Lesson 4 why did us forces fail to break the

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Lesson 4 why did us forces fail to break the

  1. 1. Why did US forces fail to break the Vietcong?
  2. 2. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_Sji9OhAuI&feature=fvwrel </li></ul><ul><li>What tactics did the Vietcong use? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were they effective? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the response of the US army? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did this lead to more support for the Vietcong? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What methods were used by the Vietcong?
  4. 5. <ul><li>Take each source at a time and explain how it demonstrates the effectiveness of guerrilla tactics. </li></ul><ul><li>The US failed to deal with the guerrilla tactics used by the Vietcong. Can you suggest any change of strategy to better deal with these tactics? </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azxnc1nDkos </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the US’ superior technology not defeat the Vietcong? </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>What can you learn from sources E, F and G about the strengths and Weaknesses of the Vietcong? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you learn from Source H about the Vietcong tunnels? </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>A bit of Skills work: </li></ul><ul><li>What message is the cartoonist trying to get across in Source D? </li></ul><ul><li>Study source E what reaction would there be to this picture in the US? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you learn from Source F about the US army in Vietnam? </li></ul><ul><li>Look at Sources D, F and G. Which is the best representation of the US involvement in Vietnam and why? (use the detail on the cards and previous knowledge to help with your answer). </li></ul>
  8. 10. Strengths and Weaknesses of the North Vietnam/Vietcong <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>In 1965 the Vietcong had 170.000 soldiers. The north Vietnam government conscripted and every year sent 100,000 troops south. </li></ul><ul><li>They had causes to fight for – communism and reunification of Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>They were prepared to accept heavy losses. Between 500,000 and 900,000 died during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>They knew the terrain and were skill in guerrilla and jungle warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>The south Vietnamese peasants supported them as they had been alienated by Diem’s government and the US search and destroy </li></ul><ul><li>They were supplied with $2 billion of equipment by Communist China and Soviet Union (8000 aircraft guns and 200 anti-aircraft missile sites from Soviets alone) </li></ul><ul><li>Vietcong bases were well hidden and booby trapped. </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone in North Vietnam was enthusiastic about reunification. There was long running rivalry between North and South Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vietcong lacked US air power and military resources. </li></ul>THINK: Which is the greatest strength; Physical resources (weapons, men, equipments) OR Hearts and Minds (belief and support)
  9. 11. How Vietnam Was Lost BBC documentary <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNidPJZTw-g&NR=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Great for reaction in US – after Summer </li></ul>

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