Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
© 2008 Teacher’s Brunch
Vietnam War 
• Longest in U.S. history 
• Lasted from 1959 -1975 
• Cost the U.S. $200 billion 
• Nearly 58,000 Americans ...
Vietnam Vitals 
• Rich in many natural resources 
• First conquered by China 
• France came in 
the 1500s for 
spices 
• V...
Vietnam & WW2 
• Conquered by Japan in WW2 
• French were preoccupied in Europe 
• U.S. assisted Vietnam in fighting 
agai...
Ho Chi Minh 
• Brought independence 
to Vietnam 
• Once an ally to the 
United States 
• Preferred Communism 
to capitalis...
Vietnam’s First Independence 
• Not recognized by U.S. 
• President Truman was concerned 
about growth of Communism 
• U.S...
Battle of Dien Bien Phu 
• Fought in Spring of 1954 
• 50,000 Vietnamese surround 
13,000 French 
• U.S. refuses to get in...
Vietnam Divided 
• Communists feared U.S. 
involvement 
• Compromise was reached 
• 17th parallel divided north & south 
•...
Domino Theory 
• U.S. policy in Southeast Asia 
• Support countries resisting Communism 
• When one country falls, others ...
Ngo Dinh Diem 
• South Vietnam leader 
• Educated in the west 
• Governed from 1954-1960 
• Viewed as a corrupt dictator
American Dilemma 
• Diem was an unpopular leader 
• Elections would result in a Communist victory 
• The Vietnam Domino 
w...
General Taylor & Vietnam 
• 8,000 men needed to resist 
communist takeover now! 
• China might enter the war 
• Vietnam wo...
Deaths of Two Leaders 
• Diem overthrown and murdered in Saigon on 
November 1, 1963 
• Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Te...
LBJ and Vietnam 
• Johnson took over presidency after JFK’s death 
• Johnson increased American 
involvement 
• Johnson wa...
Maddox Incident 
• American destroyer fired on 
by North Vietnamese 
• Communist PT Boat destroyed 
• Johnson orders strik...
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
War Escalates 
• Viet Cong continue to 
invade South 
• March on Ho Chi Minh trail 
• Viet Cong employ guerilla 
warfare, ...
Operation Rolling Thunder 
• U.S. bombing of 
Ho Chi Minh trail 
• Stop supply and troop 
movements 
• Inspired Communists...
U.S. Troops in Vietnam 
• Jan. 1965 – 20,000 
• Dec.1965 – 200,000 
• Jan. 1968 – 540,000
Vietnam Battle Tactics 
• Disguised themselves as locals 
• Don’t face Americans on battlefield 
• Retreat to tunnels 
• 1...
Battle of Ia Drang Valley 
• First major engagement between U.S. 
and North Vietnamese 
• Largest and last major land batt...
Lt. Colonel Hal Moore 
“I will leave no man behind… 
Dead or alive. We will all come 
home together.” 
(The Valley of Deat...
Tunnel Rats 
• Small American soldiers 
• Crawled into tunnels to 
fight Viet Cong 
• Tunnels were booby trapped 
• Played...
Tet Offensive 
• Launched during Vietnamese New Year 
• 100 South Vietnamese cities and towns attacked 
• Took Americans t...
Battle of Hue 
• Major battle in Tet Offensive 
• 142 Marines and 384 South Vietnamese 
killed over 24 days 
• North Vietn...
Marine Private John Moore 
“I dove over a wall after crossing the street a couple of 
times. Cement chips and branches fle...
The Homefront 1968 
• Americans divided over the war 
• Hawks supported the cause 
• Doves opposed the U.S. in Vietnam 
• ...
The Homefront continued 
• First draft since Korean War 
• Some protestors burned draft cards 
• 50,000 marched on Pentago...
Controversy Continues 
• LBJ does not seek re-election in 1968 
• Vice President Humphrey opposes Johnson’s 
wartime polic...
Lyndon B. Johnson 
“I will not, I shall not, seek another term as 
your President.” (March 31, 1968)
General Westmoreland 
• Exaggerated death and casualty figures to 
garner support for war 
• “Life” magazine portrayed a d...
1968 
• MLK assassinated in April 
• Bobby Kennedy assassinated in June 
• Major riots in August at the 
Democratic Nation...
1968 Election 
• Nixon runs against Humphrey and Wallace 
• His campaign slogan was “Peace with Honor” 
• 18 year olds cou...
