong
    • Instead had women and children
    • U.S. solders given the order to kill them all
    • 175 killed and more than 400 wounded
    • Helicopter crew stopped them
  • 12.
    • Many student protests
    • Pentagon lied about Vietnam
    • Resistance to war
      • Draft
      • Couldn’t afford college, you most likely would be drafted
      • People used excuses such as physical disabilities to avoid being drafted
      • Some left the country
  • 13.
      • Racial war?
      • Others supported the war
      • Many bumper stickers
  • 14.
    • Counterculture
      • Sex, drugs, rock and roll, hippies, and dress
      • There is a sexual revolution as many couples begin to live together outside of marriage
      • Illegal drugs become more prominent
      • Rock and roll events get out of control
  • 15.
    • Vietnamization-removing American troops and replacing them with Vietnamese soldiers
    • Severely decreased the military between 1968-1972
    • Kent St.
    • Sign an agreement in Paris in January 1973 withdrawing all forces within 60 days
  • 16.
    • Fighting continues after the treaty
    • April 30, 1975, Saigon is surrounded and South Vietnam surrenders and Vietnam is reunited
  • 17.
    • 58,000 Americans died
    • 150 billion dollars spent in direct expenses
    • Cambodia and Laos also fall to communism
    • No love for the troops