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Christian Motherhood <ul><li>Home, childrearing, and childbearing are the most important things </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Chr...
<ul><li>Between 1825-1860, 25% of all women were teachers at some point in their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Men’s lust out of...
Middle-Class Ideology <ul><li>“ true womanhood” fell as middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent on a husband </li></ul><u...
Domesticity in a Market Age <ul><li>Start to see market-oriented production </li></ul><ul><li>Women alone did work for dir...
Market Revolution to Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Women begin working from their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes and clothi...
<ul><ul><li>Panic of 1837 and declining prices in cotton and wool hurt women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful strik...
The Bottom of the Wage Economy <ul><li>Irish </li></ul><ul><li>More Irish immigrant women than me </li></ul><ul><li>Those ...
What does this flag stand for?
Women and Slavery <ul><li>By the 1800’s many states in the North had abolished slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were capit...
<ul><li>Elite white women in plantation society were elevated to a lofty pedestal that was the ideological inverse of the ...
<ul><li>Non-Elite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Midwives and nurses for slave women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made many more thin...
Slave Women <ul><li>Excluded from the category of women all together </li></ul><ul><li>90 percent of slave women labored i...
<ul><li>Many terminated their pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>Or killed their kids to avoid slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Margar...
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Pedestal, loom, and auction block

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Pedestal, loom, and auction block

  1. 2. Christian Motherhood <ul><li>Home, childrearing, and childbearing are the most important things </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Christian example for her family </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Women’s great mission is to train immature, weak, and ignorant creatures, to obey the laws of God” </li></ul><ul><li>Women were expected to teach Christianity to their family, school, neighborhood, and nation (in that order) </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Between 1825-1860, 25% of all women were teachers at some point in their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Men’s lust out of control, so women did not lust in order to maintain order </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution was looked down upon </li></ul><ul><li>1820’s first female missionaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ann Hasseltine Judson was the first American female missionary to Africa </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Middle-Class Ideology <ul><li>“ true womanhood” fell as middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent on a husband </li></ul><ul><li>Poor were poor because they did not practice the true womanhood </li></ul><ul><li>Only the wealthiest had free time </li></ul><ul><li>Laundry was the most burdensome of domestic obligation </li></ul><ul><li>Many writings and books </li></ul>
  4. 5. Domesticity in a Market Age <ul><li>Start to see market-oriented production </li></ul><ul><li>Women alone did work for direct use </li></ul><ul><li>Soap, candles, flour and spices can now be bought at the market </li></ul><ul><li>Since women do not get paid, they become invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Lucy Larcom </li></ul>
  5. 6. Market Revolution to Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Women begin working from their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes and clothing were examples </li></ul><ul><li>Paid very poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Mill Girls of Lowell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile production was the most female dominated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13 hour days, 6 days a week, 1-2 bucks a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boarding homes were provided for women </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><ul><li>Panic of 1837 and declining prices in cotton and wool hurt women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful strikes and protest took place trying to get more wages and fewer hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women were not suppose to get into the political world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigration hurt women </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Bottom of the Wage Economy <ul><li>Irish </li></ul><ul><li>More Irish immigrant women than me </li></ul><ul><li>Those that were hired to cook, clean and do laundry were seen as nothing more than dirty, ignorant, and immoral Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>A Society for the Relief of Poor Widows formed in New York City in 1799 was the first charity organized by women for women </li></ul>
  8. 9. What does this flag stand for?
  9. 10. Women and Slavery <ul><li>By the 1800’s many states in the North had abolished slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were capital but also human beings </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy women would many times have slaves raise their children </li></ul><ul><li>White masters would have sex with their slaves, which resulted in them giving birth </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Elite white women in plantation society were elevated to a lofty pedestal that was the ideological inverse of the auction block on which slave women’s fate was sealed </li></ul><ul><li>In the south white women’s purity was defined by its contrast to the condition of black slave women </li></ul><ul><li>Some brought slaves from their parents when they married </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Non-Elite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Midwives and nurses for slave women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made many more things such as spinning and wearing homespun even after the North had begun to buy their own cloth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church about the only time these women left their homes </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Slave Women <ul><li>Excluded from the category of women all together </li></ul><ul><li>90 percent of slave women labored in the cotton, sugar, tobacco, and rice fields </li></ul><ul><li>Nowhere in the early 19 th century America was labor less separated by gender than in the plantation fields </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Many terminated their pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>Or killed their kids to avoid slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Garner a Kentucky slave who fled to Ohio, slit the throat of her youngest child in anticipation of their capture </li></ul><ul><li>“ Breeders” brought a good price on the auction block </li></ul>

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