Songs of Protest, 
Songs of Support 
• Bob Dylan 
Click here for a sample of “Blowin’ in the Wind” 
• The Kingston Trio 
C...
Hanoi Jane 
• Jane Fonda visits North Vietnam 
• Meets with American POWs 
• Continued controversy
Songs of Protest, 
Songs of Support continued 
• Barry Sadler 
• Merle Haggard 
Click here for a sample of “The Ballad of ...
My Lai Massacre 
• March 16, 1968 
• Led by Lt. Calley 
• 350 innocent Vietnamese 
women, children, and 
elderly were kill...
Vietnam Moratorium Day 
• October 15, 1969 
• 1 million Americans protest the war 
• Single largest demonstration in U.S. ...
Kent State University 
• Demonstrations at Kent State University in 1970 
• Ohio National Guard is called in 
• Four stude...
War Ends? 
• Nixon turns war over to South 
Vietnamese 
• Policy is called Vietnamization 
• Henry Kissinger negotiates fo...
South Vietnam Collapses 
• Americans leave and Communists 
keep advancing on the South 
• President Ford wants to interven...
Vietnam Finale 
• Longest “war” in U.S. history 
• Total price tag: $200 Billion
Statistics Continued 
• Military hardware left behind 
• 3.5 times more bombs dropped 
than WWII 
• Three million people k...
30 Years Later 
• Trade embargo lifted in 1994 
• President Clinton visited Vietnam in 2000 
• Evidence of U.S. presence e...
Reasons for Getting Out 
• Guerilla warfare 
• Tunnels and booby traps 
• Morale at home
Vietnam Today 
• 30 years as one nation 
• “United” under Communism 
• Signs of progress
Ho Chi Minh’s Legacy 
• Ho died in 1969 
• The George Washington of Vietnam 
• People visit his body daily in Hanoi
Vietnam Today 
• Most favored nation trading status with U.S. 
• Full diplomatic relations with the United States
Vietnam Vets 
• 87% of Americans hold great esteem 
for Vietnam Vets 
• Vietnam Vets have lowest unemployment 
rates of al...
Vietnam in the Movies 
• Many famous, well-respected films 
• Often critical of government and war, in general 
• Most not...
Forrest Gump 
QuickTime™ and a 
YUV420 codec decompressor 
are needed to see this picture. 
Click the movie above to play ...
Apocalypse Now 
QuickTime™ and a 
YUV420 codec decompressor 
are needed to see this picture. 
Click the movie above to pla...
Full Metal Jacket 
QuickTime™ and a 
YUV420 codec decompressor 
are needed to see this picture. 
Click the movie above to ...
Full Metal Jacket 
QuickTime™ and a 
YUV420 codec decompressor 
are needed to see this picture. 
Click the movie above to ...
Good Morning, Vietnam 
QuickTime™ and a 
YUV420 codec decompressor 
are needed to see this picture. 
Click the movie above...
Vietnam Veterans in 
Government 
• 13 veterans in the U.S. House of Reps. 
• 5 veterans in the U.S. Senate 
• Senators Ker...
Vietnam Memorial 
• Most-visited site in D.C. 
• 58,000 names on the wall 
• A tribute to those who 
served and who died
Post Traumatic Stress 
Disorder 
• Once called “shell shock” 
and “Post-Vietnam Syndrome” 
• New term and diagnosis in the...
Agent Orange 
• Developed in the 1940's 
• Herbicide that controls plant growth 
• 6 million gallons dumped on Vietnam bet...
Agent Orange Continued 
• Chemical shipped in 55 gallon drums barrels 
were orange striped 
• Vets exposed to it have more...
Lasting Legacy 
• New ways to look at war 
• Critical of government 
• Continued involvement with 
smaller countries 
• Ve...
