Vietnam War


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Vietnam War

  1. 1. Vietnam War American History 10th Grade
  2. 2. What do you already know? <ul><li>What do you already know about the Vietnam War? </li></ul><ul><li>We never actually declared war </li></ul><ul><li>Only war we have ever lost </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning Targets <ul><li>I can explain how the Vietnam war is an example of the U.S. Policy of Containment. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain how the Vietnam war affected American foreign policy. </li></ul><ul><li>I can analyze why the war created conflict at home. </li></ul><ul><li>I am able to understand different perspectives of the war. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Key Events of the War <ul><li>French forces controlled Vietnam during imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>The French were defeated in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel into a noncommunist south and a communist north. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam was split into two nations in 1956. </li></ul><ul><li>President Ngo Dinh Diem pledged to prevent a communist takeover of the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh led the Communist Party in the North. </li></ul><ul><li>Diem eventually fell out of favor and was assassinated. </li></ul>
  5. 7. U.S. Involvement <ul><li>American warships were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin in 1964. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress gave President Lyndon Johnson almost unlimited military power to wage war </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson began bombing North Vietnam and increased the number of U.S. troops </li></ul><ul><li>As U.S. casualties increased, so did opposition to the war at home. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive antiwar demonstrations took place on U.S. college campuses and at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Involvement Cont’d <ul><li>In 1968, the North Vietnamese launched a massive offensive against South Vietnam during the first day of Tet. </li></ul><ul><li>America needed to use full military power. </li></ul><ul><li>War was televised for the first time in U.S. history. </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon began Vietnamization: supported turning the war effort over to the South Vietnamese and withdrawing U.S. troops. </li></ul><ul><li>1970, Nixon expanded the war into Laos and Cambodia- led to increased opposition to the war at home. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four college students were killed at Kent State in Ohio </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. The end of the War <ul><li>The United States signed a treaty with North Vietnam in 1973 and brought home its troops and POWs, </li></ul><ul><li>South Vietnam continued to fight. On April 30, 1975, the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon fell to communist forces, unifying Vietnam. </li></ul>
  8. 10. War Strategies <ul><li>How might have Vietnam’s geography affected fighting? </li></ul><ul><li>What is guerilla warfare? How did this effect the U.S.? </li></ul>