Legalist Philosophy:   Law, Methods,    Power-base       World History I      St. Anne’s-Belfield
Continuity with       Confucianism and Taoism! In terms of goals, what did Legalism have in   common with Confucianism and...
Key Legalist Concepts IView of Human Nature
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle   responsibility of th...
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle   responsibility of th...
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle   responsibility of th...
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle  responsibility of the...
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle  responsibility of the...
Key Legalist Concepts I        View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle  responsibility of the...
Key Legalist Concepts II:Refutation of Conventional Morality
Key Legalist Concepts II:         Refutation of Conventional Morality1. Legalists believed that moralitywas based in selfis...
Key Legalist Concepts II:         Refutation of Conventional Morality1. Legalists believed that moralitywas based in selfis...
Key Legalist Concepts II:             Refutation of Conventional Morality    1. Legalists believed that morality    was ba...
Key Legalist Concepts II:             Refutation of Conventional Morality    1. Legalists believed that morality    was ba...
Key Legalist Concepts II:                    Refutation of Conventional Morality          1. Legalists believed that moral...
Key Legalist Concepts II:                    Refutation of Conventional Morality          1. Legalists believed that moral...
Key Legalist Concepts II:                    Refutation of Conventional Morality          1. Legalists believed that moral...
Key Legalist Concepts II:                    Refutation of Conventional Morality          1. Legalists believed that moral...
Key Legalist Concepts III:    The Concept of Law
Key Legalist Concepts III:                   The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by  law and a powerful state  – A...
Key Legalist Concepts III:                   The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by  law and a powerful state  – A...
Key Legalist Concepts III:                   The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by  law and a powerful state  – A...
Key Legalist Concepts III:    The Concept of Law
Key Legalist Concepts III:    The Concept of Law    Instead of morality, Legalists emphasized the importance of harsh andi...
Law Under the Legalists
Law Under the Legalists! Legalists argued for an   elaborate system of laws   defining fixed penalties   for each offense, w...
Key Legalist Concepts IV:  The Concept of Methods
Key Legalist Concepts IV:  The Concept of Methods
Key Legalist Concepts IV:      The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and   maintenance of a stabl...
Key Legalist Concepts IV:      The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and   maintenance of a stabl...
Key Legalist Concepts IV:      The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and   maintenance of a stabl...
Key Legalist Concepts IV:      The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and   maintenance of a stabl...
The Ch’in Dynasty
The Ch’in Dynasty   The Legalists’ dreams andnightmares were realized when  in 221BC China was unifiedunder the Ch’in Dynas...
Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler?
Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought  order to China as he     standardized,centralized, and unified...
Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought  order to China as he     standardized,centralized, and unified...
Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought  order to China as he     standardized,centralized, and unified...
Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought  order to China as he     standardized,centralized, and unified...
Legalism 1011
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  • Legalism 1011

    1. 1. Legalist Philosophy: Law, Methods, Power-base World History I St. Anne’s-Belfield
    2. 2. Continuity with Confucianism and Taoism! In terms of goals, what did Legalism have in common with Confucianism and Taoism?
    3. 3. Key Legalist Concepts IView of Human Nature
    4. 4. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler?
    5. 5. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler? • Confucius had suggested that men should be governed primarily by the MORAL EXAMPLE of a good ruler
    6. 6. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler? • Confucius had suggested that men should be governed primarily by the MORAL EXAMPLE of a good ruler • What was the Confucian view of human nature?
    7. 7. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler? • Confucius had suggested that men should be governed primarily by the MORAL EXAMPLE of a good ruler • What was the Confucian view of human nature?! What appears to be the Legalist view of human nature
    8. 8. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler? • Confucius had suggested that men should be governed primarily by the MORAL EXAMPLE of a good ruler • What was the Confucian view of human nature?! What appears to be the Legalist view of human naturePEOPLE ARE INHERENTLY BAD AND DRIVEN BY SELFISH DESIRES!
    9. 9. Key Legalist Concepts I View of Human Nature! According to Confucius, what was the principle responsibility of the ruler? • Confucius had suggested that men should be governed primarily by the MORAL EXAMPLE of a good ruler • What was the Confucian view of human nature?! What appears to be the Legalist view of human naturePEOPLE ARE INHERENTLY BAD AND DRIVEN BY SELFISH DESIRES! Historically, on what was this view of human nature based?