Click here for affordable interactive whiteboards: 
http://www.teachersdiscovery.com/VboardAd/
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Vietnam War PPT

10,246 views

Published on

English 10 PPT

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Vietnam War PPT

  1. 1. © 2008 Teacher’s Brunch
  2. 2. Vietnam War • Longest in U.S. history • Lasted from 1959 -1975 • Cost the U.S. $200 billion • Nearly 58,000 Americans died
  3. 3. Vietnam Vitals • Rich in many natural resources • First conquered by China • France came in the 1500s for spices • Vietnam resisted Imperialism
  4. 4. Vietnam & WW2 • Conquered by Japan in WW2 • French were preoccupied in Europe • U.S. assisted Vietnam in fighting against Japanese • Vietnam becomes free at the war’s end
  5. 5. Ho Chi Minh • Brought independence to Vietnam • Once an ally to the United States • Preferred Communism to capitalism • Followers were called Viet Minh
  6. 6. Vietnam’s First Independence • Not recognized by U.S. • President Truman was concerned about growth of Communism • U.S. backed French return in 1946
  7. 7. Battle of Dien Bien Phu • Fought in Spring of 1954 • 50,000 Vietnamese surround 13,000 French • U.S. refuses to get involved • French surrender
  8. 8. Vietnam Divided • Communists feared U.S. involvement • Compromise was reached • 17th parallel divided north & south • Ho Chi Minh led Communist north • Diem led Anti-Communist south
  9. 9. Domino Theory • U.S. policy in Southeast Asia • Support countries resisting Communism • When one country falls, others will follow?
  10. 10. Ngo Dinh Diem • South Vietnam leader • Educated in the west • Governed from 1954-1960 • Viewed as a corrupt dictator
  11. 11. American Dilemma • Diem was an unpopular leader • Elections would result in a Communist victory • The Vietnam Domino would fall • JFK sends in 1,500 “Advisors”
  12. 12. General Taylor & Vietnam • 8,000 men needed to resist communist takeover now! • China might enter the war • Vietnam would become another Korea • Military increases from 1,500 to 16,000 Americans
  13. 13. Deaths of Two Leaders • Diem overthrown and murdered in Saigon on November 1, 1963 • Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963
  14. 14. LBJ and Vietnam • Johnson took over presidency after JFK’s death • Johnson increased American involvement • Johnson wanted to save South Vietnam
  15. 15. Maddox Incident • American destroyer fired on by North Vietnamese • Communist PT Boat destroyed • Johnson orders strike on North Vietnam naval bases • Johnson’s popularity increases
  16. 16. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  17. 17. War Escalates • Viet Cong continue to invade South • March on Ho Chi Minh trail • Viet Cong employ guerilla warfare, or hit and run, hide and seek tactics
  18. 18. Operation Rolling Thunder • U.S. bombing of Ho Chi Minh trail • Stop supply and troop movements • Inspired Communists to fight on
  19. 19. U.S. Troops in Vietnam • Jan. 1965 – 20,000 • Dec.1965 – 200,000 • Jan. 1968 – 540,000
  20. 20. Vietnam Battle Tactics • Disguised themselves as locals • Don’t face Americans on battlefield • Retreat to tunnels • 125 miles of tunnels in 1965 • Landmines and booby traps
  21. 21. Battle of Ia Drang Valley • First major engagement between U.S. and North Vietnamese • Largest and last major land battle • Called “The Valley of Death” • 247 Americans killed and 1,500 North Vietnamese
  22. 22. Lt. Colonel Hal Moore “I will leave no man behind… Dead or alive. We will all come home together.” (The Valley of Death, 1965)
  23. 23. Tunnel Rats • Small American soldiers • Crawled into tunnels to fight Viet Cong • Tunnels were booby trapped • Played a valuable role in the war
  24. 24. Tet Offensive • Launched during Vietnamese New Year • 100 South Vietnamese cities and towns attacked • Took Americans three months to get the upper hand
  25. 25. Battle of Hue • Major battle in Tet Offensive • 142 Marines and 384 South Vietnamese killed over 24 days • North Vietnamese losses were 8,000
  26. 26. Marine Private John Moore “I dove over a wall after crossing the street a couple of times. Cement chips and branches flew everywhere. It was so bad we couldn’t even pop up and fire.”
  27. 27. The Homefront 1968 • Americans divided over the war • Hawks supported the cause • Doves opposed the U.S. in Vietnam • Tet Offensive divided nation more
  28. 28. The Homefront continued • First draft since Korean War • Some protestors burned draft cards • 50,000 marched on Pentagon • 70,000 fled to Canada and other countries
  29. 29. Controversy Continues • LBJ does not seek re-election in 1968 • Vice President Humphrey opposes Johnson’s wartime policies • Candidate Nixon says he will end the war
  30. 30. Lyndon B. Johnson “I will not, I shall not, seek another term as your President.” (March 31, 1968)
  31. 31. General Westmoreland • Exaggerated death and casualty figures to garner support for war • “Life” magazine portrayed a different picture • More Hawks were becoming Doves • 1,000 U.S. soldiers were dying monthly
  32. 32. 1968 • MLK assassinated in April • Bobby Kennedy assassinated in June • Major riots in August at the Democratic National Convention
  33. 33. 1968 Election • Nixon runs against Humphrey and Wallace • His campaign slogan was “Peace with Honor” • 18 year olds could fight, but could not vote
  34. 34. Songs of Protest, Songs of Support • Bob Dylan Click here for a sample of “Blowin’ in the Wind” • The Kingston Trio Click here for a sample of “Where Have All the Flowers Gone?”
