The vietnam war

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The vietnam war

  1. 1. An Overview
  2. 2.  The U.S. was involved in a long military conflict in Vietnam from 1962 to 1973 Vietnam was divided into two countries ◦ North Vietnam was controlled by the communists ◦ South Vietnam was backed by western countries The country was reunited as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam after the war The U.S. and Vietnam now recognize each other and are trading partners Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia
  3. 3.  Vietnam is located south of the People’s Republic of China It’s bordered on the east by the Gulf of Tonkin and the South China Sea To the west is Laos, Cambodia, and the Gulf of Thailand
  4. 4.  1948 – U.S. institutes a peacetime “draft” requiring mandatory registration for young men 1955 – U.S. sends the first military advisers to South Vietnam 1959 – First American soldiers killed 1964 – Congress approves Gulf of Tonkin resolution leading to a large buildup of U.S. troops 1967 – Congressional opposition to the war increases
  5. 5.  1968 – Tet Offensive signals a major escalation in the war 1968 – My Lai Massacre weakens Americans support for the war 1969 – Expanded peace talks open in Paris
  6. 6.  1969 – Major anti-war demonstrations begin 1969 – U.S. abandons the idea of a "purely military victory" 1969 – "Vietnam Moratorium" enlists one million Americans to protest the war
  7. 7.  1969 – The first draft lottery in 27 years instituted 1969 – Major troop reductions announced 1969 – "Silent Majority" pits itself against the war protestors
  8. 8.  1970 – Four Kent State college student protesters shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen 1971 – Gulf of Tonkin resolution repealed 1971 – Lieutenant Calley convicted for the My Lai Massacre
  9. 9.  1971 – Pentagon Papers published exposing secret war plans 1972 – Troop levels in Vietnam reduced to 69,000
  10. 10.  1973 – Final stage of peace talks begin leading to a cease fire 1973 - Official end of the Vietnam War 1973 – A total of 587 military and civilian prisoners released by North Vietnam
  11. 11.  1973 – Remaining 2,500 troops withdrawn from South Vietnam ending all military involvement 1991 – U.S. office is established in Hanoi to investigate American MIAs 1991 – Relations normalized with Vietnam 1995 –U.S. restores diplomatic relations with Vietnam
  12. 12.  Longest war in US history (11 years) A state of "war" was never officially declared by the United States Total bombs dropped during war equaled seven million tons ◦ 3½ times the explosive tonnage dropped in WWII ◦ 1,000 lbs. for every man, woman, and child in Vietnam
  13. 13.  Over seventy-thousand draft evaders and "dodgers" were living in Canada by 1972 A total of three million people were killed and over one million wounded 58,148 U.S. soldiers killed
  14. 14.  “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana (1863-1952) To avoid war, we must understand its consequences For this reason the Vietnam War Memorial was commissioned in 1982 The centerpiece contains the names of all of the U.S. soldiers killed during the war: It’s called “The Wall”
  15. 15.  Besides “The Wall”, the area contains two other memorials: The Three Soldiers and the Vietnam Women’s Memorial Maya Lin, an art student, designed “The Wall”

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