    10. 10. Key Legalist Concepts II:Refutation of Conventional Morality
    11. 11. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality1. Legalists believed that moralitywas based in selfish, individualmotives
    12. 12. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality1. Legalists believed that moralitywas based in selfish, individualmotivesHow could Confucian moralitybe used for selfish gain?
    13. 13. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual motives How could Confucian morality be used for selfish gain?! –Useless to try to educate people in morality; they’ll just be selfish
    14. 14. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual motives How could Confucian morality be used for selfish gain?! –Useless to try to educate people in morality; they’ll just be selfish 2. Confucian morality does not work under modern circumstances
    15. 15. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual motives How could Confucian morality be used for selfish gain?! –Useless to try to educate people in morality; they’ll just be selfish 2. Confucian morality does not work under modern circumstances -What changed between ancient and modern times which made morality obsolete?
    16. 16. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual 3. Filial piety undermines a motives powerful military structure How could Confucian morality be used for selfish gain?! –Useless to try to educate people in morality; they’ll just be selfish 2. Confucian morality does not work under modern circumstances -What changed between ancient and modern times which made morality obsolete?
    17. 17. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual 3. Filial piety undermines a motives powerful military structure How could Confucian morality – Why would this be true? be used for selfish gain?! –Useless to try to educate people in morality; they’ll just be selfish 2. Confucian morality does not work under modern circumstances -What changed between ancient and modern times which made morality obsolete?
    18. 18. Key Legalist Concepts II: Refutation of Conventional Morality 1. Legalists believed that morality was based in selfish, individual 3. Filial piety undermines a motives powerful military structure How could Confucian morality – Why would this be true? be used for selfish gain? Instills a sense of shame so that! –Useless to try to educate people in you won’t dishonor law and morality; they’ll just be selfish propriety 2. Confucian morality does not work under modern circumstances -What changed between ancient and modern times which made morality obsolete?
    19. 19. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law
    20. 20. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by law and a powerful state – According to Legalists, what did the establishment and maintenance of a strong state and rule by law require?
    21. 21. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by law and a powerful state – According to Legalists, what did the establishment and maintenance of a strong state and rule by law require? ! Ruler considered the cornerstone of stability
    22. 22. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law! Stability required rule by law and a powerful state – According to Legalists, what did the establishment and maintenance of a strong state and rule by law require? ! Ruler considered the cornerstone of stability ! Ruler->rule by law-> strong state->stability
    23. 23. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law
    24. 24. Key Legalist Concepts III: The Concept of Law Instead of morality, Legalists emphasized the importance of harsh andinflexible law enforced by a powerful ruler as the only means of achieving anorderly, prosperous society
    25. 25. Law Under the Legalists
    26. 26. Law Under the Legalists! Legalists argued for an elaborate system of laws defining fixed penalties for each offense, with no exceptions for rank, class or circumstances- NO ONE IS ABOVE THE LAW EXCEPT THE RULER!
    27. 27. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods
    28. 28. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods
    29. 29. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and maintenance of a stable, powerful monarchy
    30. 30. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and maintenance of a stable, powerful monarchy ! Only ruler should use Methods
    31. 31. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and maintenance of a stable, powerful monarchy ! Only ruler should use Methods ! Different from law; intended to govern ONLY the relations between kings and their minsters
    32. 32. Key Legalist Concepts IV: The Concept of Methods! “Methods” were key to the construction and maintenance of a stable, powerful monarchy ! Only ruler should use Methods ! Different from law; intended to govern ONLY the relations between kings and their minsters ! Goal is to keep royal court off balance to preserve the power of the ruler
    33. 33. The Ch’in Dynasty
    34. 34. The Ch’in Dynasty The Legalists’ dreams andnightmares were realized when in 221BC China was unifiedunder the Ch’in Dynasty as theresult of putting Legalist ideas into practice.
    35. 35. Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler?
    36. 36. Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought order to China as he standardized,centralized, and unified China.
    37. 37. Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought order to China as he standardized,centralized, and unified China.Standardization
    38. 38. Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought order to China as he standardized,centralized, and unified China.StandardizationCentralization
    39. 39. Why was Shih Huang Ti a great ruler? Shih Huang Ti brought order to China as he standardized,centralized, and unified China.StandardizationCentralizationUnification
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