  35. 35. Hanoi Jane • Jane Fonda visits North Vietnam • Meets with American POWs • Continued controversy
  36. 36. Songs of Protest, Songs of Support continued • Barry Sadler • Merle Haggard Click here for a sample of “The Ballad of the Green Berets” Click here for a sample of “Okie from Muskogee”
  37. 37. My Lai Massacre • March 16, 1968 • Led by Lt. Calley • 350 innocent Vietnamese women, children, and elderly were killed • The war had reached its lowest point
  38. 38. Vietnam Moratorium Day • October 15, 1969 • 1 million Americans protest the war • Single largest demonstration in U.S. history • College campuses divided
  39. 39. Kent State University • Demonstrations at Kent State University in 1970 • Ohio National Guard is called in • Four students are killed and ten wounded • Nixon calls demonstrators “Bums” Click here to play a sample from “Ohio”
  40. 40. War Ends? • Nixon turns war over to South Vietnamese • Policy is called Vietnamization • Henry Kissinger negotiates for U.S. • POWs released in 1973 Republican Senator John McCain
  41. 41. South Vietnam Collapses • Americans leave and Communists keep advancing on the South • President Ford wants to intervene, but Congress refuses • Saigon falls
  42. 42. Vietnam Finale • Longest “war” in U.S. history • Total price tag: $200 Billion
  43. 43. Statistics Continued • Military hardware left behind • 3.5 times more bombs dropped than WWII • Three million people killed and one million wounded
  44. 44. 30 Years Later • Trade embargo lifted in 1994 • President Clinton visited Vietnam in 2000 • Evidence of U.S. presence everywhere
  45. 45. Reasons for Getting Out • Guerilla warfare • Tunnels and booby traps • Morale at home
  46. 46. Vietnam Today • 30 years as one nation • “United” under Communism • Signs of progress
  47. 47. Ho Chi Minh’s Legacy • Ho died in 1969 • The George Washington of Vietnam • People visit his body daily in Hanoi
  48. 48. Vietnam Today • Most favored nation trading status with U.S. • Full diplomatic relations with the United States
  49. 49. Vietnam Vets • 87% of Americans hold great esteem for Vietnam Vets • Vietnam Vets have lowest unemployment rates of all Vets • Vietnam Vets adjusted to civilian life quite well
  50. 50. Vietnam in the Movies • Many famous, well-respected films • Often critical of government and war, in general • Most not exactly school-appropriate
  51. 51. Forrest Gump QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Click the movie above to play the clip.
  52. 52. Apocalypse Now QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Click the movie above to play the clip.
  53. 53. Full Metal Jacket QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Click the movie above to play the clip.
  54. 54. Full Metal Jacket QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Click the movie above to play the clip.
  55. 55. Good Morning, Vietnam QuickTime™ and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Click the movie above to play the clip.
  56. 56. Vietnam Veterans in Government • 13 veterans in the U.S. House of Reps. • 5 veterans in the U.S. Senate • Senators Kerry and McCain were war heroes • Both ran for the Presidency
  57. 57. Vietnam Memorial • Most-visited site in D.C. • 58,000 names on the wall • A tribute to those who served and who died
  58. 58. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Once called “shell shock” and “Post-Vietnam Syndrome” • New term and diagnosis in the 1980's • Severe psychological and emotional war-related trauma • 72,000 Vietnam Vets are being compensated
  59. 59. Agent Orange • Developed in the 1940's • Herbicide that controls plant growth • 6 million gallons dumped on Vietnam between 1963 and 1966
  60. 60. Agent Orange Continued • Chemical shipped in 55 gallon drums barrels were orange striped • Vets exposed to it have more health problems • Lawsuits total $180 million since the 1980's • Linked to severe birth defects
  61. 61. Lasting Legacy • New ways to look at war • Critical of government • Continued involvement with smaller countries • Veterans’ issues
  62. 62. Click here for affordable interactive whiteboards: http://www.teachersdiscovery.com/VboardAd/

×